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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
government
the institution through which a society makes and enforces it spublic policies
public policies
all those things a government decides to do
legislative power
the power to make a law and to frame public policies
executive power
the power to execute, enforce, and administer law
judicial power
the power to interpret laws, to determine their meaning, and to settle disputes that arise within the society
constitution
the body of fundamental laws settnig out the principles, structures, and processes of a government
dictatorship
those who rule cannot be held responsible to the will of the people
democracy
supreme authority rests with the people
state
a body of people, living in a defined territory, organized politically, and with the power to make and enforce law without the consent of any higher authority
sovereign
has supreme and absolute power within its own territory and can decide its own foreign and domestic policies
autocracy
a government in which a single person holds unlimited political power
oligarchy
a government in which the power to rule is held by a small, usually self-appointed elite
unitary government
centralized government
federal government
the powers of government are divided between a central government and several local governments
division of powers
basic principle of federalism; the constitutional provisions by which governmental powers are divided on a geographic basis
confederation
an alliance of independent states. A central organization, the confederate government, only handles those mattera that member states assign to it
presidential government
the executive and legislative branches of the government are seperate, independent of one another, and coequal
parliamentary government
the executive is made up of the prime minister or premier, and that official;s cabinet
compromise
the process of blending and adjusting competing views and interests