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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
anatomy
study of body structure
physiology
study of body function
gross anatomy
macroscopic, visible without a microscope
microscopic anatomy
can only be seen with microscope
surface anatomy
general form and superficial markings
regional anatomy
superficial and internal features
systemic anatomy
structure of major organ systems
developmental anatomy
changes in form from conception to physical maturity
clinical anatomy
The practical application of anatomical knowledge to diagnosis and treatment.
cytology
internal structure of cells
histology
tissues
cell physiology
functions of cells
special physiology
functions of specific organs
systemic physiology
function of secific organ systems
pathophysiology
effects of disease on organ or system functions
4 roles of water in the body
solvent (transport)
lubrication
thermoregulation
reactivity
acid
dissociates in water and releases hydrogen ions
base
dissociates in water and releases hydroxyl groups
remove H+ from solution
salt
dissociates in water into cations and anions
pH
measurement of H+ concentration
blood pH range
7.35-7.45
monosaccharide
3-7 C simple sugar (carbohydrate)
disaccharide
2 monosaccharides bonded by way of dehydration synthesis
broken by way of hydrolysis
glucose
monosaccharide
fructose
monosaccharide
sucrose
disaccharide
dehydration synthesis
a way of bondingtwo atoms together with the loss of a water molecule
polysaccharide
complex sugar
glycogen
polysaccharide stored in liver and skeletal muscle
2 types of fatty acids
saturated

unsaturated
lipids
fatty acids
eicosanoids
triglycerides
phospholipids
steroids
carbohydrates
monosaccharides
disaccharides
polysaccharides
prostaglandin
eicosanoid
causes pain, triggers childbirth
cholesterol
steroid
functions of proteins
support - hair
movement - muscle protein
transport - hemoglobin
buffering
metabolic regulation - enzymes
coordination and control - hormones
defense - antibodies
hemoglobin
transport protein in blood
amino acid
building block of proteins
peptide bond
binds AA's together
nucleic acids
deoxyribonucleic acid
ribonucleic acid
nucleotides
building blocks of nucleic acids
ATP
adenosine triphosphate
type of RNA
plasmalemma
cell membrane