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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
allegory
an extended narrative in prose or verse in which characters, events, and settings represent abstract ideas
anaphora
repetition of a word, phrase, or clause at the beginning of two or more sentences in a row
antithesis
the presentation of two contrasting images

"To be or not to be."
aphorism
a short, often witty statement of a principle or a truth about life
assonace
repetition of vowel sounds between different consonants
asyndeton
commas used with no conjuction to seperate a series of words

X,Y,Z
cacophony
harsh, awkward, or dissonant sounds used deliberately
caricature
descriptive writing that greatly exaggerates a specific feature of a person's appearance or a faced of personality
denotation
literal meaning of a word as defined
discourse
spoken or written language, including literary works

four main: description, exposition, narration, and persuasion
epigraph
the use of a quotation at the beginning of a work that hints at its theme
euphony
a succession of harmonious sounds used in poetry or prose
explication
the art of interpreting or discovering the meaning of a text
exposition
the immediate revelation to the audience of the setting and other background information necessary for understanding the plot
freight-train
sentence consisting of three or more very short independent clauses joined by conjuctions
metonymy
a figure of speech that uses the name of an object, person, or idea to represent something with which it is associated, such as using "the crown" to refer to a monarch
non-sequitur
"it does not follow"

when one statement isn't logically connected to another
objectivity
an impersonal presentation of events and characters
omniscient
third person narrator

"he" "she" "they"
limited omniscient
a third person narrator who reports the thoughts of only one character and generally only what that one character sees
objective
a third person narrator who only reports what would be visible to a camera
polysyndeton
sentence which uses and or another conjunction with no commas to seperate the items in a series

X and Y and Z
protagonist
the main character of a literary work
Red Herring
Reductio ad Absurdum
when a writer raises an irrelevant issue to draw attention away from the real issue the Latin for "to reduce to the absurd"
syllogism
a form of reasoning in which two statements are made and a conclusion is drawn from them
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part of something is used to represent a whoe, such as using "boards" to mean a stage or "wheels" to mean a car
syntactic fluency
ability to create a variety of sentence structures, appropriately complex and /or simple and varied in length
syntactic permutation
sentence structures that are extraordinarily complex and involved. they are often difficult for a reader to follow
tricolon
sentence consisting of three parts of equal importance and lenght, usually three independent clauses
voice
refers to two different areas of writing
1. relationship between a sentence's subject and verb (active and passive voice)
2. the total "sound" of a writer's style