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19 Cards in this Set

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Andrew Jackson
President from 1829-1837. Presidency called the Age of the Common Man. Known as the victor of the Battle of New Orleans. Nickname.."Old Hickory" Opposed increasing federal spending and national debt.
John C. Calhoun
First VP of Jackson. advanced the nullification theory. sponsored the Tariff of 1816. Wrote "The South Carolina Exposition", which denounced the recent tariff as unjust and unconstitutional.
Henry Clay
Ran with 3 other candidates (including Jackson) in the '24 election. Used his influences in the House of Representatives for J.Q. Adams to win election.Clay was in turn appointed Secretary of State. Favored Bank. Rival of Jackson and started the Whigs
Daniel Webster
Webster-Hayne debate. Webster insisted that the people and not the states had framed the constitutions. Attacked idea that any state could defy or leave the union.
Denmark Vesey
Free Black. led slave rebellion in Charleston in 1822
common man
the emerging working class and middle class. Jackson was a symbol for the common man
spoils system
The use of public offices as rewards for political party work. Jackson fired all non-democratics in office and replaced them with loyal Democrats
"King Caucus"
a closed door meeting of a political party's leaders in congress. It had been common for candidates to be nomited either by state legislature or by "King Caucus"
Twelfth Amendment
Involving the election of Pres and VPres. 1 clause used in Jackson election..."The House of Representatives must choose among the top three candidates"
Robert Y. Hayne
in Webster-Hayne debate. Condemned the disloyalty of New England during the War of 1812. He acclaimed Calhoun's doctrine of nullification
"Corrupt Bargain"
Adams and Clay were accused of making a "corrupt bargain". Clay used his influences to make J.Q. Adams pres, and Adams appointed Clay to be secretary of state
Tariff of Abominations
Given name by the Southerners. In 1828, Congress passed a new tariff law that satisfied northern manufactures but alienated southern planters.
Nicholas Biddle
Led the BUS. He was corrupt and lent U.S. funds to friends and ised the money of the BUS to bribe people.
Sam Houston
U.S. Senator for Texas, he became the cheif leader and hero of the Texas rebels.
Santa Anna
Dictator of Mexico. In 1835, he wiped out all the local rights and started to raise an army to suppress the upstart Texans. He and 6,000 men kill 200 Texans
Specie Circular
A decree that required all public lands to be purchased with "hard" money. This was a problem for the West. S.C. contributed to the panic of 1837
"Trail of Tears"
U.S. army forced 15,000 Cherokees to leave Georgia. The hardships so great that more than 4,000 Cherokees died on this trek.
"Pet Banks"
Named given to the various state banks that Jackson transfered federal funds into.
"Whig Party"
Name of party for those who supported Clay. Whigs favored Clay's American System (a national bank, federal funding of internal imporovments, a protective tariff). Opposed immorality, vice, and crime, which some blamed on immigrants. Whigs were supported by New Englanders and Mid-Atlantic and Upper-Middle-Western States. Usually by middle-class urban professionals