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35 Cards in this Set

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an approach to psychotherapy that, depending on the client's problems, uses techniques from various forms of therapy
eclectic approach
treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and someone seeking to overcome psychological difficulties or achieve personal growth
psychotherapy
therapist's interpretations released previously repressed feelings, allowing the patient to gain self-insight
psychoanalysis
the blocking from consciousness of anxiety-laden material
resistance
the analyst's noting supposed to dream meanings, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight
interpretation
the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships
transference
therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self-insight
psychodynamic theory
a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses
insight therapies
humanistic therapy in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathetic environment to facilitate client's growth
client-centered therapy
empathic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies
active listening
a caring, accepting, nonjudgmental attitude, which Carl Rogers believed would help clients to develop self-awareness and self-acceptance
unconditional positive regard
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
behavior therapy
a behavior therapy procedure that used classical conditioning to evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors
counterconditioning
behavioral techniques that treat anxieties by exposing people to the things they fear and avoid
exposure therapies
a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety-triggering stimuli
systematic desensitization
an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to stimulation of their greatest fears
virtual reality exposure therapy
a type of counterconditioning that associates an unpleasant state with unwanted behavior
aversive conditioning
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn a token of some sort for exhibiting a desired behavior and can later exchange the tokens for various privileges or treats
token economy
therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting; based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and our emotional reactions
cognitive therapy
a popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive therapy with behavior therapy
cognitive-behavioral therapy
therapy that treats the family as a system; views and individual's unwanted behaviors as influenced by, or directed at, other family members
family therapy
the tendency for extreme or unusual scores to fall back towards their average
regression toward the mean
a procedure for statistically combining the results of many different research studies
meta-analysis
clinical decision-making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences
evidence-based practice
prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system
biomedical therapy
the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior
psychopharmacology
drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder
antipsychotic drugs
involuntary movements of the facial muscles, tongue, and limbs; a possible neurotoxic side effect of long-term use of antipsychotic drugs that target certain dopamine receptors
tardive dyskinesia
drugs used to control anxiety and agitation
antianxiety drugs
drugs used to treat depression; also increasingly prescribed for anxiety
antidepressant drugs
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS)
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
psychosurgery
a now-rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollably emotional or violent patients; the procedure cut the nerves connecting the frontal lobes to the emotion-controlling centers of the inner brain
lobotomy
the personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and recover from adversity and even trauma
resilience