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30 Cards in this Set

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Allusion
A reference in a work of literature to something outside the work, especially to a well-known historical or literary event, person, or work.
Attitude
A speaker's, author's or character's dispostion toward or opinon of a subject.
Alliteration
Repetition of the same sound beginning several words in a sentence.
*Let us go forth to lead the land we love. J.F. Kennedy, Inaugural
Anaphora
The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses or lines.
"I have a dream..."
Antithesis
Opposition or contrast of ideas or words in a balanced or parallel construction.
*Not that I loved Caesar less, but that I loved Rome more. Shakespeare, Julius Ceasar.
Apostrophe
A sudden turn from the general audience to address a specific group or person or personified abstraction absent or present
*for Brutud as you know, was Caesar's angel. Judge, O you gods, how dearly Ceasar loved him. Shakespeare, Julius Caesar
Archaism
use of an older or absolete form
Assonance
Repetition of the same sound in words close to each other
*thy kingdom come, thy will be done.
Cacophony
Harsh joining of sounds
Chiasmus
two corresponding pairs arranged not in parallels (a-b-a-b) but in inverted order (a-b-b-a).
*Those gallant men will remain often in my thoughts and in my prayers alwyas. Macarthur
Climax
arrangement of words, phrases, or clauses in an order of ascending power.
Euphemism
Substitution of an agreeable for an objectionable word
*Jaime was laid off yesterday
Hyperbole
Exageration for emphasis or for rhetorical effect.
*The whole world knew her secret
Irony
Expression of something which is contrary to the intended meaning; the words say one thing but mean another.
Litotes
understatement
*one nuclear bomb can ruin your whole day.
Metaphor
Implied comparison achieved through a figurative use of words; the word is used not in its literal sense, but in one analagous to it.
Metonymy
Substitution of one word for another which it suggests.
*The pen is mightier than the sword.
Onomatopoeia
use of words to imitate natural sounds.
Oxymoron
apparent paradox achieved by the juxtaposition of words which seem to contradict one another
Paradox
an assertion seemingly opposed to common sense but that may yet have some truth in it.
*What a pity that youth must be wasted on the young. George Bernard Shaw
Personification
Attribution of personality to an impersonal thing
Simile
An explicit comparisoin between two things using 'like' or 'as'
Synecdoche
understanding one thing with another, the use of a part for the whole, or the whole for the part(A form of metonymy)
*Give us this day our daily bread. Matthew 6
Tautology
repetition of an idea in a different word, phrase, or sentence
*with malice toward none, with charity for all. Lincoln, Second Inaugural
parody
A work that imitates anothe for comic effect
Satire
Writing that seeks to arouse a reader's disapporval of an object by ridicule. Usually exposes errors.
Fable or Parable
A short allegorical story that illustrates a moral
Setting
Background of the story; time and place
Theme
Teh main or underlying meaning of a work of art
Tone
The author's attitude toward his work