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75 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
metaphor
comparison of two seemingly unlike things
simile
comparison using like or as
personification
characteristics of humans given to non-humans
synechdoche
a part is used to represent a whole (heads of cattle)
metonymy
substitution of associated word for word itself (skirts = girls)
allusion
reference to well-known being or event
symbol
something that represents a larger idea or image
image
sensory detail
archetype
recurrent image that touches collective subconscious
abstract/concrete imagery
classifications of imagery
motif
recurrent image, idea, or theme in specific piece of literature
verbal irony
say one thing, mean another
dramatic irony
audience knows what character doesn't
situational irony
unexpected result
understatement
making big things seem small
hyperbole
exaggeration
paradox
seeming contradiction- long style
oxymoron
seeming contradiction - short style
litotes
affirmation from negative (student gets 100 on test = "you really should have studied more")
ambiguity
purposeful multiple meanings as in pun and double entendre
diction
word choice
syntax
sentence and phrase structure
antithesis
balancing of contrasting ideas
polysyndeton
stringing a sentence out with conjunctions
anacoluthon
breaking off a sentence...
prallelism
repetition of similar synatical structure
point of view
narrative perspective-- 1st, 2nd, 3rd person
apostrophe
addressing a person/entity not present
analogy
extended comparason of similar things
colloquialism
informal diction (written accents)
alliteration
repetition of consonant sound in initial position
assonance
repetition of a vowel sound
consonance
repetition of consonant sound in any position
euphony
soft, peasing sounds
cacophony
harsh sounds
onomatopoeia
word whose sound suggests meaning (bam!)
metric feet
iamb- a short syllable followed by a long syllable

anapest - two short syllables followed by a long one

spondee- two long syllables, occur as variants within a poem
amphibrach
a long syllable between two short syllables
metric lines
tetrameter- a line consisting of four iambic feet

pentameter- a line of verse consisting of five metrical feet.

hexameter- a literary and poetic form, consisting of six metrical feet per line
stanzas
divisions of poetry into groups of lines
ballad stanza
consists of alternating four- and three-stress lines. Usually only the second and fourth lines rhyme (an abcb pattern)
rhyme scheme
end rhyme expressed alphabetically (abbacdcd)
blank verse
unrhymed iambic pentameter
free verse
poetry with no regular rhyme or rhythm
heroic couplet
two rhymed lines in iambic pentameter; a complete thought
lyric poetry
short verse stressing emotional over story
narrative poetry
verse that tells a story
epic poetry
long story in verse
canto
division of a long poem (like chapter to a novel)
english sonnet
fourteen line poem with three quatrains and a couplet
italian sonnet
fourteen line poem with octave and sestet
epigram
witty poem or saying
epitaph
memorial poem
enjambment
running over of a sentence from one line or stanza to another
refrain
repetition of line or phrase at regular intervals
atmosphere
effect of physical environment
tone
author or speaker's attitude
conflict
interplay of opposing forces
comic relief
a character or event that lightens the narrative
complication
plot reversals
deus ex machina
contrived ending (cop-out end where all conflicts are solved miraculously)
epiphany
sudden awareness or realization
flashback
device to supply background
foreshadowing
hints and coming events
stream of consciousness
thoughts and feelings recorded as they occur
theme
central idea
motif
often-repeated idea or theme
plot
exposition, rising action, climax, falling action
denouement
resolution, outcome replicating thought
in medias res
"in the middle of things" -- when story begins in the middle of an action/conflict/event
round character
complex, multi-faceted, not predictable
flat character
recognizable type, lacks complexity
confidant
protagonist's intimate
foil
character's illuminator through contrast
protagonist
character around which the action is centered