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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
maintained that personality and ability depend almost entirely on genetic inheritance
Frances Galton
had the theory of evolution, survival of the fittest
Charles Darwin
introspection-psychology became the scientific study of conscious experience rather than science
william wundt
founder of behaviorism-did the study of generalization
john watson
the conditioning subject to be afraid in watson's study on the generalization of fear
little alfred
neofreudian, believed that childhood social not sexual tensions are crucial for personality formation
alfrad adler
people had conscious and unconscious awareness
carl jung
three levels of traits 1.cardinal trai-dominant trait that characterizes your life; 2. central trait-common to all people 3. secondary trait-surfaces in some situations and not in others
gordon allport
rational emotive therapy-focuses on altering client's patterns of irrational thinking to reduce maladaptive behavior and emotions
albert ellis
hierarchy of needs-once met, the higher needs occupy the individual's attention.
albert maslow
humanistic psychology-the theory that emphasizes the unique quality of humans especially their freedom and potential for personal growth
carl rodgers
operant conditioning-techniques to manipulate the consequences of an organism's behavior in order to observe the effects of subsequent behavior
B.F. Skinner
classical conditioning-an unconditional stimulus naturally elicits a reflexive behavior called an unconditional response
Ivan Pavlov
disagreed with skinner, said there is an infinate number of sentences in a language, humans habe the inborn native ability to develop language
noam chompsky
four-stage theory of cognitive development 1.sensorimotor 2. preoperational 3. concrete operational 4. formal operational
Jean Piaget
people evolve through 8 stages over the life span. each stage marked by psychological crisis that involves confronting "who am I"
erik erikson