Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/49

Click to flip

49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Portuguese factory established in 1520's south of Kongo; became basis for Portuguese colony of Angola.
Luanda
Russian claim to be successor state to Roman and Byzantine empires; based in part on continuity of Orthodox xhurch in Russia following the fall of Constantinople in 1453
third rome
Conflict from 1640 to 1660; featured religious disputes mixed with constitutional issues concerning the powers of the monarchy; ended with restoration of the monarchy in 1660 following execution of previous king.
English Civil War
Mine located in upper Peru 9modern Bolivia0; largest of New World silver mines; produced 80% of all Peruvian silver
Potos'
Slave voyage from Africa to the Americas; generally a traumatic experience for black slaves, although it failed to strip them of their culture
Middle Passage
British states man/ reformer; leader of abolitionist movement in English parliamant that led to end of English slave trade in 1807
Wilberforce, William
Also known as Ivan the Great; prince of dutchy of moscow; descent from rurik; freed russia from mongols
Ivan III
Most important of early Portuguese trading factories in forest zone of Africa
El Mina
spanish enlightened monarch ruled 1759-1788; instituted fiscal, administrative, and military reforms in Spain and its empire
Charles III
signed in 1494 between castille and portugal; clairified spheres of influence and rights of posession in New World
Treaty of Tordesillas
Kindon of Runaway slaves with a population of 8,000 to 10,00 people; located in Brazil during the 17th century; leadership was Angolan
Palmares
Englis scientist during the 17th century; author of Prinicpia; drew the various astronomical and physical observations and wider theories together in a neat framework
Newton, Isaac
People living in new world colonies born in spain
peninsulares
Wife of Jahangir; amassed power in court and created faction of male relatives who dominated Mughal empire
Nur Jahan
Spanish colonial possesions in Mesoamerica: included most of central Mexico; based on imperial system of Aztecs
New Spain
Location of greatest seposit of mercury in South America; aided in silver production
Huancavelica
Form of Protestantism set up in England after 1534; established by Henry VIII with himself as head
Anglican church
Portuguese leadr of an expedition to India; blown of coarse in 500; landed in Brazil
Pedro Alvares Cabral
Founder of Mughal dynasty in India; descended from Turkic warriors; died in 1530
Babur
Biological and ecological exchange that took place following Spanish establishment of colonies in New World; animals, plants and diseases were transferred
Columbian Exchange
Led expedition of 600 to coast of Mexico in 1519; conquistador responsible for defeat of Aztec Empire; captured Tenochtitlan
Hernan Cortez
established importance of skaptical review of all recieved wisdom
Rene Descartes
Body within Castilian government that issued all laws and advised kings on all matters dealing with the spanish colonies of the new world
Council of the Indies
Slender, long hulled vessels utilized by portuguese; key to development of trade w/ Asia
caravels
French monarch of late 17th century; absolute monarchy
Louis XIV
War within Holy Roman Empire between german protestants and their allies vs. Spain; ended in 1648 after great destruction with treaty of Westphalia
Thirty Years War
Dominican friar who supported peaceful conversion of Native American population of the Spanich colonies
Bartolome de Las Casas
Restatemant of tradional Catholic beliefs in response to Protestant Reformation
Catholic Reformation
University-trained lawyers from Spain in the New World
letrados
Safavid ruler from 1587-1629; extended Safavid domain to greatest extent
Abbas the Great
German monk; initiated Protestant Reformation in 1517 by nailing 95 theses to the door of Wittenberg church
Martin Luther
French Colonies in North America
New France
Spanish Jesuit missionary
Francis Xavier
Concept of god during the scientific revolution; role of divinity was set to natural laws in motion, not to regulate once process was begun
Deism
Cultural and intellectual movemant of northern Europe; after Italian Renaissance; France/low countries/England/Germany
Northern Renaissance
Merchant Guild of Seville; monopoly of goods shipped to America
consulado
Dynasty elected in 1613 at the end of Time of Troubles; ruled Russia untill 1917
Romanov Dynasty
Enlightenment feminist thinker in England; argued that new political rights should extend to women
Mary Wollstonecraft
Local mosque officials and prayer leaders within the Safavid Empire; converters
mullahs
marriage to Ferdinand united Spain
Isabella of Castile
Joint stock company that obtained government monopoly over trade in Asia; acted as virtually independant government in regions it claimed
Dutch East India Company
Grants of Indian laborors made to Spanish conquerors and settlers in Mesoamerica and South America
encomienda
English overthrow of James II in 1688; result: affirmation of parliament's authority over the king
Glorious Revolution
Establishe by Europeans by the 16th century; based on control of the seas
World Economy
Revolt against Spanish colonial rule in New Granada in 1781
Comunero Revolt
Pastoral people of western Sudan; adopted purifying Sufi variant of Islam
Fulani
Strips of land along Brazilian coast granted to minor Portuguese nobles for developmenst
capitaincies
Second Romanov tsar; abolished assemblies of nobles; gained new powers over Russian Orthodox church
Alexis Romanov
Ottoman infantry divisions that dominated Ottoman armies; forcibly conscripted a baoys; slaves; political influence
Janissaries