Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which bureaucrats are appointed?
15 cabinet secretaries and the heads of independent agencies are appointed by the president w/ consent of Senate
How is the military controlled by civilians?
each of the 5 military services has a unifromed chief of staff- they work together as the Joint Chiefs of Staff (w/ a chairman) and along with the Secretary of Defense (must be a civilian) report to the president
Are politicians accurate about the bureaucracy?
not really since the bureaucracy is of average size compared with other countries when taken as a percentage of the population
Who is at the top of each of the 15 Departments pyramids?
the secretary of the department (appointed by Pres., confirmed by Senate), and then the undersecretary (appointed by pres. but not confirmed by Senate- used as a steppingstone to better positions in private businesses)
Who is below undersecretaries?
personnel of the Senior Executive Service (both appointees and non-appointees, don't need Senate confirmation), supposed to be responsive to White House policy
What are the departments broken down into?
smaller units called bureaus, offices, or services- deal w/ a particular clientele or a specific subject (ex. The Federal Aviation Administration in the Department of Transportation)
What are government corporations?
hybrids between a private business corporation and a government agency, supposed to be able to earn enough to support themselves (Amtrak is an exception), the post office is now a gov. corp. but it was a cabinet position
What are independent agencies?
run-of-the-mill bureaucracies w/ broad presidential oversight
What are (independent)regulatory agencies?
they are given an extraordinary degree of independence to act as watchdogs over the federal government
What are quasi-legislative agencies?
independent agencies who have the responsibility for filling in gaps in legislation caused by limited knowledge of the technicalities of the issue and writing rules
What are quasi-judicial agencies?
agencies responsible for rule enforcement and punishing violators
What are some examples of regulatory agencies?
The Federal Trade Commission (prevents fraud in marketplace), The Securities and Exchange Commission (regulates stock markets and polices corporations so they don't lie about profits)
What are some more examples of regulatory agencies?
The Food and Drug Administration (responsible for ensuring health of Americans by inspecting food supply), The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (ensures workers are in a safe environment)
Who runs regulatory agencies?
they are run by panels of administrators called Boards of Commissioners, commissioners are appointed by the president w/ Senate consent w/ terms that overlap the president's
What are iron triangles?
made up of three groups: 1. a particular agency and its lobbyists 2. the congressional committee dealing with that industry 3. the agency taht is affected
What are alliance networks (also called issue networks)?
pro and con coalitions of interest groups, members of Congress, bureaucrats form a close working relationshipo
What is deregulation?
removing government restrictions and regulations, supporters say market competititon is all the regulation that is needed
What is the civil service system?
it fills the majority of government jobs through the competitive system that hires based on merit- the Office of Personnel Management acts as the bureaucracy's hiring agency
What is the Hatch Act of 1939?
it permitted bureaucrats the right to vote, but said they can't actively campaign for candidates, work for parties, or run for office
How was the Hatch Act revised in 1993?
bureaucrats can join political parties, make campaign contributions, display political advertising through buttons and bumper stickers