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8 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
transatlantic trade
England Holland and France competed vigorously. England pursued a policy of national self-suffieiency to capure a greater share of commercial profits. between 1651 and 1733 Parliament passed laws that regulated trade in order to ensure that more wealth flowed into englands treasuer than out of it.
economic system whereby the gov. intervenes in the economy for the purpose of increasing national wealth. Merchantilists advocated possession of colonies as places where the mother country could agquire raw materials not available at home. parliament subsidized certain goods and other laws protected English manufacturers from colonial competition by prohibiting colonists from manufacturing things on a large scale.
navigation act of 1651
first piece of mercantilist legislation passed to regulate colonial commerce; called for imperial trade to be conducted using English or colonial ships with mainly English crews.
enumerated products
items produced in the colonies and enumerated in acts of parliament that could be legally shipped from the colony of origin only to specified locations, usually England and other destinations within the British empire.
molasses Act of 1733
law passed by Parliament in 1733 that taxed sugar products from foreign sources in order to encourage British colonists to buy sugar and molasses only from the British West indies.
age of enlightenment
major intellectual movement occurring in western europe in the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries. inspired by recent scientific advances, thinkers emphasized the role of human reason in undertanding the world and directing its events. their ideas placed less emphasis on gods role in ordering worldly affairs.
halfway covenant
plan adopted in 1662 by new england clergy to deal with the problem of declining chuch membership. it allowed adults who had been baptixed because their parents wer church members but who had not yet experienced conversion to have their own children baptixed. without the halfway covenant, these third-generation children would remain unbaptized until their parents would remain unbaptized until thier parents experienced conversion.
great awakening
new lights
tremendous religious revival in colonial america. sparked by the tour of the English Evangelical minister George Whitefield, the awakening struck first in the Middle colonies and new england in the 1740s and eventually spread to the southern colonies by the 1760's