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23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Portuguese trading fortresses and compounds with resident merchants; utilized throughout Portuguese trading empire to assure secure landing places and commerce. (p. 667)
Mvemba, Nzinga
King of Kongo south of Zaire River from 1507 to 1543; converted to Christianity and took title of Alfonso I; under Portuguese influence attempted to Christianize all of kingdom. (p. 639)
Indies piece
Term utilized within the complex exchange system established by the Spanish for African trade; referred to the value of an adult male slave. (p. 643)
Tutu, Osei
Member of Oyoko clan of Akan peoples in Gold Coast region of Africa; responsible for creating unified Asante Empire; utilized Western firearms. (p. 647)
Kingdom developed among Fon or Aja peoples in 17th century; center at Abomey 70 miles from coast; under King Agaja expanded to control coastline and port of Whydah by 1727; accepted Western firearms and goods in return for African slaves. (p. 642)
great trek
Movement of Boer settlers in Cape Colony of southern Africa to escape influence of British colonial government in 1834; led to settlement of regions north of Orange River and Natal. (p. 651)
Middle Passage
Slave voyage from Africa to the Americas (16th—18th centuries); generally a traumatic experience for black slaves, although it failed to strip Africans of their culture. (p. 654)
African religious ideas and practices among descendants of African slaves in Haiti. (p. 659
Wilberforce, William
British statesman and reformer; leader of abolitionist movement in English parliament; led abolition of English slave trade in 1807. (p. 650)
El Mina
Most important of early Portuguese trading factories in forest zone of Africa. (p. 638)
Portuguese factory established in 1520s south of Kongo; became basis for Portuguese colony of Angola. (p. 640)
triangular trade
Commerce linking Africa, the New World colonies, and Europe; slaves carried to America for sugar and tobacco transported to Europe. (p. 644)
Nilotic people who migrated from Upper Nile valley; established dynasty among existing Bantu population in lake region of central eastern Africa; center at Bunyoro. (p. 749)
Ruler and reformer of Nguni peoples after 1818; reformed loose forces into regiments organized by lineage and age; created Zulu chiefdom that began to absorb or destroy its neighbors in southern Africa. (p. 650)
African religious ideas and practices in the English and French Caribbean islands. (p. 659)
Kingdom of runaway slaves with a population of 8,000 to 10,000 people; located in Brazil during the 17th century; leadership was Angolan. (p. 659)
Swazi and Lesotho
New African state formed on model of Zulu chiefdom; survived mfecane. (p. 652)

Southern African state that survived mfecane; not based on Zulu model; less emphasis on military organization, less authoritarian government. (p. 652)
Collection points for Portuguese trade in the interior of Africa; provided essential links between economies of African interior and factories on the coast. (p. 639)
Royal African Company
Chartered in 1660s to establish a monopoly over the slave trade among British merchants; supplied African slaves to colonies in Barbados, Jamaica, and Virginia. (p. 642)
Asante Empire
Established in Gold Coast among Akan people settled around Kumasi; dominated by Oyoko clan; many clans linked under Osei Tutu after 1650. (p. 642)
City-state formed in 14th century under Ewuare the Great (1400–1473); control extended from Niger River to coast near modern Lagos. (p. 647)
Wars of 19th century in southern Africa; created by Zulu expansion under Shaka; revolutionized political organization of southern Africa. (p. 652)
African religious ideas and practices in Brazil, particularly among the Yoruba people. (p. 659)