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26 Cards in this Set

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Florida Purchase Treaty 1819
Spain ceded FL and gave us shaky claims to Oregon and we in return gave them TX.
Russo-American Treaty 1824
the russian czar fixed his Alaskan boundary so that he had the panhandle of Alaska
Peculiar Institution
Slavery because it went against everything the US stood for, except we still did it.
Protective Tariff
the policy of preserving domestic producers or by placing barriers on imported goods through a high tariff. Started w. Clay's American system
2nd Bank of the US - 1816
coming from nationalist feelings after the war of 1812, later headed by Nicholas Biddle.
McCulloch vs. Maryland
tried to destroy the MD BUS by taxing its banknotes; declared unconst.; strengthened Fed. gov't and used loose construction.
Tariff of 1816
one of the first protective Tariffs that raised the tax to 20% on imports. Helped Eastern Manufacturing to flourish.
Panic of 1819
After the era of good feelings = panic. overspeculation of land, forclosure of farms, people put in debtor's prisons.
Gibbons v. Ogden - 1824- the "steamboat case"
NY tried to grant a private waterborne commerce monopoly = NO! only congress can control interstate commerce. Blow to state's rights.
Bonus Bill 1817
passed by congress to give states 1.5M for internal improvements, but VETOED by Madison who said states should do it themselves.
Gibbons v. Ogden - 1824- the "steamboat case"
NY tried to grant a private waterborne commerce monopoly = NO! only congress can control interstate commerce. Blow to state's rights.
Battle of Horseshoe Bend 1814
Led by Andrew Jackson - effectively crushed the creek indians and left the west open for safer settlment
Fletcher v. Peck 1810
Georgia gave 35 million acres of the MI territory to private speculators. Supreme Ct. decides the grant was a contract and said state cannot make contracts. Illustrated: pwer of supreme ct. to invalidate state laws inflicting with constitution.
Land Speculators
people that gambled on land and invested in it. real-estate like people that put money on acres and how they would be sold.
Monroe Doctrine
a. non-colonization
b. non-intervention
Pres. Monroe's attempt to stop unnecessecary alliances that would hamper US expansion and economy. 1823
a. no old world govs. could seize/acquire more land in the new world.
b. warning against foreign monarchs getting up in our buisnass.
Dartmouth v. Woodward
Dartmouth college had a charter during reign of king george and the state of NH wanted to revoke the charter = Marshall says that Dartmouth is "grandfathered in" by a state protecting it and cannot be dominated by it.
Treaty of 1818
Monroe and England neither brit nor US had to surrender = verified boundries of LA and permitted the US to share fisheries with Canada. Also a 10-year joint occupation of Oregon.
Treaty of 1818
Monroe and England neither brit nor US had to surrender = verified boundries of LA and permitted the US to share fisheries with Canada. Also a 10-year joint occupation of Oregon.
the American System - 1824
A new easy bank for all, protective tariff, and manufacturing.
Tippecanoe
Harrison's big time Victory in which he stormed Tecumseh's HQ and burned it to the ground. 1811 = a major indian defeat.
USS Constitution/ Old Ironsides
notable ship of war during 1812 that defeated the british for once b/c we had better ironsides and a better navy!
Battle of the Thames 1813
Tecumseh killed and the indian dream done with.
Land Act of 1820
gave the West who was forced to ally with other sections b/c it was weak and wanted chaper land = a buyer could by up to 80 acres of land at a min. of 1.25 an acre in cash.
Wildcat Banks
an uncontrolled speculative bank that issues notes w/out sufficient capital to back them up
Tallmadge Agreement
A cause of the MO compromise said that no more slaves can be brought to MO and the slave kids already there are free. the south saw this as a bigtime threat.
Cohens v. VA
right of the supreme court to review decisions of the state courts in all questions involving powers of the federal government.