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15 Cards in this Set

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William Howe
English General who commanded the English forces at Bunker Hill. When it seemed obvious for him to join the NY forces, he joined the main British army for an attack on Philly
Nathaniel Greene
Colonial general who fought the English. Historical significance: Cleared GA and SC of Brit troops
Benedict Arnold
He was an American General during the Rev War (1776). He prevented the Brits from reaching Ticonderoga. Later, in 1778, he tried to help the Brits take West Point and the Hudson River because he was unhappy w/the colonial army, but he was found out and declared a traitor.
John Burgoyne
Brit general who submitted a plan for invading NY. Defeated at Saratoga on Oct 17, 1777. This battle helped to bring France into the war as an ally for the US.
Charles Cornwallis
Brit general who fought in the Seven Years War, and lost battles to GW. Powerful general.
Thomas Paine
Persuasive colonial writer, author of "Common Sense." Radical idea that colonies should set up Amer as independent. His book helped spark the colonists' later rebellion.
Horatio Gates
Colonial general; Victorious in 1777 Battle of Saratoga
Thomas Jefferson
Member of the House of Burgesses, wrote the Declaration of Independence, was PResident of the US.
Patrick Henry
Fiery lawyer during revolutionary war times. Famous for "Give me liberty, or give me death!"
John Jay
First Chief Justice of the US. Helped negotiate the Treaty of Paris w/Brit. Helped Hamilton & Madison write "The Federalist Papers."
Natural Rights Theory
People are born with certain 'natural rights.'
Privateering
Privately owned armed ships specifically authorized by Congress to prey on enemy shipping. There were over a thousand American privateers.
Second Continental Congress
Met in 1775. Took on governmental duties; united all the colonies for the war effort. Elected GW as Commander in Chief. Encouraged all colonies to set themselves up as states. On July 4, 1776 they adopted the Dec of Indep. Ended March 1, 1781 when the Articles of Confederation took over.
Declaration of Independence
Formally approved by Congress on July 4, 1776. Separated Loyalists from Patriots & helped start the Amer Rev by allowing England to hear of the colonists disagreements with British authority.
Treaty of Paris 1783
British recognized the independence of the US. Granted boundaries.