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12 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
structuralism
an early school of psychology that used introspection to explore the elemental structure of the human mind
functionalism
a school of psychology that focused on how mental and behavioral processes function -how they enable the organism to adapt, survive, and flourish
Neuroscience Approach
How the body and brain enable emotions, memories, and sensory experiences
Cognitive Approach
How we encode, process, store, and retrieve information
Sociocultural Approach
How behavior and thinking vary across situations and cultures
Behavioral Approach
How we learn observable responses
Psychodynamic Approach
how behavior springs from unconscious drives and conflicts
Evolutionary Approach
How the natural selection of traits promotes the perpetuation of one's genes
Behavior Genetics Approach
How much our genes and our environment influence our individual differences
APA
American Psychological Association: 69 members...
Wilhelm Wundt
Founder of experimental psychology and cognitive psychology -founded psychological lab in 1879
William James
Pioneered educational psychology
-introduced school of structuralism