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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Which statement best describes ateries
Arteries carry blood away from the heart
They branch and diverge
In systemic circulation they carry oxygenated blood
Pulmonary circulation the arteries carry oxygen-poor blood to the lungs
What is the late sign of hypovolemic shock
A sharp drop in blood pressure is a serious and late sign of hypovolemic shock.
Which lymphatic structure drains the right upper extremeties, head and thorax
the right lymph duct.
What cell predonimates at the site of chronic infections
MACROPHAGES are the central actors in the final disposal of cell debris as and acute inflammation subsides, and predominate at sites of prolonged, or chronic inflammation.
The distrubuting arteries are also called
Muscular arteries
What holds the anti-body chain together(the Y structure)
The looping polypeptide chains are linked together at the hinge region by a disulfide bond
(sulfur - sulfur)
Which of the following is not a type of T-Cell.

Types of T-Cells
Helper cells
Killer cells
Suppressor cells
Memory cells
Permitting the exchange of nutrients and gases between the blood and tissue cells is the primary function of
Exchanges berween the blood and tissue cells occur promarily through the gossamer-thin capillary walls.


true capillaries
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT THE FUNCTION OF INFLAMATORY RESPONSE? (KNOW WHAT THE
FUNCTION OF THE INFLALATORY RESPONSE:
A. Prevents the spread of damaging agents to nearby tissues.
B. Disposes of cell debris and pathogens
C. Sets the stage for repair.
10. WHICH TUNIC OF AN ARTERY IS MOST REPOSIBLE FOR MAINTAINING BLOOD PRESSURE AND CONTINUOUS BLOOD CIRCULATION?
. The Tunica Media is the bulkiest layer in arteries, which bear the chief
responsibility for maintaining blood pressure and continuous blood
circulation.
11. THE PROCESS BY WHICH NEUTROPHILS AND WBC ARE ATTRACTED TO THE INFLAMMATORY SITE IS CALLED--------
Chemotaxis.
THE SYSTEM THAT RECONGINES FOREIGN MOLECULES AND ACTS TO IMMOBOLIZE, NUETRALIZE AND DESTROY THEM
Lymphatic system
PULSE PRESSURE IS WHAT?
The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressures
FUNCTION OF THE SLPEEN INCLUDES ALL THOSE BELOW EXCEPT (WHAT IS A FUNCTION OF THE SPLEEN)
A. Extracts aged and defective blood cells and platelets from the blood.
B. Stores some of the breakdown products of red blood cells for later reuse.
C. It is a site of erythrocyte production in the fetus.
D. Stores blood platelets.
E. Provides a site for lymphocyte proliferation and immune surveillance and
response.
WHAT IMMUNOGLOBULIN EXISTS AS A PENTAMER?
A. IgM is a huge antibody, a pentamer constructed from 5 linked monomers.
IN THE DINAMICS OF BLOOD FLOW THROUGH CAPILERIES HYDROSTATIC PRESSURE DOES WHAT
Forces fluids through the capillary walls.
THE ONLY T- CELL THAT CAN DIRECTLY ATTACK AND KILL OTHER CELLS ARE CALLED
A. Natural Killer Cells
18. WHICH IS NOT CLASSIFIED AS A LYMPHATIC STRUCTURE?
(WHAT ORGAN
A. Lymph Nodes
B. Spleen
C. Thymus Gland
D. Tonsils
E. Peyer’s patches of the intestine
19. LYMPH COLLECTING OR PULLING FROM THE LOWER EXTREMINITEIS WILL FIRST GO TO WHERE BEFORE GOING TO THE HEART?
A. Cisterna chili.
ARE RELEASED BY ACTIVEATED T - CELLS AND MACROPHAGES TO MOBILIZE INMMUNE CELLS AND ATTRACT OTHER LEUKOCYTES TO THE AREA. (GLYCOPROTEIN MOLECULES RELEASED BY THE BODY)
A. Cytokines, are the mediators involved in cellular immunity, include hormonelike glycoproteins released by activated T cells and macrophages
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT THE 3 MAIN FACTORS THAT INFLUNECE BLOOD PRESSURE?
3 MAIN FACTORS ARE:
A. Cardiac Output.
B. Peripheral resistance.
C. Blood Volume.
KNOW WHAT DETERMINES OUR ADAPTED INMMUNE SYSTEM TO REGONIZE FOREGIN SUBSTANCES?
A. Humoral immunity or antibody-mediated immunity is provided by antobodies present in the body’s humors or fluids (blood, lymph, ect)
B. Cellular or cell-mediated immunity when lymphocytes defend the body.
23. KNOW SPECIFICALLY WHAT HAPPENS AT THE CAPILLARY LEVEL IN THE BLOOD. (SELECT THE CORRECT STATEMENT ABOUT THE MOVEMENT OF THE MATERIALS OF THE CAPILLARY LEVEL)
A. Feeder arteriale bring blood directly to the capillary bed, a shunt directly connects the feeder arteriale and drainage venule at the opposite end. The capillary bed is where materials are exchanged between blood and tissue cells.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWIING IS CHARACTERITICS OF THE ANTI-BODIES? (SPECIFICALLY THE STRUCURE)
A. Basic structure consists of four looping polypeptide chains linked together by disulfide (sulfur – sulfur) bonds. Two of these chains, the Long (H) heavy chains are identical to each other the other two chains, the (L) light chains, are also identical to each other but half as long.
KNOW WHAT IMMUNOCOMPENTANCE MEANS
A. Able to recognize a specific antigen by binding to it.
It is our genes, not antigens, that determine what specific foreign substances our immune system will be able to recognize and resist.
26. WHICH OF FOLLOWING BLOOD PRESSURE READINGS WOULD BE INDICATIVE AS HYPERTENSION (KNOW THE AGES OF WHAT BP IS SUPPOSED TO BE, AT 30 YOU ARE SUPPOSED TO BE AT..ECT)
A. New Born baby BP is about 90/55
B. Adult BP is about 120/80
C. Old Age BP is about 150/90
NORMAL BLOOD PRESSURE FOR AN ADLUT OF 65 IS……
A. about 150/90
INNATE IMMUNE SYSTEM DEFENCES INLCUDE
A. Complement
WHICH OF FOLLOWING DO NOT INFLUENCE ATERIAL PULSE RATE? --( ACTIVITY, AND EMOTION INFLUENCE IT)
A. Rest
30. HISTOLOGICALY THE -------------IS SQUAMOUS EPETHELIUM SUPPORTED BY SPARES CONNECTIVE TISSUE LAYER.
(WHAT TUNICA IS IT) Page 712
A. The Tunica Interna contains simple squamous epithelium and loose
connective tissue.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WOULD BE CLASSIFIED AS DELAYED HYPERSESITIVITY REACTION
A. the most familiar examples of delayed hypersensitivity reactions are those classified as ALLERGIC CONTACT DERMATITIS, which follow skin contact with poison ivy, some heavy metals (lead, mercury, and other), and certain cosmetic and deodorant chemicals.
GRAFT REJECTION MAY BE CAUSED BY
A. grafts that are not genetically identical such as, Allographs (from same species), or
Xenografts (from another animal species), these cause the immune system to reject the tissue and kill it.
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING IS NOT A BLOOD VESSEL ATTACHED TO THE CIRCLE OF WILLIS? BLOOD VESSELS OF THE CIRCLE OF WILLIS:
A. Anterior Communicating Artery, Anterior Cerebral Artery, Posterior Communicating Artery, Posterior Cerebral Artery, and Basilar Artery.
THROMBUS OR BLOOD CLOT IN THE 1ST BRANCH OF THE ARCH OF THE AORTA WILL AFFECT THE FLOW OF BLOOD TO THE WHAT?
The right head, neck, and upper limb.
Brain
SPECIFIC DEFENCE SYSTEM IS
ADAPTIVE (elite fighting force)
1st LINE OF DENFENCE
SKIN & MUCOSAE (external body membranes)
2nd LINE OF DEFENCE
INFLAMMATION (antimicrobial proteins, phagocytes, and other cells to inhibit the invaders)
NON SPECIFIC DEFENCE SYSTEM
INNATE (inborn always prepared, responding within minutes to protect the body from all foreign substances)