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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Anatomy
the study of the structure of body parts and the relationship between them

STRUCTURE
Physiology
how the parts of the body work and carry out ther life-sustaining functions

FUNCTION
gross anatomy
the study of larg body structures visible to the naked eye i.e. heart, lungs, kidneys
regional anatomy
all the structures of a particular body region are studied i.e. abdomen, legs,
systemic anatomy
anatomy studied by system
surface anatomy
study of internal body structures as they can be recognized from observing the outer layer of skin of the body
microscopic anatomy
concerns structures too small to be seen without the aid of a microscope
cytology
study of cells
histology
study of tissues
hierarchy of structural organization
atoms, molecules, organelles, cells, tissues, organ level, organ system, organismal level
Slic men r red
12 body systems
skeletal, lympatic, integumentary, cardiovascular, muscular, endocrine, nervous, respiratory, reproductive, excretory, digestive
Connecting systems
cardiovascular blood/vessels

lymphatic lymph/vessels

nervous nerve impulses
movement of matter in and out systems
digestive food, water

respiratory O2, CO2

Excretory wastes
Control of the body systems
endocrine hormones

nervous nerve impulses
support and movement systems
skeletal bones

muscular muscles
protection systems
integumentary barrier

lymphatic immunity
continuity of the species system
reproductive procreation
Directional Terms Z axis

ventral (anterior)
the front (belly side)
posterior (dorsal)
the back of a biped
prone
ventral surface down (face down)
supine
dorsal surface down (face up)
Y axis

superior
above
inferior
below
cephalic (cranial)
head
caudal
tail
X Axis

midline
the line of symmetry (bilateral)

down the middle
medial (mesial)
toward the midline (middle)
lateral
away from the midline (to the side)
ipsilateral
on the same side
contralateral
on opposite side
left
the patient's left
right
the patient's right
indepent of any axis

proximal
close to the trunk
distal
distant from the trunk
superficial
close to the surface
deep
further beneath the surface
visceral
lining the outside of an organ
parietal
lining the inside wall of cavity
intermediate
in between two structures