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80 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rectus Abdominis
Origin: pubis
Insertion: ribs 5-7, xiphoid process
Action: stabilize ab, flex vertebral column
external obliques
O: ribs
I: linea alba
A: stabilize ab, flex/rotate vertebral column
internal obliques
O:lumbar fascia, ilium
I: linea alba
A: stabilize ab, flex/rotate vertebral column
transversus abdominis
O: lumbar fascia, ilium, ribs
I: linea alba, pubis
A: compresses abdomen
external intercostals
O:inferior part of superior rib
I: superior part of inferior rib
A: elevates rib cage
Internal intercostals
O: Superior part of inferior rib
I: inferior part of superior rib
A: depresses rib cage
Diaphragm
O: inferior ribs, sternum
I: central tendon
A: inspiration
trapezius
O: occiptal, nuchal ligament, C2-T12
I: Scapula, clavicle
A: extends head; adducts, elevates, depresses scapula
latissimus dorsi
O: spinous process of T6-L5, ilum
I: humerus
A: extends arm, medially rotates and adducts arm
teres major
O: scapula
I: humerus
A: extends arm, medially rotates and adducts humerus
teres minor
O: scapula
I: humerus
A: laterally rotates humerus, stabilizes shoulder
Infraspinatus
O: scapula
I: humerus
A: laterally rotates humerus, stabilizes shoulder
Supraspinatus
O: scapula
I: humerus
A: abducts humerus, stabilize shoulder
Subscapularis
O: scapula
I: humerus
A: rotates humerus medially, stabilizes shoulder
Levator Scapulae
O: transverse process of C1-C4
I: scapula
A: elevates and adducts scapula; flexes neck
rhomboid major/minor
O: spinous process of C2-T5
I: Scapula
A: retracts scapula
Subclavius
O: 1st rib
I: clavicle
A: depress clavicle
coracobrachialis
O: scapula
I: humerus
A: flex and adduct arm
semispinalis
O: transverse processes of C7-T12
I: occiptal, spinous process of C1-T4
A: extend and rotate head and vertebral column
splenius
O: nuchal ligament, spinous processes, C7-T6
I: mastoid process, occiptal, transverse process of C2-C4
quadratus lumborum
O: ilium and lumbar fascia
I: rib 12 and lubar
A: flexes vertebral column laterally, maintains upright posture
erector spinae
O: ilium, ribs, vertebrae
I: ribs and vertebrae
A: extend, rotates, and laterally flex vertebral column
iliocostalis
O: ilium, ribs 3-12
I: ribs, transverse process C4-C6
A: extend, rotate, laterally flex vertebral column
longissimus
O: transverse processes of C5-L5
I: mastoid process of skull, ribs, transverse processes of C2-T12
A: extend, rotate, nad laterally flex vertebral column
Spinalis
O: spinous processes of T10-L3
I: spinous processes C2-T7
A: extend, rotate, and laterally flex vertebral column
Multifidus
O: transverse process of vertebrae
I: spinous process of next 2-4 cranial vertebra from origin
A: maintains posture
Rotatores
O: transverse process of vertebrae
I: lamina of next cranial vertebra from origin
A: maintain posture
intertransversarius
O: transverse process of vertebrae
I: transverse process of next cranial vertbrae from origin
A: flexes vertebral column laterally
interspinales
O: spinous process of vertebrae
I: spinous process of next cranial vertebra from origin
A: extends vertebral column
gluteus maximus
O: ilum, sacrum, coccyx
I: femur
A: thigh extensor, lateral rotation/abduction of thigh
gluteus medius
O: ilium
I: femur
A: abduction and medial rotation of thigh
Gluteus minimus
O: ilum
I: femur
A: abduction and medial rotation of thigh
quadratus femoris
O: ischium
I: femur
A: lateral fottation of thigh
adductors magnus, longus, brevis
O: pubis, ischial tuberosity
I: femur
A: adducts, medially rotates and flexes thigh
Gracilis
O: pubis
I: tibia
A: adducts thigh, medially rotates and flexes leg
Pectineus
O: pubis
I: femur
A: adducts, medially rotates and flexes thigh
Rectus Femoris
O: acetabulum, iliac spine
I: tibia
A: extends knee and flexes thigh at hip
vastus lateralis
O: femur
I: tibia
A: extends knee
Vastus Medialis
O: femur
I: tibia
A: extends knee
Vastus intermedius
O: femur
I: tibia
A: extends knee
Tensor fasciae latae
O: ilium
I: tibia via iliotibial tract
A: flexes, abducts, and medially rotates thigh
Gastrocnemius
O:femur
I: calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
A: plantar flexes foot, flexes knee
Soleus
O: Tibia and fibula
I: calcaneus via calcaneal tendon
A: plantar flexion
Popliteus
O: femur and lateral meniscus
I: tibia
A: flexes and rotates knee medially
Tibialis posterior
O: tibia and fibula
I: tarsals and metatarsals II-IV
A: foot inversion and plantar flexes foot
flexor digitorum longus
O: tibia
I: distal phalanges II-IV
A: flexes toes, plantar flexes and inverts foot
Biceps femoris
O: femur and ischium
I: fibula and tibia
A: extends thigh, flexes knee, laterally rotates leg
Semitendinosus
O: ischium
I: tibia
A: extends thigh, flexes knee, medially rotaes leg
Semimembranosus
O: ischium
I: tibia
A: extends thigh, flexes knee, medially rotates leg
Iliopsoas-Iliacus and psoas major
O: iliac crest, sacrum, T12-L5
I: femur
A: flex trunk on thigh, flex thigh, lateral flexion of trunk
Sartorius
O: iliac spine
I: tibia
A: flexes, abducts, and laterally rotates thigh, flexes knee
Fibularis longus
O: fibul
I: medial cuneiform and metatarsal I
A: plantar flexes and everts foot
Fibularis brevis
O: fibula
I: metatarsal V
A: plantar flexes and everts foot
Fibularis tertius
O: fibula
I: metatarsal V
A: dorsiflexion, eversion of the foot
Extensor digitorum longus
O: tibia nad fibula
I: middle nad distal phalanges
A: toe extension and dorsiflexion
pectoralis major
O: clavicle, sternum, ribs 1-6
I: humerus
A: flexion, adduction, and medial rotation of arm
Pectoralis minor
O: ribs 3-5
I: scapula
A: draws scapula forward and inferior
Serratus anterior
O: ribs 1-8
I: scapula
A: rotates scapula to raise and abduct arm
Deltoid
O: clavicle, scapula
I: humerus
A: arm abduction
Triceps brachii long head
O: scapula
I: ulna
A: forearm extensor
Triceps brachii lateral head
O: humerus
I: ulna
A: forearm extensor
Triceps brachii medial head
O: humerus
I: ulna
A: forearm extensor
Anconeus
O: humerus
I: ulna
A: forearm extensor
Biceps brachii short head
O: scapula
I: radius
A: forearm flexion and supination
Biceps brachii long head
O: glenoid cavity
I: radius
A: forearm flexion and supination
Brachioradialis
O: humerus
I: radius
A: forearm flexion
Brachialis
O: humerus
I: ulna
A: forearm flexion
Pronator teres
O: humerus and ulna
I: radius
A: pronates forearm
Flexor carpi radialis
O: humerus
I: metacarpals II and III
A: wrist flexion, abducts hand
Palmaris longus
O: humerus
I: palm
A: weak wrist flexion
Flexor carpi ulnaris
O: humerus and ulna
I: metacarpal V and carpals
A: flexes wrist, adducts hand
Flexor digitorum superficialis
O: humerus, ulna, radius
I: middle phalanges II-V
A: flexes wrist and fingers
Flexor digitorum profundus
O: ulna, distal phalanges II-V
I: distal phalanges II-V
A: flexes distal phalanges, wrist flexion
pronator quadratus
O: ulna
I: radius
A: pronates forearm
flexor pollicis longus
O: radius
I: distal phalanx I
A: flex thumb
extensor carpi radialis longus
O: humerus
I: metacarpal II
A: extends and abducts wrist
Extensor carpi radialis brevis
O: humerus
I: metacarpal III
A: extends and abducts wrist
Extensor digitorum
O: humerus
I: distal phalanges II-V
A: finger and wrist extension, finger abduction
Extensor carpi ulnaris
O: humerus and ulna
I: metacarpal V
A: extends and adducts wrist
Supinator
O: humerus and ulna
I: radius
A: supinates forearm