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13 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
inflammation of the pericardium
PERICARDITIS
thoracic pain caused by a fleeting deficiency in blood delivery to the myocardium
ANGINA PECTORIS
situation in which the heart fails to contract
ASYSTOLE
diagnostic procedure involving passage of a fine catheter through a blood vessel into the heart; blood samples are withdrawn, allowing oxygen content, blood flow, and pressures within the heart to be measured. Findings help to detect valve problems, heart defrmities, and other heart malfunctions
CARDIAC CATHETERIZATION
"concussion of the heart" situation in which a relatively mild blow to the chest causes heart failure and sudden death because it occurs during a vulnerable interal when the heart is repolarizing. Explains those rare instances when youngsters drop dead on the playing field after being hit in the chest by a ball.
COMMOTIO CORDIS
(heart, lung) a life-threatening condition of right-sided heart failure resulting from elevated blood pressure in the pulmonary circuit. Acute cases may developsuddenly due to a pulmonary embolism; chronic cases are usually associated with chronic lung disorders such as emphysema.
COR PULMONALE
inflammation of the endocardium, usually confined to the endocardium of the heart valves. Drug addicts may develop this by injecting themselves with contaminated needles.
ENDOCARDITIS
a heartbeat that is unusually strong, fast, or irregular so that the person becomes aware of it; may be caused by certain drugs, emotional pressures, or heart disorders
HEART PALPITATION
the leading cause of death in young athletes, this condition causes the cardiac muscle cells to enlarge, thickening the heart wall. The heart pumps strongly but doesn't relax well during diastole when the heart is filling.
HYPERTROPHIC CARDIOMYOPATHY (HCM)
valve disorder affecting up to 10% of the population; most often seen in young women.
MITRAL VALVE PROLAPSE
(muscle, heart, inflammation) inflammation of the cardiac muscle layer of the heart
MYOCARDITIS
bursts of atrial contractions with little pause between them
PAROXYSMAL ATRIAL TACHYCARDIA (PAT)
rapid ventricular contractions that are uncoordinated with atrial activity
VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA (VT OR V-TAC)