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72 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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accent
stressed part of a word
allegory
extended narrative in which characters/events/settings represent abstract with a second, underlying meaning
The Chronicles of Narnia, Pilgrim's Progress, Animal Farm, ____ of the Cave
alliteration
repetition of beginning consonant sounds in words close to one another
Spiro Agnew's alarming alliterative allegations, like "nattering nabobs of negativism"
allusion
reference to another work/person well known enough to be recognised
AKA reference
anachronism
event/custom/object/person/thing out of order in time, whether deliberate or unintentional
when an actor of Shakespeare forgets to take off his watch
Mark Twain's "A Connecticut Yankee in King Arthur's Court"
analogy
comparison of two similar but different things to clarify a relationship/action
heart:pump
anecdote
short, simple narrative of an incident
a story you'd tell to tell to entertain friends
aphorism
short, witty statement of a truth/principle about life
"A penny saved is a penny earned"
apostrophe
in poetry/prose, calls out to an imaginary/dead/absent person/place/thing/abstraction to begin/make a dramatic break in thought
aside
a brief speech/comment an actor makes to the audience without the other characters hearing. for melodramatic/comedic effect
not a soliloquy
assonance
repetition of vowels sounds
neigh/fade
Esther Creswell
ballad
long narrative poem presenting a single dramatic episode, often tragic/violent
two types: folk and literary, one passed down orally in song as part of a cultural tradition, the other for art to imitate the original kind
blank verse
poetry written in unrhymed iambic pentameter
favourite form used by shakespeare
burlesque
broad parody of an entire style/form that exaggerates it into ridiculousness
cacophony
harsh/awkward/dissonant sounds used deliberately in poetry/prose
opposite of euphony
caricature
descriptive writing that greatly exaggerates a specific feature/facet of appearance/personality
catharsis
emotional release an audience experiences from watching a tragedy
chorus
group of characters in Greek drama who comment on the action
classicism
principles/styles admired in classic Greek/Roman literature, like objectivity/sensibility/restraint/formality
colloquialism
word/phrase used in everyday conversation and informal writing
AKA vernacular
conceit
an elaborate figure of speech in which 2 seemingly dissimilar things/situations are compared
consonance
repetition of consonant sounds before and after vowels
boost/best
fulfill
ping-pong
conundrum
riddle with a pun for an answer
paradox, difficult problem
description
picturing in words of something/one through detailed images of color/motion/sound/taste/smell/touch
1 of the 4 modes of discourse
diction
word choice
AKA syntax
discourse
spoken/written language such as literary works
4 modes of it: description, exposition, narration, persuasion
remember: "pendex"
dissonance
grating/harsh sounds or sounds that don't go together
AKA cacophony
elegy
formal poem on death/mortality often begun by someone's recent death
end rhyme
rhyme that comes at the end of lines of poetry
epic
long narrative poem about a serious/profound subject in dignified style. usually has heroic characters, legendary deeds
the "Iliad" and the "Odyssey" by Homer
epigram
conscise, witty saying in poetry/prose that stands alone/is part of a larger work. OR a type of short poem
similar to aphorism
euphony
succession of harmonious sounds in poetry/prose
opposite of cacophony/dissonance
exemplum
brief tale used in medieval times to illustrate a sermon/teach a lesson
the Parson's tale in Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales"
exposition
immediate revelation to audience of setting/background info needed to understand the plot
1 of 4 modes of discourse
farce
light, dramatic composition characterized by broad satirical comedy & improbable plot
similar to parody, burlesque, caricature, satire
figurative language
devices used to create associations that are imaginative, not literal
contains figures of speech (like similes, metaphors, personifications)
foil
character who, by contrast, highlights the characteristics of another character
folklore
traditional stories/songs/dances/customspreserved among a people. usually precedes literature, passed down orally thru generations until scholars record it
foot
combination of stressed & unstressed syllables that makes up the basic rythmic unit of poetry
common ones:
i-AMB
TRO-chee
dact-yl-(Y)
ana-PEST
SPON-DEE
foreshadowing
hint/clue to suggest a larger event occurring later in the work
free verse
poetry written w/out regular meter & usually w/out ryhme
not to be confused with blank verse
genre
type of literary work
novel
poem
sub___s: science fiction novel, sonnet
gothic
type of novel from the 1700s using mystery, suspense, & sensational/supernatural occurrences to evoke terror
hubris
excessive pride/ambition leading a tragic hero to warning of doom, causing their downfall
a common tragic flaw
humor
causes laughter/amusement OR a term temperament (before end of renaissance)
hahahaha

black bile-melancholy
yellow bile-choleric
phlegm-phlegmatic
blood-sanguine
hyperbole
deliberate exaggeration for humor/emphasis
idyll
short descriptive narrative/poem about idealized country life
AKA pastoral
imagery
words/phrases appealing to a/the sense(s) to create a mental picture
interior monologue
writing recording the conversation occurring in a character's head
internal rhyme
rhyme occurring w/in a line of poetry
Poe's "The Raven"
Once upon a midnight dreary, while I pondered, weak and weary
Over many a quaint and curious volume of forgotten lore
While I nodded, nearly napping, suddenly there came a tapping,
As of some one gently rapping, rapping at my chamber door
inversion
reversing the customary order of elements in a sentence/phrase
-when posing a question
-in bad poetry
irony
situation/statement in which the actual outcome/meaning is opposite to what's expected
loose sentence
sentence that's grammatically complete before it ends
"She played the violin(.) with intensity...."
lyric
type of melodious, imaginative, subjective poetry usually short & personal & expressing a speaker's thoughts/feelings, no t a story
metaphor
one thing is referred to as another
a figure of speech
"my love is a fragile flower"
meter
repetition of a regular rythmic unit in a line of poetry
see foot
three feet=trimeter
six feet=hexameter
etc.
metonymy
uses the name of an object/person/idea to represent something with which it's associated
a figure of speech
the monarch-"the crown"
mode
method/form of a literary work OR manner in which a lit work is written
mood
primary emotional attitude of a work
similar to tone
myth
a story that once served to explain the orign of life/religous beliefs/forces of nature as supernatural occurrences. in a system of narratives set in an imaginary world.
narration
telling a story in fiction/onofiction/poetry/drama
1 of the 4 modes of discourse
naturalism
literary movement that grew of of realism in France/US/England in the late 1800s/early 1900s. portrays humans as having no free will, driven by natural forces of heredity/environment/animalistic urges over which they have no control
"The Awakening"
objectivity
impersonal presentation of events/characters
ode
long lyric poem, usually w/ serious/elevated tone & written to praise someone/thing
onomatopoeia
use of words that sound like what they mean
hiss
boom
oxymoron
composed of contradictory words/phrases
a figure of speech
a wise fool
parable
short tale that teaches a moral
Aesop's ____
Jesus had them too.

shorter than an allegory, but similar
paradox
statement that seems to contradict itself but turns out to have rational meaning
Thoreau- "I never found the companion that was so companionable as solitude."
parallelism
technique of arranging words/phrase/clauses/larger structures by placing them side by side & making them similar in form
parody
work that ridicules the style of another work by imitating & exaggerating its elements
done to a SPECIFIC work, not an entire genre/style
periodic sentence
sentence that is not complete until its last phrase
"Despite his hatred.........he still cared."
personification
attribution of human qualities to a nonhuman/inanimate object
a figure of speech