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100 Cards in this Set

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The British economist John Maynard Keynes became famous during the depression of the 1930s because he
A: argued that if private investment funds were idle, government funds must be employed to encourage economic activity and to increase purchasing power
During the interwar years, Britiain struggled with an economic depression because of all of the following except
C: A chronic depression in British agriculture
In 1922, when it displaced the Liberals as the official opposition party, the British Labour Party
D: Committed itself to a gradualist, democratic socialist program
The National government headed by Labour Party leader Ramsay MacDonald coped with the depression by
C:retrenchment, budget balancing, and low-interest loans to business
The bitter 1926 general strike of British coal miners and other workds ended in
D: failure and even a setback for the trade unions, which were put under stricter control
Following a small but savage war against the British in 1919-1920, the Irish Free State became in 1922
B: dominion within the British Commonwealth
According to the 1931 Statute of Westminster, Britain redefined the status of the "dominions" i.e., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa, within the Empire so that
B: They became legally equal with each other and with Britain
Durin the 1920s in France
C: a large scale reconstruction program to repair wartime devastation was undertaken and industrial production rose
In France during riots in February 1934
C: A mob of fascist tendency threatened to storm the Chamber of Deputies and battled with police
The Popular Front was
C:a political coalition of the moderate and extreme left designed to stop fascism
The French Popular Front was overthrown because of discontent over all of the following issues, except
D: Right wing riots in Paris
The future Fascist dictator, Benito Mussolini
D: all of the above
The October 1922 "March of Rome" was
B: the convergence on Rome by groups of Blackshirts, while Mussolini remained in Milan
Mussolini became prime minister of Italy in November 1922
C: After the old cabinet resigned and the king named Mussolini premier
Mussolini and the Fascists came into power in 1922 for all of the following reasons except
D: a big victory in the 1920s election
The British economist John Maynard Keynes became famous during the depression of the 1930s because he
A: argued that if private investment funds were idle, government funds must be employed to encourage economic activity and to increase purchasing power
During the interwar years, Britiain struggled with an economic depression because of all of the following except
C: A chronic depression in British agriculture
In 1922, when it displaced the Liberals as the official opposition party, the British Labour Party
D: Committed itself to a gradualist, democratic socialist program
The National government headed by Labour Party leader Ramsay MacDonald coped with the depression by
C:retrenchment, budget balancing, and low-interest loans to business
The bitter 1926 general strike of British coal miners and other workds ended in
D: failure and even a setback for the trade unions, which were put under stricter control
Following a small but savage war against the British in 1919-1920, the Irish Free State became in 1922
B: dominion within the British Commonwealth
According to the 1931 Statute of Westminster, Britain redefined the status of the "dominions" i.e., Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and South Africa, within the Empire so that
B: They became legally equal with each other and with Britain
Durin the 1920s in France
C: a large scale reconstruction program to repair wartime devastation was undertaken and industrial production rose
In France during riots in February 1934
C: A mob of fascist tendency threatened to storm the Chamber of Deputies and battled with police
The Popular Front was
C:a political coalition of the moderate and extreme left designed to stop fascism
The French Popular Front was overthrown because of discontent over all of the following issues, except
D: Right wing riots in Paris
The future Fascist dictator, Benito Mussolini
D: all of the above
The October 1922 "March of Rome" was
B: the convergence on Rome by groups of Blackshirts, while Mussolini remained in Milan
Mussolini became prime minister of Italy in November 1922
C: After the old cabinet resigned and the king named Mussolini premier
Mussolini and the Fascists came into power in 1922 for all of the following reasons except
D: a big victory in the 1920s election
All of the following are examples of the postwar advance of political democracy except
B: French and Italian women received the right to vote in 1922
Which of the following best characterizes economic conditiions immediately after WWI
C: Both victors and vanquished suffered a sharp economic depression
During the 1920s the chief exception (aside from Russia) to democratic rule in Europe was
B: Italy
In eastern Europe the middle class was small except in
A: Austria and Bohemia
The greatest of the reforms in eastern Europe was the reform of landownership, but it had least success in
C: Poland and Hungary
Eastern European land reform didn't solve basic economic problems
A: Since peasant owners lacked capital and knowledge of the market
Once the kaiser fled in November 1918, the leadership of Germany and of the new Republic was mainly in the hands of
B: The Social Democrats
One reason the German Revolution of 1918 failed to take a radical turn like the Bolshecik Revolution of October 1917 was because
A: the Social Democrats who took power were revistionist Marxists and essentially conservative
In Jan. 1919, who attempted to overthrow the German government and unleash a left-wing revolution?
B: the Spartacists
All of the following were true of the Weimar Republic except
D: the steel and coal industries were nationalized
The ruinous inflation in Germany which took place at the time of the French occupation of the Ruhr in 1923 resulted in
D: All of the above
The Dawes Plan of 1924
A: Reduced German reparations payments
The wartime Allies insisted on reparations payments from BGermany in order to
D: All of the above
As a result of the Locarno treaties of 1925
A: Germany guaranteed the borders of France and Belgium
The 1928 Kellogg- Briand treaty strengthened international harmony by committing sixty-five nations
B: Renounce war as an instrument of national policy
All of the following contributed to causing the Great Depression of the 1930s except
D: Germany refused to pay its reparartions triggering several bnk failures and contributing to the 1929 stock market crash
The Great Depression brought
A: a strong movement toward economic nationalism
All of the following contributed to causing the Great Depression of the 1930s except
D: Germany refused to pay its reparartions triggering several bnk failures and contributing to the 1929 stock market crash
The Great Depression brought
A: a strong movement toward economic nationalism
When the Great Depression struck, Italian Fascism
B: turned to a vigorous program of public works and to increasing economic self-sufficiency
By 1939 the few remaining democracies in Europe included all of the following except
B: Spain and Portugal
"Nazi Party" is an abbreviation for
D: The National Socialist German Workers' Party
Hitler rose to national prominence after the failure of the "beer hall Putsch" of 1923 because
D: all of the above
By the end of the 1920s the Nazi party had
B: Lost its appeal and lost members
In July 1932 the Nazis won their greatest victory in a completely free election thus
C: making the Nazis the largest party in Germany
Hitler came to power in 1933 for all of the following reasons except
D: Terrible inflation developed in the 1930s when the government tried to finance public works through deficit spending
In 1933 the burning of the Reichstag, the building that housed the German parliament was significant because
B: Hitler blamed it on the communitsts, frightening the population just before critical elections
In Germany's last relatively free elections in March 1933 the Nazi party won
C: less than a majority of the vote
During the 1930s, Hitler's economic policy in Germany was
B: to increase government controls over industry while leaving ownership in private hands
All of the following contributed to causing the Great Depression of the 1930s except
D: Germany refused to pay its reparartions triggering several bnk failures and contributing to the 1929 stock market crash
The Great Depression brought
A: a strong movement toward economic nationalism
All of the following contributed to causing the Great Depression of the 1930s except
D: Germany refused to pay its reparartions triggering several bnk failures and contributing to the 1929 stock market crash
The Great Depression brought
A: a strong movement toward economic nationalism
Nazi Germany, as well as Fascist Italy, set up the economic goal of autarky which meant
C: Self-sufficiency: absolute independence from foreign trade
The 20th century system of totalitarianism implies all of the following except
D: the denial of the importance of the nation
One example of how totalitarinism differs from simple dictatorship is
A: a dictator eg Napoleon might engage in negative censorship but a totalitatian ruler would focus on the more positive goal of trying to manufacture the thought of his countr's inhabitants
Napoleon used the peace interim, 1802-1803 to advance his interest by
C: both a and b
In the German speaking states many who had first warmed to the French Revolution but had been disillusioned began to hail_________as the protector of Germans and the hope of the future
A: Alexander I
Since the resumpution in 1803 Napoleon had been making preparations to invade
A: Great Britain
The Holy Roman Empire was finally, formally and irrevocably dissolved in 1806 when Napoleon
D: all of the above
Napoleon replaced the HRE with the
B: Confederation of the Rhine
Bent on subduring the British,even after the French naval disaster at Trafalgar, Napoleon used his political control of the Continent to
D: both b and c
Talleyrand, Napoleon's foreign minister acted as a traitor in his relations with Alexander I
D: all of the above
Clemens von Metternich who conducted in Austria after its defeat in 1809 by Napoleon believed that ______ was the really permanent problem for a state situated in the Danube valley
B: the Russian tsar
territorially, Napoleon's influence enjoyed its farthest reach in 1810 and 1811 when it comprehended the entire European mainland except
B: the Balkan penninsula
Napoleon considered himself a great reformer and man of the Enlightenment. As such he believed in constitutions because he
C: wanted government to be rationally "constituted"
Napoleonic reforms were used as weapons of war. All the dependent states were required by Napoleon to supply him with
D: both a and c
Napoleon had to conciliate the Polish landlords because
B: They were the only effective ruling class in Poland
Napoleonic reforms in Europe
D: all of the above
With all Europe at war after 1803, virtually the only trading neutral was
C: the United States
Eastern Europe was especially hard hit by the Continental System because
D: all of the above
Nationalism developed as a movement of resistance against the forcible_______ of the Napoleonic Empire
B: internationalism
The most momentous national movement during the Napoleonic era took place in
B: Germany
Germans became fascinated by the idea of political unity and national greatness because
A: the had neither
In the eyes of German nationalists ________ had a moral advantage because of all the German states it was the least compromised by collaboration with the French; it therefore became the center of a/an _______ movement for national freedom
C: Prussian,all-German
In 1811, Napoleon could be overthrown only by the destruction of his army. To this end all eyes turned to
A: Alexander I
Napoleon resolved to crush the tsar when Russia formally withdrew from the ___ on December 31,1810
C: Continental System
Of the 611,000 who entered Russia in June 1812 with Napoleon __ died of battle casualties,starvation, and exposure and 100,000 _____
D:400,000, were taken prisoner
Metternich preferred to keep Napoleon or his son as French emperor after clearing the French out of central Europe for a Bonapart dynasty in a reduced France would be
B: dependent of Austria
British Foreign Minister Viscount Castlereagh agreed with Metternich in fearing
A: the domination of Europe by Russia
The "first" Treaty of Paris, signed May 30,1814
D: both a and c
The Congress of Vienna
D: all of the above
The episode following Napoleon's retire frp, Elba, which renewed the dread of revolution, war and agression is called
C: the 100 days
One of the reasons that the French Revolution was so significant was that unlike the revolutions of Russia and China in the 20th century
A: occured in what was in many ways the most advance country of its day
The Old Regime of pre-1789 Europe consisted of 3 "estates"
B: the clergy, the nobility, and everyone else
One reason for middle class resentment of the French aristocracy was that
B: the middle class felt shut out of many government offices and honors
In France the noble owner of a manor retained certain rights from the feudal age including
D: all of the above
In France, on the eve of the revolution, land was
D: about 40% peasant-owned
The major factor in the financial collapse of the French government on the eve of the revolution was
C: war costs
A major reason the French national debt could not be carried was
B: tax exemptions and tax evasion