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73 Cards in this Set

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Anapest
A word or phrase containing two unstressed syllables followed by one stressed syllable.

*unabridged, intercede, on the loose
Aphorism
A breif statement which expresses an observation of life, usually intended to be a wise observation
Catastrophe
the scene of a tragedy which includes the death or moral destruction of the protagonist.
Anecdote
A very short tale told by a character in a literary work
Apostrophe
A figure of speech where the speaker talks directly to something nonhuman

*Busy old fool, uruly sun,
Why dost thou thus,
Through windows, and through curtains call on us?
alliteration
repetition of same sounding word beginnings.

*Let us go forth and led the land we love
Antagonist
A person or force which opposes the protagonist in a literary work.
Anacoluthon
lack of grammical sequence
Allegory
A story illustrating an idea or moral principal in which objects take symbolic meaning
Allusion
A reference to another well known work
Ballad
A story in poetic form, often about tragic love and usually sung.

*There is a castle on a cloud,
I like to go there in my sleep
Nobody shouts or speaks too loud,
not in my castle on a cloud.
Ambiguity
A statement which contains two or more meanings


*She slept with him
Assonance
The repition of vowel sounds in a literary work, especially a poem.

*Hear the mellow wedding bells
*From the molden-golden notes
Antistrophe
repitition of the same word or phrase at the end of successive sentances.

*They attacked-without warning. Everyone died-without warning.
I fell to the ground-without warning.
The beat of my heart stopped...without warning
Asyndeton
The lack of conjunctions in a sentance.

*We shall pay any price, bear any burden, meet any hardships, support any friend, to ensure the life of liberty
Blank verse
A poem written in unrhymed iambic pentameter.
*what is the boy now,
who has lost his ball,
what, is he to do? I saw it go
Merrily bouncing, down the street,
and then Merrily over-there it is in
the water!
Analogue
A comparison between two similar things.
Aside
When the character in a drama makes a short speed directly to the audience, and is unheard by the other characters.
Anaphora
Repition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases clauses or lines.

*We shall fight. We shall win. We shall be happy.
Antithesis
Exact opposite
Caesura
A pause within a line of poetry which may or may not affect the metrical count

*know then thyself, persume not god to scan; The proper study of Mankind is man
Character
A person (or anything presented as a person) in a literary work
Characterization
The method a writer uses to reveal the personality of a character.

*ways to do this (1)though the characters actions (2) by what the character says about himself (3)by what others reveal about the character
Climax
The decisive moment in a drama, also considered the turning point.
Conceit
A far fetched similie or metaphor, occurs when the speaker compares to highly dissimilar things.

*I have been studying how I may compare,
this prison where I live unto the world.
Conflict
created by whatever is opposing the protagonist, usually reveals or contributes to the theme of the work
Connotation/Denotation
Connotation-the emotional attachment with the word
Denotation- the literal meaning
*Blue:
connotation= sad lonely
denotation= a color
*Juvinile:
connotation= a mischievious law-breaker
denotation= a youth
Consonance
The repitition of constantant sounds

*We rush into a rain
That rattles double glass
Couplet
A stanza of two lines, usually rhyming

*Had we but world enough and time,
This coyness, lady, were no crime.
Dialogue
The conversation between two characters
Diction
An authors choice of words.

*He was a bad guy like a snake
Diction included-He was a slithering serpent, up to no good
Didactic Literature
Literature designed explicitly to instruct.
*Paint first a cage
with an open door
paint then
something pretty
something simple
something handsome
something useful
for the bird
Elegy
A lyric poem lamenating death
*I have not lost my rings,my purse,
my gold, my gems-my loss is worse,
One that the stoutest heart must move.
My pet, my joy, my little love,
my tiny kitten, my belaud,
I lost, alas, three days ago.
Epic
In literature a major work dealing with an important theme.

*Gone with the wind
Epigraph
A breif quotation that appears at the beginning of a literary work.
Euphemism
A mild word subsituted for another which is too direct.

*"joint" for prision
Exposition
Occurs when the author fills the reader in with background conserning what happened prior to the stories beginning
Figurative language
In literature a way of saying one thing and meaning something else.
Hyperbole
a figure of speech in which an overstatement or exaggeration occurs
Metaphor
when two things are discribed without the use of "like" "as"
mood
the atmosphere created by the word
Oxymoron
A combination of contradictory terms
Paradox
A situation that looks like it contradicts itself but on closer inspection does not.
Personification
to give something nonhuman, human characteristics
Plot
the structure of the story
Protagonist
The hero or central character of the story
Pun
A play on words where a word is used to convey two meanings at the same time
Romanticism
an idealistic way of telling a story
stories containing this are always perfect and end happlily
Similie
Comparing this with the words like or as
Soliloquy
In a drama,a moment when a charcter is alone and speaks his or her thoughts aloud
Sonnet
a lyric poem of fourteen lines whose rhyme scheme is fixed
Symbolism
when an noun (person,place or thing)
represents an idea
Synecdoche
a figure of speech wherein a part of something represents the whole thing.
*the head of a cow might be a subsitute for a whole cow, as in the following statement-
There were fifty head of cattle
Theme
the message of the work
Tone
The authors attitude towards the work
Eulogy
praises the memory of a living or dead person
Aesthetic movement
movement devoted to beauty developed in france
The word "Decadence" refers to this movement
Burlesque
A imitation of people or literary type that by distortion aims to amuse.
Tends to ridicule faults not vices
Chronological Order
When a story is told in the order of beginning to end
Concrete Poems
Poems in which the shape not the words matter
Couplet
Two related lines of poetry often rhymes
Dead metaphor
a metaphor that has lost it's figurative value through overuse
Dipthong
Two syllables that are counted as one
to meet the rhyming requirments
Elision
The elimination of a vowel, constanant or syllable in pronouncation
Emblematic Poems
A poem that takes the shape of what the poem is about.

For example, a poem about a swan, would look like a swan
Epigram
A short poem usually solemn
Existentialism
The writings of this literary movement stress loniless, insecurity, and irrevocablity of human experience.
Expressionism
This literary movement presents life as the author passionately feels it to be, not as it appears on the surface.
Extended Metaphor
when a metaphor becomes long elaberate and complex
Farce
a silly play that is based on a silly plot.
Hubris
a greek word for a characters excessive pride confidence or arragence
Idiom
Something not to be taken seriously
Pathetic Fallacy
A certain kind pf personification that gives objects human emotions