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128 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Characterized by confusion, memory failure, disorientation, restlessness, delusions and speech and movement.
Alzheimer's Disease

INDICATED
Episodes of severe intense anxiety and panic.
Anxiety Disorders

INDICATED
Unilateral facial paralysis of sudden onset resulting from inflammation of cranial nerve (VII) Facial Nerve
Bell's Palsy

INDICATED
Mood disorder in which both depressive and manic episodes occur.
Bipolar Disorder

INDICATED
Repetitive stress injury caused by compression of median nerve by transverse carpal ligament.
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

LOCAL CONTRAINDICATED
Partial or complete lack of transparency in the lens or lens capsule of the eye that can impair vision or cause blindness.
Cataract

INDICATED
Motor disorders resulting in loss of muscle control.
Cerebral Palsy

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
Cognitive disorder resulting in personality disintergration, disorientation, and general loss of cognitive abilities.
Dementia

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
Mood disorder resulting in deep sadness, despair, pessimism, low self-esteem, withdrawal from personal contact, decreased energy, sleep and eating disturbances.
Depression

INDICATED
Inflammation of the brain caused by disease, hemorrhage, poisoning or other conditions.
Encephalitis

CONTRAINDICATED
Caused by injury to upper brachial plexus, resulting in paralysis of the arm.
Erb's Palsy

INDICATED
Elevated pressure within one or both eyes caused by an obstruction of the outflow of aqueous humor.
Glaucoma

INDICATED
Rapidly progressive peripheral nerve paralysis.
Guillain-Barre' Syndrome

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
Degeneration of motor neurons resulting in weakness and muscle atrophy of hands, forearms, legs.
Lou Gehrig's Disease

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
Progressive deterioration of the retinal maculae.
Mascular Degeneration

INDICATED
Infection or inflammation of the meninges.
Meningitis

CONTRAINDICATED
Autoimmune disorder that causes destruction of the myelin sheaths.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

CONTRAINDICATED DURING FLARE-UPS
Autoimmune disorder resulting in loss or impairment of ACh receptors.
Myasthenia Gravis

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
Nerve Impingement.
Nerve Compression

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
Dysfunction caused by pressure from adjacent soft tissues.
Nerve Entrapment

INDICATED
Degeneration of the PNS.
Neuropathy

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
Anxiety disorder characterized by emotionally constricted mannerisms that are overly conventional and rigid.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder

INDICATED
Loss of muscle function and/or sensation due to injury, illness or poisoning.
Paralysis

INDICATED
Progressive neurological disease caused by destruction of dopamine-producing neurons and depletion of dopamine.
Parkinson's Disease

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
Inflammation of the conjunctiva of the eye caused by infection, allergy or debris.
Pinkeye

CONTRAINDICATED
Infectious disease caused by one of three viruses.
Poliomyelitis (Polio)

INDICATED
Complex disorder affecting limbs; caused by trauma.
Reflex Sympathetic Dystrophy (RSD)

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
Caused by inflammation of the sciaic nerve.
Sciatica

INDICATED
Presence of abnormal and irregular discharges of cerebral electrical activity.
Seizure Disorders (Epilepsy)

INDICATED
Congenital defect, involves lack of bone development in the lamina (Posterior vertebra arch).
Spina Bifida

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
A blockage of cerebral blood vessels, resulting in ischemia of brain tissue.
Stroke

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT
Use of a mood or behavior-altering substance that results in distress or impairment.
Substance Abuse

INDICATED
Caused by compression of the brachial nerve, often between clavicle and first rib.
Thoracic Outlet Syndrome (TOS)

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT IF CAUSED BY NERVE COMPRESSION
Excruciating episodic pain in the areas supplied by the trigeminal nerve, or cranial nerve (V).
Trigeminal Neuralgia

PHYSICIAN'S CONSENT IF SYMPTOMS ARE SEVERE
Reduction in oxygen-carrying capacity of blood.
ANEMIA

INDICATED
Weakened section of a blood vessel that bulges outward.
ANEURISM

PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE
Constriction of coronary arteries and myocardial anoxia.
ANGINA PECTORIS

INDICATED
Hardening of arteries.
ARTERIOSCLEROSIS

PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE
Narrowing of arteries.
ATHEROSCLEROSIS

PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE
Narrowing of arteries reducing blood flow to heart.
CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE

PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE
Blood clot, air bubble or debris transported in bloodstream.
EMBOLISM

PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE
Abnormal heart sounds caused by problems with the heart valves.
HEART MURMUR

PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE
A localized collection of blood trapped in tissues of organs, body space or skin.
HEMATOMA

LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION
Elevated blood pressure.
HYPERTENSION

CONTRAINDICATED IF NOT CONTROLLED
Dilation of extracranial blood vessels.
MIGRAINE AND CLUSTER HEADACHES

CONTRAINDICATED IF HAVING A ATTACK
Numbness, pain and elevated blood pressure affecting both blood and lymph vessels.
PERIPHERAL VASCULAR DISEASE

LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION IF SYMPTOMS ARE SEVERE
Inflammation of the veins often accompanied by blood clot.
PHLEBITIS

LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION
Periodic vasospasm in vessels of the extremities.
RAYNAUD'S SYNDROME

INDICATED
Abnormally shaped hemoglobin which reduces oxygen supplid to tissues.
SICKLE CELL DISEASE

PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE
Permanent dilation of capillaries, venules or arterioles.
TELANGIECTASIA

INDICATED
Thrombus formation in an unbroken blood vessel.
THROMBOPHLEBITIS

LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION
Event of temporary cerebral dysfunction caused by ischemia or reduced blood flow.
TIA

PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE
Characterized by an array of opportunistic infections and a low T-Cell count.
AIDS

INDICATED
Immune system hypersensitivity and overreaction to otherwise harmless agents.
ALLERGIES

INDICATED
Characterized by the onset of disabling fatigue, sometimes after viral infection, often accompanied by influenza-like symptoms such as low-grade fever, sore throat and headache.
CHRONIC FATIGUE SYNDROME

INDICATED
An abnormal accumulation of interstitial fluid tissues.
EDEMA

CONTAINDICATED IF CLIENT HAS HISTORY OF HEART OR KIDNEY DISEASE OR IF CAUSED BY CONTRAINDICATED DISEASE.
Autoimmune, inflammatory disease of the connective tissues.
LUPUS ERYTHEMATOSUS

CONTRAINDICATED DURING FLARE-UPS
Acute viral infection that results from Epstein-Barr virus.
MONONUCLEOSIS

CONTRAINDICATED
• Chronic inflammatory disorder
• Smooth muscles of smaller bronchi and bronchioles spasm to close
• Causes labored breathing
• May be brought on by exercise, stress, infections or allergens
Asthma

INDICATED
(Make sure client has inhaler handy)
• Inflammation of bronchial mucosa
• Bronchial tubes swell and extra mucus is produced
• Acute version is caused by upper respiratory tract infections
• Chronic version creates copious amounts of mucus and productive cough for up to 3 months
Bronchitis

CONTRAINDICATED W/ FEVER OR INFECTION
• Eventually destroys alveoli and reduces gas exchange
• Also destroys respiratory cilia then the body produces excess mucus and the individual tends to be sick more often because excess mucus breeds bacteria
• Teens may never develop completely mature lungs
Smoking

INDICATED
• Group of disorders (asthma, emphysema, cystic fibrosis, pneumoconiosis an chronicbronchitis)
• Characterized by persistent or recurring obstruction of airflow
• Individual is unable to breathe freely
• Pathological Conditions of the Respiratory System
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

INDICATED
• Acute Inflammation of mucosa of upper respiratory tract
• Usually confined to the nose and throat
• Symptoms include: coughing, sneezing, watery eyes,nasal congestion and discharge, sore throat and hoarseness
• May be accompanied by fever and chills
Common Cold

CONTRAINDICATED 2-3 DAYS AFTER COLD STARTS
• Involves over-inflation or destruction of alveoli
• Large air spaces remain filled during expiration
• Usually leads to labored breathing
• Caused by smoking or other air pollution
Emphysema

INDICATED
• Any allergic reaction of the nasal mucosa
• Symptoms: sneezing, swelling, mucous discharge, itching and watering eyes
Hay Fever

CONTRAINDICATED DURING ACUTE ATTACK
• Acute viral infection of respiratory tract
• 3-day incubation period - lasts 3-10 days
• Symptoms: inflamed nasal mucosa & pharynx, fever, chills, head and muscle aches
• Pathological conditions of the Respiratory System
Influenza

CONTRAINDICATED
• Inflammation of the larynx
• Often results in loss of voice
• Caused by infections or irritants
Laryngitis

CONTRAINDICATED IF CAUSED BY A CONTRAINDICATED DISEASE OR INFECTION
• Inflammation of the pleural membrane
• Stabbing pain during breathing
Pleurisy

PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE
• Infection or inflammation of alveoli caused by bacteria
• Alveoli fill with fluid, dead white cells, pus
Pneumonia

CONTRAINDICATED
• Inflammation of the paranasal sinuses
• Swelling of nasal mucosa amy obstruct openings for sinuses to nose
• Causes local tenderness, pain, headaches and fever
Sinusitis

CONTRAINDICATED W/ FEVER
• Chronic lung infection
• Caused by Myobacterium tuberculosis bacteria
• Lungs are primary target but it can also affect liver, bone marrow and the spleen
Tuberculosis

PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE

OR

CONTRAINDICATED WHILE IN INFECTIOUS STATE
• Temporary cessation of breathing while sleeping
• Should position client for comfort
Apnea

INDICATED
Bacterial infection of the hair follicles and associated sebaceous glands.
ACNE
ACNE
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Superficial fungal infection of the foot characterized by discoloration of the skin and a ridge of red tissue.
ATHLETE'S FOOT
ATHLETE'S FOOT
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION

CONTAGIOUS
An abscess that is caused by the staphylococcal bacteria in the dermis or hair follicle.
BOILS
BOILS
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION

CONTAGIOUS
An injury that does not break the skin.
BRUISE
BRUISE
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION

NOT CONTAGIOUS
When heat, radiation, electricity or chemical agents damage the skin, cells perish.
BURNS
BURNS
PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE

NOT CONTAGIOUS
CANCER
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION

NOT CONTAGIOUS
An acute infection of the subcutaneous tissues caused by staphylococci or streptococci bacteria.
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATED if contained to small area.

CONTRAINDICATED

CONTAGIOUS
Skin irritation often due to an allergic reaction when the skin comes into contact with various substances, creating an inflammatory response.
CONTACT DERMATITIS
CONTACT DERMATITIS
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATED if contained to small area.

CONTRAINDICATED
Thickened cone-shaped skin involving the uppermost layer of epidermis.
CORNS OR CALLUSES
CORNS OR CALLUSES
INDICATED

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Caused by local ischemia of tissues that have been subjected to prolonged pressure.
DECUBITUS ULCERS
DECUBITUS ULCERS
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATED

NOT CONTAGIOUS
An acute or chronic inflammatory disorder of the skin characterized by redness, watery discharge, crusting, scaling, itching, and burning.
ECZEMA
ECZEMA
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATED if open, oozing or painful.

NOT CONTAGIOUS
When hair follicles become inflamed.
FOLLICULITIS
FOLLICULITIS
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION

CONTAGIOUS
Viral infection that has the ability to remain dormant within the doral nerve root ganglion corresponding to the site of infection for extended periods without expressing any signs or symptoms of disease.
HERPES SIMPLEX
HERPES SIMPLEX
CONTRAINDICATED

CONTAGIOUS
Inflammatory disorder consisting of localized edema, with developmental wheals.
HIVES
HIVES
CONTRAINDICATED during acute phase.

LOCAL CONTRAINDICATED where wheals are visible.

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Inflammatory skin infection caused by staphylococchi or streptococci bacteria, characterized by raised, fluid-filled sores that itch or burn.
IMPETIGO
IMPETIGO
CONTRAINDICATED

CONTAGIOUS
Parasitic insect that is highly contagious.
LICE
LICE
CONTRAINDICATED

CONTAGIOUS
Age spots, albinism, birthmarks, chloasma, freckles, and vitiligo.
PIGMENTATIONS (SKIN)
PIGMENTATIONS (SKIN)
INDICATED

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Characterized by red, flaky skin elevations covered by thick, dry, silvery scales.
PSORIASIS
PSORIASIS
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATED if painful.

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Characterized by itching, scaling, and sometimes painful lesions exhibited as a raised red-ringed patch.
RINGWORM
RINGWORM
CONTRAINDICATED

CONTAGIOUS
Chronic inflammatory disorder affecting the blood vessels and hair follicles of the face, characterized by persistent redness and swelling.
ROSACEA
ROSACEA
INDICATED

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Infestation caused by parasitic mites that burrow and crawl under the skin's surface.
SCABIES
SCABIES
CONTRAINDICATED

CONTAGIOUS
Tissue that is the result of the healing process.
SCARS
SCARS
PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Autoimmune disorder affecting blood vessels and connective tissue.
SCHLERODERMA
SCHLERODERMA
PHYSICIAN'S CLEARANCE

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Common benign swelling beneath the skin lined by keratinizing epithelium and filled with material composed of sebum and epithelial debris.
SEBACEOUS CYSTS
SEBACEOUS CYSTS
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATED

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Dandruff or cradle cap, is dry,scaly material from the scalp or any excessive scaly material from the skin that may not be associated with disease.
SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS
SEBORRHEIC DERMATITIS
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATED or CONTRAINDICATED if due to contraindicated disease.
Acute infection of the peripheral nervous system caused by the reactivation of a latent herpes zoster (chickenpox) virus.
SHINGLES
SHINGLES
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATION of infected area.

CONTAGIOUS
Tiny flaps of skin.
SKIN TAGS
SKIN TAGS
INDICATED

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Tearing, thinning, or overstretching of skin that actually reduces its thickness.
STRETCH MARKS
STRETCH MARKS
Deep pressure is CONTRAINDICATED.

NOT CONTAGIOUS
Thickening of the epidermis resulting in a mass of cutaneous elevations caused by a contagious virus , papilomavirus.
WARTS
WARTS
LOCAL CONTRAINDICATED

CONTAGIOUS