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24 Cards in this Set

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BONE STRUCTURE:

DIAPHYSIS??
Elongated shaft of a long bone.
BONE STRUCTURE:

EPIPHYSIS??
The end of a long bone, attached to the shaft.
BONE STRUCTURE:

EPIPHYSEAL PLATE????
Plate of hyaline cartilate at the junction of the diaphysis and epiphysis that provides for growth in length of a long bone.
BONE STRUCTURE:

MEDULLARY CAVITY???
Blood forming. Inside.
BONE STRUCTURE:

ENDOSTEUM??
Connective tissue membrane covering internal bone surfaces. Inside.
BONE STRUCTURE:

RED MARROW???
fills blood in bone in children.
BONE STRUCTURE:

PERIOSTEUM??
Double-layered connective tissue that covers and nourishes the bone. Outside
BONE STRUCTURE:

ARTICULAR CARTILAGE??
Hyaline cartilage covering bone ends at movable joints.
BONE STRUCTURE:

SPONGY BONE (CANCELLOUS BONE)??
Internal layer of skeletal bone. Also called cancellous bone.
BONE STRUCTURE:

COMPACT BONE??
OSTEON: System of interconnecting canals in the microscopic structure of adult compact bone, unit of bone, also called Haversian system.
Central Canal (Hav. canal)
Lamellae
Osteocytes
Lacunae
Canaliculi
Perforating Canals(Volkman's)
BONE STRUCTURE:

CLASSIFICATIONS??
Short
Long
Flat
Sesamoid
Irregular
MUSCLES:

MUSCLE FIBERS???
A muscle cell.
MUSCLES:

SKELETAL MUSCLE???
Muscle composed of cylindrical multinucleate cells with obvious striations; the msucles attached to the body's skeleton, VOLUNTARY MUSCLE.
MUSCLES:

CARDIAC MUSCLE???
Specialized muscle of the heart. INVOLUNTARY.
CRANIAL BONES:

SMOOTH MUSCLE??
Spindle-shaped cells with one centrally located mucleus and no externally visible striations. Found mainly in the walls of hollow organs. INVOLUNTARY.
MUSCLE:

ENDOMYSIUM???
Thin connective tissue surrounding each muscle cell.
MUSCLE:

PERIMYSIUM??
Connective tissue enveloping bundles of muscle fibers.
MUSCLE?

FASCICLE??
Bundle of nerve or muscle fibers bound together by connective tissues.
MUSCLE:

EPIMYSIUM??
Sheath of fibrous connective tissue surrounding a muscle.
MUSCLE:

DEEP FASCIA???
still coarser sheets of dense connective tissue that bind muscles into functional groups.
MUSCLE:

TENDONS???
Cord of dense fibrous tissue attaching muscle to bone.
MUSCLES TYPES:

AGONISTS???
(Prime movers) Muscle that bears the major responsibililty for effecting a particular movement.
MUSCLE TYPES:

ANTAGONISTS???
Muscle that reverses, or opposes, the action of another muscle.
MUSCLE TYPES:

SYNERGISTS??
Muscle that aids the action of a prime mover by effecting the same movement or by stabilizing joints across which the prime mover acts to prevent undesirable movements.