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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Seventeenth century disease-ravaged settlements of the Chesapeake Bay
suffered from malaria, dysentery and typhoid; half of the population didn't live to 20 yrs old; grew slowly because mostly single men came over; weak family ties; by end of 17th century, it starts to grow
tobacco cultivation
many planted tobacco; it wore out the soil; enormous production depressed prices; used indentured servants
indentured servants
promised years of labor for passage to America and would receive "freedom dues" when done
freedom dues
given to indentured servants, usually a few barrels of corn, a suit of clothes, and sometimes a small piece of land
white slaves
indentured servants
Nathaniel Bacon
29 yrs old planter who led rebellion; died of disease
Bacon's Rebellion
rebels were frontiersmen; fell murderously upon the Indians; chased Berkley from capital and burned it down
Middle Passage
transatlantic sea voyage that brought slaves to the new world; forced march to African coast to trek into American interior
ratio between blacks and whites in Virginia and South Carolina in 1750
Virginia: 1:1
So. Carolina: 2:1
slave codes
made blacks and their children the property of their masters for life
slave life in South Carolina
worked on rice and indigo plantations (very demanding); many died; mostly male Africans; horrible heat; "lonely hells"
slave life in Chesapeake region
tobacco is less demanding to pick, more contact with relatives and other slaves because tobacco fields were closer together, slave population reporduced naturally thru women
unique language formed by blacks on islands off so. carolina; corruption of angola; blended english with yoruba, ibo, and hausa
first families of virginia; leaders of the House of Burgess; Lees, Washingtons
small farmers (southern society)
largest social group, tiled their modest plots, had 1 0r 2 slaves, ragged hand-to-mouth existence
head right system
whoever paid the passage of a laborer received the right to aquire 50 acres of land
Anthony Johnson
in Northhampton, he was a slave, bought his freedom then became a slave holder himself
slave religion
became Christians, but fused elements of African and Western traditions and drew their own conclusions from scripture
life expectancy in 17th century new england
added 10 years to their life by migrating from old world (lived to about 70 years old)
William Pjips
Massachusetts govenor who was 1 of 27 children all by the same mother
The Scarlet Letter
basis came from those caught in adultery who were forced to have "A" on all their clothes
moved themselves and families to designated places and set up towns with meeting house and village green
Harvard College
established 8 years after colony's founding; to train boys for the ministry
the college of william and mary
1693, founded 86 years after settlement; 1st college in Virginia
New england town meeting
all adult males met together and would vote on diff issues
new form of sermon that began to be heard from Puritan pulpits; scolded parishoners for wanting piety
Half-Way Covenant
new formula for Church membership; modified the "covenant" or the agreement between Church and its adherents to admit to baptism; weakened the distinction between the "elect" and others
Salem "Witch Hunts" 1692
directed at property owning women because of supersitions and prejudices
"New England Conscrience"
born of the steadfast Puritan heritage; left a legacy of high idealism in the national character and inspired many later reformers
Leisler's Rebellion
New york, animosity between lordly landholders and aspiring merchants; bloody insurgence that rocked NYC from 1689 to 1691
Maryland's Protestant Uprising
resentment against upper class pretensions end of 17th century