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32 Cards in this Set

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Glorious Revolution (1688)
Protestant nation rose up and sent James II into permanent exile
Richard Haklugy
tried to keep interests in colonization in the new world alive; anti-Catholic and hatred of Spanish kept the movement alive
joint-stock companies
large groups that could invest without fear of bankruptcy; used to raise money for colonization during Queen Elizabeth's reign
First Virginia Charter
(10 Oct 1606) authorized the establishment of plantations by the London Company in Virginia
Susan Constat, Godspeed, and Discovery
ships used by the London Company to transport colonists to Virginia from England
Capt. James Smith
supposedly saved Jamestown
De La Warr, Thomas Gates, and Thomas Dale
ruled over Virginia after Smith and used martial law in order to maintain order
John Ralfe
first to harvest tabacco and view it as a valuable export in Virginia (weaker leaf)
Sir Edwin Sandy
created the House of Burgesses and guaranteed headrights to those who came to Virginia on their own bill
John Winthrop
governor of Massachusetts Bay
Cambridge Agreement
Protestants pledged to leave March of 1630 for the New World
Roger Williams
Claimed that civil rulers of Massachusetts had no right to punish settlers based on their religious beliefs; founded Providence, Rhode Island
Henry Hudson
Traveled up the Hudson River and established trading posts in new Netherland; perfect location to attack Spanish colonies in the New World
Dutch West India Company
trading company of animal furs
Colonel Richard Nicolls
ordered the surrender of the colonists at New Asterdam (English)
Duke's Laws
guaranteed religious toleration and created local governments in Maine, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Long Island, and New York up to the Delaware Bay
John, Lord Berkeley
gave up his land grant to a group of Quakers (West Jersey)
Sir George Cartert
East Jersey
George Fox
spiritual anxieties sparked a new religious message; everyone could be saved
William Penn
Quaker who ran the "Holy Experiment" in PA; died a broken man in American after returning from England to find PA flourishing
Sir John Colleton
The True and Absolute Lords Proprietors of Carolina
Anthony Ashley Cooper, Earl of Shaftesbury
kept to idea of the Carolinas alive; Port Royal
Joseph West
commander of Port Royal
John Locke
political ideas
Council of Nobles
administered justice, oversaw civil affairs, and initiated legislation in Port Royale
Commons House of Assembly
recieved the right to initiate legislation by the end of the 1600s in Port Royale
Adams-Onis Treaty
signed by Secretary of State John Quincy Adams and Spanish Minister Luis de Onis in 1819, treaty allowed for U.S. annexation of Florida

a.k.a. U.S. got Florida ($5 million)
African Methodist Episcopal (AME) Church
Richard Allen founded the African Methodist Episcopal Church in 1816 as the first independent black-run Protestant church in the United States. The AME Church was active in the promotion of abolition and the founding of educational institutions for free blacks
Agricultural Revolution
The gradual shift from hunting and gathering to cultivating basic food crops that occurred world wide from 7000 to 9000 years ago. This transition resulted in sedentary living, population growth, and establishment of permanent villages
Alamo
1835, Americans living in the Mexican state of Texas fomented a revolution. Mexico lost the conflict but not before its troops defeated and killed a group of American rebels at the Alamo, a fort in San Antonio
Albany Plan
Plan of intercolonial cooperation proposed by prominent colonists including Benjamin Franklin at a conference in Albany, New York 1754

plan envisioned the formation of a Grand Council of elected delegates from the colonies that would have poweres to tax and provide for the common defense. it was rejected by the colonial and British governments, but was a prototype for colonial union.
Alien and Sedition Acts
collective name given to four laws passed in 1798 designed to suppress criticism of the federal