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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
William Pitt
Leader in the English Government in 1765. Led Britain to Victory when they were failing. Took Louisberg in 1758 and hired John Wolfe who took Quebec in 1758.
Indian Cheif who led Pontiacs iprising in 1763, killing 2,000 colonists.
French and Indian War
- 7 years
- In america and Europe
- British+Colonists vs. Spanish + French
- British forces victorious
- sparked unity and independence in colonists
From the french settlement Acadia, which was taken over by the British. Under British control they tried to revolt for France and were deported to the south(Louisiana).
Albany Congress
- Convened in Albany, New York in 1754 with the leaders of colonies
- main purpose: unite colines, and discuss indians
Proclamation of 1763
- Colonists couldn't travel past the Applachian mountains
- Britain passed after pontiacs revolt
- Colonists angry and expand westward anyway
- Acadians after they were deported South in 1755
Edict of Nantes
April 30th, 1598 gave protestent hueganotts partial toleration and ended religious was in France.
What areas did Samueal Champlain Explore and where was he from?
- From, France
- Explored, Quebec
What areas did Robert De Lasalle Explore and where was he from?
- From, France
- Explored, Lousiana
What areas did Antoine Cadillac Explore and where was he from?
- From, France
- Explored, Detroit
Samuel Adams
Revolutionary Writer
Charles Townshed
Bristish Drunk elected to be head of the Ministry. Made parliement pass the townshed acts. The most famous one is the tax on tea.
John Adams
Defeneded Red coats in Boston Massacre, but then was a strong patriot. Future president of the USA.
Crispus Attucks
Killed during the Boston Massacre, he was a mulatto.
King George III
King of England during the Revolution. Said to be a good man but a bad leader. Illustrated by the abundance of poverty with in the country.
measuring a countries wealth in gold and silver. This system was brutally enforced in Britain, but detested by the colonies. For Britain to stay on top of this system they had to have the colonies.
"No taxation, Without Representation"
Said by the colonists who did not want to pay taxes unless they had an American in Parliament.
Non-importation agree
- Colonists not importing British goods
- Begin to spin own cloth, etc
British Kings advisors counicl called the privy vetoed many colonial laws.
Virtual Representation
British beleived that every member of Parliement represented everyone disregarding you finacncial status or where you were from.
Sons of Liberty
rebel group in the colonies that caused many protests against Britain.
Quebec Act
Passed by Britain to their French colony, that they could move as far south as the Ohio River and catholism would be tolerated. This upset the English colonists.
First Continental Congress
Assembled in 1774 and was used as a consultant body or convention. Together they wrote up a declaration of Independence. One of the important leaders was John Adams.
Declatory Act
Passed by Britain that the Colonies couldn't draft their own laws.
Sugar Act
The first of these was passed in 1764 which invoked tax revenue for the colonies.
Townshend Acts
Persuaded by Charles Townshend to be passed by Congress these laws had many regulations. However the most famous of these acts was the taxation of tea, glass, white lead, paint, and paper. These taxes were what would be paid to the royal governors and judges.
Quartering acts
Passed by Britain these laws made it necessary for colonists to house and feed British soldiers.
Boston Massacre
1770- Red Coats shot into a crowd of colonists. They killed and wounded 11 people.
The Association
Document created by continental congress. It acted as a modern constitution and connected allt he colonies.
Stamp Act
first stamp act was passed in 1764 by George Greenville. It increased tax revenues in the colonies. It helped to aid the military. People had to pay for special stamp paper and stamps. This system upset the colonists although there was a harsher version of it in Britain already.
Stamp Act Congress
This assembly met in New York in1765 in hopes to repeal the stamp act. This delegation consisted of 27 delegates from 9 colonies.
Commitee of Corespondance
Organized by the colonies there were several committees so that they could relay messages, ideas, and plans.
German soldiers hired by the British to fight int he Revolutionary war.
Admirality courts
courts that resolved disputes between merchants and seamen.
Boston tea Party
In 1773 sales were dwindling on tea, and the British East Indian company had 17 million pounds of unsold tea. So the British crown granted them the monopoly of all the colonies. The colonists ignoring the now even lower prices destroyed all the tea because it was taxed.
Those loyal in the colonies to the King of England.
Intolerable acts
Officially known as the Repressive acts which were passed by Britain after the Boston teas party to subdue the colonists. It was mostly in effect towards Boston and Massachusetts. One of the acts was to shut down the Boston Port. They also took away many charter rights from Massachusetts. These acts upset the colonists only more.
Benedict Arnold
General on colonists side that secired Boston and attempted to capture Quebec but was wounded in the leg.
Richard Henrey Lee
Camp up with the idead for the declariaiton of Independence.
John Paul Jones
young scottsman famous for being in the colonial navy.
Thomas Jeferson
Wrote the Declaration of Independence.
Marquis De Layafayette
Took Americas declaration of Independence as a precedent for the French Declaration of the rights of man.
Patrick Henry
Young rebellious leader, once said, " give me liberty, or give me death!"
John Jay
American Peacemaker went to France in 1782. Thought France might drop them as an ally so with out the consent of Congress he signed a peace treaty with Britain.
Part of colonial navy these were privatley owned armed ships.
2nd Continental Congress
After the battle of Lexington and Concord the Congress reconvened in Philadelphia. They established a continental army for 13 states and made George Washingont the cheif of it.
Common Sense
Radical Pamphlet written by Thomas Paine, that states that is was only common sense that the colonists should seperate from Britain.
Strongly supported the king and parliment veiws in England.
apposed the king from the colonies.
Apposed the King from within England. One of the main political parties of England. later adapted to teh colonies.
Treaty of Paris 1783
Britain formally recognized the Independence of the USA and ceded them land.