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6 Cards in this Set

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Definition: caused by infection
Infectious
A disease that is caused by an infection (that makes sense, doesn't it?). An infection is the invasion and multiplication of microorganisms in body tissue. There are many different types of bacteria that cause infection and infective diseases, such as pneumonia and mononucleosis. Other infectious agents are viruses and fungi.
Example: Streptococcal aureus
Definition: abnormality of a single molecule
molecular
disease caused by abnormality in the chemical structure or concentration of a single molecule (the smallest amount of a substance which can exist alone), usually a protein or enzyme. Molecular diseases are often also congenital, such as sickle cell anemia.
Example: sickle cell anemia
Definition: related to a tumor
Neoplastic
Pertaining to any new and abnormal growth, specifically a new growth of tissue that is progressive and uncontrolled. These growths are generally called tumors. A neoplasm can be either benign or malignant. Malignant means tending to become progressively worse, resulting in death. Benign is simply the opposite of malignant. Cancer is an example of a neoplastic disease.
Example: malignant neoplasm
Definition:caused by dietary intake
Nutritional
A disease caused by nutritional factors, such as insufficient or excessive dietary intake. Common nutritional diseases are eating disorders, such as bulimia or anorexia nervosa. Scurvy and rickets are examples of diseases caused by poor nutrition and vitamin deficiency.
Example: rickets
Definition: abnormality of a bodily structure
Organic
A disease that is due to a demonstrable abnormality in a bodily structure or the composition of its fluids, such as a heart murmur.
Example: heart murmur
Definition: resulting from injury
Traumatic
Resulting from some type of injury: physical, chemical, or psychological. Many pathologies fall into this category, such as fractures, burns, dislocations, cuts, injuries from a motor vehicle or other accidents, war wounds, or the psychological effects of abuse, war, or rape, leading to diseases such as post-traumatic stress disorder.
Example: laceration