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80 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What did Jim Fisk and Jay Gould plan to do?
raise the price of the gold market
What was the Credit Mobilier scandal in 1872?
Union Pacific R&R insiders made the Credit Mobilier company then hired themselves at inflated prices; they also bribed government officials to stay quiet about it
Which party chose Horace Greeley as their candidate in the elections of 1872?
Liberal Republican Party
What was the amnesty act of 1872?
removed political disabilities from most of the former Confederate leaders
What caused the panic of 1873?
overspeculation
What was the Resumption ACt of 1875?
required government to withdraw greenbacks from circulaton and redeem all paper currency in gold at face value
Describe the Stalwarts and Half-Breeds
Stalwarts were led by Roscoe Conkling and supported the spoils system; Half-Breeds were led by James G. Blaine and supported the opposite
What did the Stalwarts and Half-Breeds mainly disagree over?
who would give the jobs to the people who voted in their favor
Describe the Hayes-Tilden Standoff in 1876.
Tilden won popular vote but was one away from winning in the Electoral College but they couldnt decide who the winner of the states would be because the president of the Senate was a Republican and the Speaker of the House was a Democrat
What was the Electoral Count Act (Compromise of 1877)?
set up an electoral commission consisting of 15 men elected from Senate, House of Representatives and the Surpreme Court
Civil Rights ACt of 1875
guaranteed equal accomodations in public places and prohibited racial discrimination in jury selection
Plessy vs. Ferguson (1896)
Supremem Court ruled in favor of the South's segregation declaring that separate but equal facilities were legal under the 14th Amendment
What was a result of the assassination of President Garfield?
The Pendleton Act was passed making campaign contributions from federal employees illegal and establishing the Civil Service Comission
Why was it known as the Billion-Dollar Congress?
spended a lot; gave pensions to Civil War veterans, increased government purchases on silver, and passed the McKinley Tariff Act of 1890
Who made up the Populist party?
frustrated farmers in the west and south that demanded inflation through free and unlimited coinage of silver
Sherman Silver Purchase ACt of 1890
created by the administration of Benjamin Harrison in order to increase amount of silver in circulation
Wilson-Gorman Tariff of 1894
lowered tariffs and contained a 2% tax on incomes over $4,000 (ruled unconstitutional in 1895)
Name two railroad improvements
steel rail, standard gauge of track witdth
"stock watering"
enabled railroad stock promoters to inflate their claims about a given line's assets and profitability and sell stocks and bonds in excess of the railroad's actual value
"pools"
agreements to divide the business in a given area and share the profits
Wabash case
SC ruled that individual states had no power to regulate interstate commerce
Interstate Commerce ACt
prohibited rebates and pools, required railroads to publish their rates openly, forbade unfair discrimination against shippers, outlawed charging more for short trip than long over same line
Vertical integration: what is it, who used it?
combining all phases of manufacturing into one organization, Carnegie Steel
Horizontal integration: what is it, who used it?
allying with competitors to monopolize a market, Rockefeller
Bessemer process
allowed the price of steel to drop and be done with ease
Plutocracy
goernment controlled by the wealthy that took over the constitution
Sherman Anti-Trust Act of 1890
forbade combinations in restraint or trade without any distinction between "good" or "bad" trusts
Booker T. Washington
avoided issue of social equality
W.E.B. Du Bois
attacked Booker T, helped form NAACP in 1910
Morrill Act of 1862
passed after southern states had succeeded providing generous grants of the public lands to the staets for support of education
Hatch Act of 1887
extended Morrill ACt and provided federal funds for the establishment of agricultural experiment stations in connection with land grant colleges
Comstock Law
censored "immoral" material from the public (caused by gossip mags)
18th amendment
national prohibition amendment
Dawes Severalty Act of 1887
dissolved many tribes as legal entities, wiped out tribal ownership of land, set up individual Indian family heads with 160 free acres
Homestead Act of 1862
allowed a settler to qcquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for 6 yrs, improving it, and paying a nominal fee of about $30
goal of the Grange
to enhance the lives of isolate farmers through social, educational, and fraternal activites
Grange Laws
held the idea of public control of private business for the general welfare
Populist party
called for nationalizing the railroads, telephones, and telegraph; instituting a graduated income tax, created new federal subtreasury (scheme to provide farms with loams for crips stored in gov-owned warehouses), free & unlimited coinage of silver
Coxey's Army & Pullman Strike
wanted gov to relieve unemployment by an inflationary public works system
Dingley Tariff Bill
proposed new high tariff rates to generate enough revenue to cover the annual Treasury deficits
Gold Standard of 1900
provided that paper currency be reedeemed freely in gold
The Influence of Sea Power upon History by Cpt. Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that ___
control of the sea was the key to word dominance
The Great Rapprochement
between U.S. and Britain (after Brit rejected relevance of Monroe Doctrine)Brit decided to not go to war
Hatch Act of 1887
extended Morrill ACt and provided federal funds for the establishment of agricultural experiment stations in connection with land grant colleges
yellow journalism
William R. Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer, made conditions in Cuba more than they were
Dupuy de Lome letter
Hearst's Journal published private letter de Lome which degraded McKinley so he resigned
Comstock Law
censored "immoral" material from the public (caused by gossip mags)
18th amendment
national prohibition amendment
Dawes Severalty Act of 1887
dissolved many tribes as legal entities, wiped out tribal ownership of land, set up individual Indian family heads with 160 free acres
Homestead Act of 1862
allowed a settler to qcquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for 6 yrs, improving it, and paying a nominal fee of about $30
Hatch Act of 1887
extended Morrill ACt and provided federal funds for the establishment of agricultural experiment stations in connection with land grant colleges
goal of the Grange
to enhance the lives of isolate farmers through social, educational, and fraternal activites
Comstock Law
censored "immoral" material from the public (caused by gossip mags)
Grange Laws
held the idea of public control of private business for the general welfare
18th amendment
national prohibition amendment
Populist party
called for nationalizing the railroads, telephones, and telegraph; instituting a graduated income tax, created new federal subtreasury (scheme to provide farms with loams for crips stored in gov-owned warehouses), free & unlimited coinage of silver
Dawes Severalty Act of 1887
dissolved many tribes as legal entities, wiped out tribal ownership of land, set up individual Indian family heads with 160 free acres
Coxey's Army & Pullman Strike
wanted gov to relieve unemployment by an inflationary public works system
Homestead Act of 1862
allowed a settler to qcquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for 6 yrs, improving it, and paying a nominal fee of about $30
Dingley Tariff Bill
proposed new high tariff rates to generate enough revenue to cover the annual Treasury deficits
goal of the Grange
to enhance the lives of isolate farmers through social, educational, and fraternal activites
Gold Standard of 1900
provided that paper currency be reedeemed freely in gold
Grange Laws
held the idea of public control of private business for the general welfare
The Influence of Sea Power upon History by Cpt. Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that ___
control of the sea was the key to word dominance
Populist party
called for nationalizing the railroads, telephones, and telegraph; instituting a graduated income tax, created new federal subtreasury (scheme to provide farms with loams for crips stored in gov-owned warehouses), free & unlimited coinage of silver
The Great Rapprochement
between U.S. and Britain (after Brit rejected relevance of Monroe Doctrine)Brit decided to not go to war
Coxey's Army & Pullman Strike
wanted gov to relieve unemployment by an inflationary public works system
yellow journalism
William R. Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer, made conditions in Cuba more than they were
Dingley Tariff Bill
proposed new high tariff rates to generate enough revenue to cover the annual Treasury deficits
Dupuy de Lome letter
Hearst's Journal published private letter de Lome which degraded McKinley so he resigned
Gold Standard of 1900
provided that paper currency be reedeemed freely in gold
The Influence of Sea Power upon History by Cpt. Alfred Thayer Mahan argued that ___
control of the sea was the key to word dominance
The Great Rapprochement
between U.S. and Britain (after Brit rejected relevance of Monroe Doctrine)Brit decided to not go to war
yellow journalism
William R. Hearst, Joseph Pulitzer, made conditions in Cuba more than they were
Dupuy de Lome letter
Hearst's Journal published private letter de Lome which degraded McKinley so he resigned
Teller Amendment
proclaimed that when the US had overthrown Spanish misrule, it would give Cubans their freedom
attack in Manila
Commodore Dewey went to Phillipines and attacked and destroyed Spanish fleet at Manila
"Rough Riders"
regiment of voluneteers made up of cowboys and ex-athletes led by Roosevelt
Foraker ACt of 1900
Congress gave Puerto Ricans a limited degree of popular government and granted thm U.S. citizenship
Platt Amendment
decreed that the US might intervene with troops in Cuba in order to resotre order and proved mutual protection; promised to sell or lease needed coaling/naval stations to the US