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58 Cards in this Set

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MEMORY
THE WAY WE RECORD EVENTS, INFO, AND SKILLS
FLASHBULB MEMORY
A CLEAR MEMORY OF AN *EMOTIONALLY* SIGNIFICANT MOMENT OR EVENT
ENCODING
THE PROCESS OF BREAKING DOWN INFO THAT WE UNDERSTAND IT; AKA AS THE PROCESS OF GETTING INTO MEMORY FOR STORAGE AND LATER RETRIEVAL
TACTILE
LEARNING BY PLAYING GAMES; POWER POINT FOR PSYCH (LOOKING UP NEW WORDS)
AUDIO
SAYING IT OVER AND OVER AGAIN; LISTENING TO A LECTURE
VISUAL
DRAWING A PICTURE; POWER POINT
STORAGE
THE BRAINS ABILITY TO STORE AND RETAIN INFORMATION OVER TIME
RETRIEVAL
PROCESS IN WHICH MEMORY CAN BE GRABBED WHEN NEEDED; RECALLED
SENSORY MEMORY
THE PART OF MEMORY WHICH IS THE INITIAL CONTACT FOR STIMULI. SENSORY MEMORY IS ONLY CAPABLE OF RETAINING INFORMATION FOR A SHORT PERIOD OF TIME

GRASS SMELL = FOOTBALL
SWEAT PEA = FRESHMEN YEAR
SHORT TERM MEMORY
7 CHUCKS OF INFO PLUS OR MINUS 2; INFORMATION STORED FOR ROUGHLY 30 SECONDS; CAN BE MAINTAINED LONGER WITH REHEARSAL AND BY CONSOLIDATING INTO LONG TERM MEMORY; ALLOWS YOU TO RETAIN A FACT --> DRIVING; VACATION
LONG TERM MEMORY
THE UNLIMITED CAPACITY MEMORY STORE THAT CAN HOLD INFO FOR LENGTHY PERIODS OF TIME; MAY LAST FOR LIFETIME;

THREE TYPES: PROCEDURAL, SEMANTIC, AND EPISODIC
PROCEDURAL MEMORY
MOST BASIC AND PRIMITIVE FORM OF MEMORY; PROCEDURES FOR BASIC ASSOCIATIONS BETWEEN STIMULI AND RESPONSE

EX: RIDING A BIKE, SKATING
SEMANTIC
MEMORY FOR GENERAL MEANINGS AND INFORMATION

ONE OF THREE TYPES OF LONG TERM MEMORY

EX: PROBLEM SOLVING; DATES - HOLIDAYS; PRONOUNS; 9/11 (HISTORIC)
EPISODIC MEMORY
MEMORY OF SPECIFIC EVENTS

TYPE OF LONG TERM, DECLARATIVE MEMORY IN WHICH WE STORE MEMORIES OF PERSONAL EXPERIENCE TIED TO PARTICULAR TIMES AND PLACES

EX: MY VIEW OF PSYCHOLOGY CLASS IS DIFFERENT THAN VOLDY'S :]
AUTOMATIC PROCESSING
THINGS YOU DON'T HAVE TO THINK ABOUT; ENGRAVED IN YOUR MEMORY

EX: WALKING, TALKING
EFFORTFUL PROCESSING
RECALLING INFORMATION AFTER A LONG BREAK
SERIAL POSITION EFFECT
TEND TO REMEMBER THINGS THAT HAPPENED FIRST OR LAST BETTER THAN THOSE IN THE MIDDLE; PRIMACY AND RECENCY
VISUAL ENCODING
ATTACHING A PICTURE WITH MEANING; ENCODING VISUAL IMAGES
ACOUSTIC ENCODING
LEARNING BY HEARING SOMETHING

EX: RHYMING
SEMANTIC ENCODING
KNOWING MEANING OF WORDS

EX: DC - DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA - CAPITAL OF U.S
IMAGERY
MENTAL PICTURES; POWERFUL AID TO EFFORTFUL PROCESSING ESPECIALLY WHEN COMBINED WITH SEMANTIC ENCODING
MNEMONICS
MEMORY AIDS, ESPECIALLY THOSE TECHNIQUES THAT USE VIVID IMAGERY
IONIC MEMORY
HOW YOU VISUALLY REMEMBER THINGS

EX: THE BUTTERFLY IS SITTING ON THE CHAIR WITH A PENCIL
ECHOIC MEMORY
REMEMBERING AUDITORY STIMULI
AMNESIA
THE LOSS OF MEMORY
IMPLICIT MEMORY
RETENTION INDEPENDENT OF CONSCIOUS RECOLLECTION
HIPPOCAMPUS
A NEURAL CENTER LOCATED IN THE LIMBIC SYSTEM THAT HELPS PROCESS EXPLICIT MEMORIES FOR STORAGE
RECALL
A MEASURE OF MEMORY IN WHICH THE PERSON MUST RETRIEVE INFO LEARNED EARLIER;

EX: FILL IN THE BLANK TEST
RECOGNITION
A MEASURE OF MEMORY IN WHICH THE PERSON NEED ONLY IDENTIFY ITEMS PREVIOUSLY LEARNED

EX: M.C. TEST
PRIMING
THE ACTIVATION, OFTEN UNCONSCIOUSLY, OF PARTICULAR ASSOCIATIONS IN MEMORY
DEJA VU
SOMETHING THAT SEEMS LIKE IT HAPPENED BEFORE
MOOD
THE TENDENCY TO RECALL EXPERIENCES THAT ARE CONSISTENT WITH ONE'S CURRENT GOOD OR BAD MOOD
PROCESS OF PRIMING
IDENTIFY ONE OF THE STRANDS THAT LEADS TO THE RETRIEVAL
SPACING EFFECT
LONG TERM RETENTION IS ACHIEVED THROUGH STUDY OR PRACTICE

LONG TERM IS BETTER THAN CRAMMING; SPACE OUT YOUR STUDYING
MOOD CONGRUENT
MOOD EFFECTS MEMORY - GOOD, BAD, ALTERED; DEPENDING ON WHEN QUESTION IS ASKED
THREE SINS OF FORGETTING
ABSENT MIND, TRANSIENCE, BLOCKING (T.O.T)
ABSENT MIND
INATTENTION TO DETAILS/ PROCEDURES; ENCODING FAILURE
TRANSIENCE
STORAGE DECAY OVER TIME; "DON'T USE IT, LOSE IT"
BLOCKING (TIP OF THE TONGUE)
INACCESSIBILITY OF STORED INFO; SOMETHING BLOCKS THE RETRIEVAL PROCESS
MISATTRIBUTION
CONFUSING SOURCE OF INFO; MIXING UP FACTS
SUGGESTIBLITY
LINGERING EFFECTS OF MIS INFO; FALSE MEMORIES DUE TO SUGGESTION (COPS USE THIS)

EX: VOLDY IS A DRUG DEALER, COPS WILL GET LOTS OF MONEY FOR HIM (ETC)
BIAS
CURRENT FEELING MAY HINDER YOUR TRUE OR INITIAL FEELING; DEALS WITH MOOD

EX: FRIEND HASN'T LIED IN 20 BUT DOES ONCE AND YOU GET MAD
PERSISTENCE
THINGS NOT REPRESSED; UNWANTED MEMORIES

EX: RAPE
ENCODING FAILURE
NOT BEING ABLE TO PROCESS INFO INTO MEMORY; SHORT TERM ISN'T ENCODED TO LONG TERM SO WE FORGET IT
STORAGE DECAY
NOT BEING ABLE TO STORE INFORMATION
RETRIEVAL FAILURE
NOT BEING ABLE TO RETRIEVE A MEMORY
MOTIVATED FORGETTING
DESIRE TO FORGET SOMETHING; PEOPLE REVISE THEIR OWN HISTORIES; WHAT YOU ARE
MISINFORMATION
MISLEADING INFORMATION INTO MEMORY
REPRESSION
THE BASIC DEFENSE MECHANISM THAT BANISHES ANXIOUS THOUGHTS OR FEELINGS
RETRO ACTIVE INTERFERENCE
CANNOT RECALL OLD INFO B/C OF NEW LEARNING

EX: I HAVE TROUBLE ON AN EASY VOCAB QUIZ BECAUSE PHYSICS JUST KILLED ME
PRO ACTIVE INTERFERENCE
CANNOT RECALL NEW INFO BECAUSE OF OLD LEARNING

EX: CANNOT RECALL NBC10 BECAUSE OF NBC4
SHALLOW ENCODING
ENCODING FOR SURFACE FEATURES (LESS SUCCESSFUL)
DEEP ENCODING
ENCODING FOR STRUCTURAL RELATIONSHIPS AND MEANING (MORE SUCCESSFUL)
RECOGNITION
DECIDING WHETHER INFO WAS ENCOUNTERED BEFORE
IMPLICIT MEMORY
MEMORY FOR SKILLS AND MOTOR PATTERNS
EXPLICIT MEMORY
MEMORY FOR FACTS, EVENTS, AND MEANINGS
AUTOBIOGRAPHICAL MEMORY
MEMORY FOR EVENTS WITH MEANING FOR THE SELF
DECAY
MEMORY BECOMES ERODED BECAUSE WE HAVE NOT USED IT FOR A WHILE