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9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
believed in science and not the Bible; did not believe in original sin or the divinity of Jesus; still believed in a supreme being that created a knowable universe and gave humans a capacity for moral behavior; promoted by Thomas Paine
Second Great Awakening
huge religious revival in America; 1790-1860; left US with new religious sects; converted people; reorganized existing sects; included reforms - prisons, temperance, women, abolition
Charles Finney
lawyer to evangelist; led massive revivals in Rochester and NYC in 1830 and 1831; preached old time religion with a twist; "anxious bench"; encouraged women to pray out loud in public; denounced alcohol and slavery
adventists from western NY; led by William Miller; believed Bible said Jesus would return to Earth October 22, 1844
Joseph Smith
allegedly received Book of Mormon in the form of gold plates in 1830; led the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (Mormons); fled from Burned-over District (western NY) with Mormons to OH, MO and IL; faced hostilities after establishing religious oligarchy; killed in 1844
Brigham Young
led Mormons after Smith's death in 1844; led Mormons to Utah in 1846 and 1847; became territorial governor in 1850
Horace Mann
graduate of Brown; Secretary of Massachusetts Board of Education; campaigned effectively for more and better school houses, longer school terms, higher pay for teachers and expanded curriculum; influenced other states to improve
Noah Webster
Yale graduate; "schoolmaster of the Republic"; published American dictionary in 1828 to standardize American language
provided platforms for speakers in areas such as science, literature and moral philosophy; led by lecturers