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12 Cards in this Set

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Pollutants from the burning of coal become trapped in the Monongahela River Valley south of Pittsburgh for five days. Half of _____ population of 14,000 become sick and 22 die.
Donora, Pennsylvania Smog Disaster (October 1948)
Coal smoke and fog in ____ last for five days and kills 4000 people. The death resulted in the British Clean Air Act of 1956.
Toxic London Fog (1952)
The ____ River flowing through Clevand catches fire. Extreme pollution triggers public pressure for environmental laws.
Burning of the Cuyahoga River, Ohio (1969)
Union Oil Company platform off the coast of California breaks causing a build up of pressure and destruction of the ocean floor. 200,000 gallons of oil and gas from below the earth spread into 800 square miles.Marine life is seriously affected.
Santa Barbara Oil Spill (1969)
Widespread mercury poisoning discovered in the Japanese fishing village of ___. Industry is the source of the mercury. Mercury accumulates up the marine food chain until severe poisoning occurs in the human population.
Minamata Bay Mercury Poisoning (1956+)
An old canal in Miagara Folls, N.Y. was used by Hooker Chemical to dump harmful chemicals. The population of a school and subdivision built on top of the dump suffers birth defects and miscarriages.
Love Canal (1976-78)
The town of ____ in Minnesota was permanently evacuated and quarantined when it was discovered the the used motor oil sprayed on the roads to control dust contained carcinogenic levels of dioxins.
Times Beach: late 70s - early 80s
The ____ Island reacter near Harrisburg, PA experiences a partial core melt down. Un-estimated (likely low) levels of radioactive material released.
Three-Mile Island (1979)
In ___, India a tank at a Union Carbide pesticide plant releases about 40 tons of methy isocyanate. The toxic cloud spreads over 30 square miles, killing between 6000 and 20,000 people. It caused blindness, lun and neuroglogical damage in 3x as many people.
Bhopal Disaster (1984)
Iraqis retreating Kuwait set fire to hundreds of oil wells. Serious environmental damage.
Gulf War Oil "Spills" (1991)
The ______ oil tanker hits a reef in Prince william Sound near the town of _____, Alaska. 11 million gallons of oil released and more than 1000 miles of shore line are coated. Marine animals affected. Results in OIl Pollution Act of 1990 requiring strengthened tankards.
Exxon Valdez Oil Spill (1991)
Explosion and fire in a nuclear reactor at ____ in Ukraine results in a melt down and the release of seven tons of radioactive material in to the atmosphere. Thousands are killed and numberous others suffer radiation poisoning. Estimates of those killed immediately afterwards range from 3000 and 30,000.
Chernobyl Nuclear Accident (1986)