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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Hinduism
Dominant religion of india. Basesd around reincarnation and karma.
Varna
Meant "color" in india, this was the class you were put into. There were 4 classes
Caste System
Social system in india that kept groups separate.
Buddhism
Grew out of hinduism. Believed that a person could get out of being reinarnated.
Siddhartha Gautama
Founder of buddhism.
Mauryan Empire
first major empire to unite India, founded by Chandragupta.
Ashoka
Important Mauryan emperor, attempted to make buddhism the official religion of India.
Gupta Empire
United India for 200+ years, smaller empire than the one prior.
4 Nble Truths
Basic teachings of buddhism, centered around eliminating suffering and achieving enlightenmint.
Ascentism
Living a withdrawn life where you eat a special diet, practice yoga, and meditate in an attempt to escape reincarnation.
Nirvana
Buddhist belief in the escape from the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
Vedic Age
Era before Hinduism, based around the religion of the Aryans.
Indo - Europeans
A pastoral group that migrated into India and came into contact with the natives of india.
Dravidian Language
The language spoken by the native indians.
Dasa
Native indians that had darker skin than the Aryans, they spoke Dravidian and were pushed into the south.
Jati
Inherited occupational groups that were part of the castle system.
Reincarnation:
Basic Hindu belief in the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.
Karma:
Belief that one's station in the next life is determined by one's actions in this life and previous lives.
Brahmin:
Top level of the caste system, these were priests who memorized the rituals and prayers of Hinduism.
Yoga:
Spiratual and mental discipline.
Moksha:
Hindu term for the liberation from the cycle of birth and rebirth.
Jainism:
Religion which practiced non-violence to all living things, some went in to banking and trade to avoid killing living things.
Sati:
Indian practice of windows joining their dead husband on th funeral pyre.
Chandragupta:
Founder of the Mauryan Empire.
Theater-State:
A govt. that redistributes luxury goods and used elaborate ceremonies to impress dependents.