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26 Cards in this Set

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Marbury v. Madison
Established the power of Judicial Review so that the Supreme Court could rule the constitutionality of laws and actions.
McCulloch v. Maryland
States cannot tax federal government; allowed the establishment of the national Bank of US.
Gibbons v. Ogden
Declared that Congress could control all interstate commerce.
Dred Scott v. Sanford
Since Dred Scott was a slave, and under the fourth amendment, Sanford was protected from seizure of "property" - Scott remained a slave.
Plessy v. Ferguson
Allowed public institutions to be "separate but equal"
Schenk v. U.S.
Upheld the Espionage Act and limited freedoms, when it presents a "clear and present danger"
Gitlow v. U.S.
Limits freedoms if a person speaks out against government or public welfare.
Brown v. Board of Education
Huge case. Held that separate but equal principle is unconstitutional, overtuned Plessey.
Mapp v. Ohio
Decision is that fourth and fourteenth amendment protect people from unlawful searches and seizures.
Engle v. Vitale
Ruled that people don't have to do a prayer in school and that states cannot force them to.
Gideon v. Wainwright
Gave the guaranteed right to counsel.
Alexander v. Holmes
Basically like Brown v. Board of Education but implemented it more, because desegration wasn't working.
Miranda v. Arizona
Protected defendants from self-incrimination and right to silence.
Tinker v. Des Moines
Students were punished for wearing armbands to school in protest, but courts ruled against school and upheld freedom of expression.
Lemon v. Kurtzman
Declared that freedom of religion was required and that no law can promote or inhibit religion or excessively entangle with religion.
Swann v. mecklenberg SChools
Changing attendance zones and busing students to various schools to create racial balance within the schools is allowed.
Roe v. Wade
Abortion is legal on basis of 4th and 14th amendment.
U.S. v. Nixon
Presidential power is not above law, Nixon was denied being above submitting evidence to Supreme Court.
Buckley v. Valeo
The Court upheld federal limits on campaign contributions and ruled that spending money to influence elections is a form of constitutionally protected free speech.
Regents of CA v. Bakke
In a close 4/4/1 decision, the Court upheld affirmative action.
New Jersey v. T.L.O
School officials need "reasonable suspicion" only to search a student if they suspect something wrong going on, this ruling was made to keep the discpline in schools.
Hazelwood v. Kuhlemier
School (hazel) did not violate student rights by censoring stuff in newspaper therefore establishing that schools can censor things if they fund it.
Texas v. Johnson
The SC supported the individual, Johnson saying that his act of flag desecration was an act of political free speech and expression.
Shaw v. Reno
Redistricting based on race must be held to a standard of strict scrutiny under the equal protection clause while bodies doing redistricting must be conscious of race to the extent that they must insure compliance with the Voting Rights Act.
U.S. v. Lopez
Possession of a gun near a school is not an economic activity that has a substantial effect on interstate commerce. A law prohibiting guns near schools is a criminal statute that does not relate to commerce or any sort of economic activity.
Printz v. U.S.
The Brady Handgun Violence Prevention Act's interim provision commanding the "chief law enforcement officer" (CLEO) of each local jurisdiction to conduct background checks, ...is unconstitutional.