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17 Cards in this Set

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Cotton Gin
invented by Eli Whitney, quickly and easily separates cotton fibers, increased assets in am history
Nat Turner's rebellion
slave rebellion that took place in Southampton County, Virginia during August 1831. Over 50 people were reported killed. It lasted only a few days before being put down, but leader Nat Turner remained in hiding for several months afterwards.
The rebels traveled from house to house, freeing slaves and killing all the white people they found.
American colonization society
The American Colonization Society (in full, The Society for the Colonization of Free People of Color of America) founded Liberia, a colony on the coast of West Africa in 1822 and transported free blacks there, in an effort to remove them from the United States. Both groups happy for fear of black being unable to assimilate into US culture.
Elias Howe
He was an American inventor and sewing machine pioneer.he did not invent the sewing machine, but since he refined the others' ideas into a functional machine, on September 10, 1846, Howe was awarded the first United States patent for a sewing machine using a lock stitch design.
Irish Potato Famine
1845-1849, 2 million refugees emigrated to US, Canada, Australia, and Great Br.
Know-Nothing Party
nativist American political movement of the 1850s.It grew up as a popular reaction to fears that major cities were being overwhelmed by Irish Catholic immigrants whom they regarded as hostile to American values and controlled by the Pope in Rome. It was a short-lived movement mainly active 1854–56
Wilmot Proviso
The intent of the proviso, submitted by Democratic Congressman David Wilmot, was to prevent the introduction of slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico. The proviso did not pass in this session or in any other session when it was reintroduced over the course of the next several years, but many consider it as the first event in the long slide to Civil War which would accelerate through the 1850s.
Popular soverienty
state is created by and therefore subject to the will of its people. (right to choose for slavery or against) represented by Thomas Hobbes (1588-1679) and Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778), author of The Social Contract, a prominent literary work that clearly highlighted the ideals of "general will". law is based on the consent of the governed
Free Soil Party
active in the 1848 and 1852; purpose was opposing the expansion of slavery into the territories, arguing that free men on free soil comprised a morally and economically superior system to slavery. The free soilers were against the expansion of slavery but not the idea of slavery, their goal was to gain the land to the west, and keep the land free of slaves
Stephen Douglass
Democratic Party nominee for President in 1860. Nicknamed “Little Giant” He lost to Republican Party candidate Abraham Lincoln. . He was largely responsible for the Compromise of 1850 that apparently settled slavery issues. However in 1854 he reopened the slavery question by the highly controversial Kansas Nebraska Act that allowed the people of the new territories to decide for themselves whether or not to have slavery
Compromise of 1850
series of laws that attempted to resolve the territorial and slavery controversies arising from the Mexican-American War (1846–48). The five laws balanced the interests of the slave states of the South and the free states. California was admitted as a free state; Texas received financial compensation for relinquishing claim to lands west of the Rio Grande. The measures, designed by Whig Senator Henry Clay (who failed to get them through himself) were shepherded to passage by Democratic Senator Stephen Douglas and Whig Senator Daniel Webster. The Compromise was possible after the death of President Zachary Taylor, who was in opposition. Succeeding President Taylor was a strong supporter of the compromise, Vice President Millard Fillmore.
Fugitive Slave Law
statutes passed by the United States Congress in 1793 and 1850 to provide for the return of slaves who escaped from one state into another or into a public territory.
Webster-Ashburton Treaty
settled the dispute over the location of the Maine-New Brunswick border between the United States and Canada, then a colony of Britain and the shared use of the Great Lakes. It also reaffirmed the location of the border (at the 49th parallel) in the westward frontier up to the Rocky Mountains, originally defined in the Treaty of 1818. It also called for a final end to the slave trade on the high seas, to be enforced by both signatories.
Joseph Smith
eldest surviving son of Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Latter Day Saint movement. Joseph Smith III was the first Prophet-President of the Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. He was the first person to hold that position following a formal reorganization of the church that took place several years after his father's death. For fifty-four years until his own death, Smith presided over the church.
Brigham Young
was the second prophet and president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He was also the first governor of the Utah Territory. (sometimes "The Modern Moses" or "The Mormon Moses" [2]) because, like the biblical figure, he led his followers, the Mormon Pioneers in an often arduous exodus through a desert, to what they saw as a promised land.
Treaty of 1846
Treaty between the United States and Great Britain that set the boundary of the Oregon Territory.
Texas Independence
Texas Revolution or Texas War of Independence was fought from October 2, 1835 to April 21, 1836 between Mexico and the Tejas portion of the Mexican state of Coahuila y Tejas.