Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Vertebral anatomy
Body, neural or vertebral arch, laminae, pedicles,
Vertebral foramen, spinous process, transverse process, inferior and superior articular process, intervertebral foramen
Spina bifida
Vertebral laminae fail to fuse; neural arch is incomplete; meninges and spinal cord bulged out; congenital or genetic; surgically fixed
Cervical spine (breakfast at 7 am)
C-1 to C-7; small vertebral body; transverse foramen; split bifid spinous process; large vertebral canal or foramen
Atlantoaxial joint
Transverse ligament of C-1 joins dense of C-2; C-1 or atlas; has no body; make you say “yes”; C-2 or Axial; has dense or “tooth”; makes you say “no”
Thoracic vertebrae (lunch at 12 noon)
T-1 to T-12 has transverse process that articulates with 12 pairs of ribs; has smaller vertebral foramen than cervical
Lumbar vertebrae (dinner at 5 pm)
L-1 to L-5; massive body to hold wt; spinal cord ends at L-2 or L-3; smaller vertebral foramen than thoracic
Sacral veretbra (1 bone)
Formed by fusion of 5 sacral vertebrae at age 21; 4 transverse foramen; CSF and meninges in the sacral canal; articulates to hip bone to attach lower appendicular to the axial skeleton
Coccyx (1 bone)
Formed by fusion of 3-5 bones; called “tail bone”; part of pelvis; may break during labor
Thoracic skeleton (25 bones)
1 sternum; 12 pairs of ribs; costal cartilage made of hyaline; thoracic vertebrae to hold ribs posteriorly
24 ribs (12 pairs)
Ribs #1 to 7 are vertebrosternal or true ribs; ribs #8 to 10 are vertebrochondral or false ribs; ribs #11 to 12 are vertebral or floating ribs