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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
our awareness of ourselves and our environment
biological rhythms
periodic psychological fluctuations.
circadian rhythms
the biologica lclocks; regular bodily rhythms, (for example, of temperature and wakefulness), that occur on a 24-hour cycle.
REM sleep
rapid eye movement sleep, a recurrting sleep stage during which vivid dreams commonly cocur. Also, known as paradoxical sleep, because the muscles are relaxed, (except for minor tw3itches), but other body systems are active.
alpha waves
the relatively slow brain waves of a relaxed, awake state.
periodic, natural, reversible loss of conscioness - as distince from unconsciousness resulting from a coma, general anesthesia, or hibernation
falso sensory experiences, dsuch as seeing something in the absense of an external visual stimulus.
delta waves
the large, slow brain waves associated with deep sleep
recurring problesm in falling or staying asleep
a sleep disorder characterized by uncontrollable sleep atacks. The sufferer may lapse directly into REM sleep, often an inopprtune times.
sleep apnea
a sleep diorder characterized by temporaray cessations of breathing during sleep and cosequent momentary rewawakenings
night terrors
a sleep disorder characterized by high arousal and an appearance of being terrified; unlike nightmares, night terrors occur during Stage 4 sleep, within 2 or 3 hours of falling asleep, and are seldom remembered
a sequence of images, emotions, and thoughts passing htorugh a sleeping person's mind. Dreams are notable for their hallucinatory imagery, discontinuities, and incongruities, and for hte dreamer's delusionla acceptance of the content and later difficulties remembering it.
manifest content
according to Freud, the remembered story line of a dream, (as dinstincet from its latent content).
latent content
according to ?Freud, the underlying meaning of a dream, (asdistinct from its manifest content). Freud believed that a dream's latent content fucntions as a safety valve.
REM rebound
the tendency for REM sleep to increase following REM sleep deprivation, (created by repeated awakenings during REM sleep).r
a social interaction in which one person, (the hypnotist), suggests to another, (*the subejct), that certain perceptions, feelings, thoughts, or behaviors will spontaneously occur`
posthypnotic amnesia
supposed inability to recall what one experienced during hypnosis; inuced by the hypnotist's suggestion.
posthypnotic suggestion
a suggestion, made during a hypnosis session, to be carried out after the subject is no longer hypnotized; used by some clinicians to help control undesired symptoms and behaviors
a split in consciosness which allows some thoguhts and behaviors to occur simultaneously with others
hidden obeserver
Hilgard's term describing a hypnotized subject's awareness of experiences, suc as pain, that go unreported during hypnosis
psychoactive drug
a chemical substasnce that alters perception and mood
the diminishing effect with regular use of the same dose of a drug, requiring the user to take larger and larger doses before experiencing dthe drug's effect
the discomfort and distresss that follow discontinuing the use of a naddictive drug
physical dependence
a physiological need tfor a drug, marked by unpleasant withdrawal symptoms when the drug is discontinued.
psychological dependence
a psychological need to use a drug, such as to relieve negative emotions
drugs, (such as alcohol, barbituates, and opiates), that reduce neural activity and slow body functions.
drugs, (such as caffeing, nicotine, and the more powerful amphetamines and cocaine), that excite neural activity and speed up body functions
psychedelic, ("mind-manifesting"), drugs, such as LSD, that distort perceptions and evoke sensory images in the absense of sensory input.
drugs that depress the activity of the central nerovous system, reducing anxiety, but impairing memeory and judgment
opium and its derivatives, suhc as morphine and heroin; they depress neural activity, temporarily lessening pain and anxiety
drugs that stimulate neural activity, causein gspeeded-up body functions and associated energy and mood changes
a synthetic stimulant and mild hallucinogen, Produces euphoria and social intimacy, but with short-term health risks and longer-term harm to serotonin-producing neurons and to mood and cognition
a powerful hallucinogenic drug; also known as acid, (lysergic acid diethhylamide)
teh major active ingredient in marijuana; triggers a fvariety of effects, including mild hallucinations