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37 Cards in this Set

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Which of the follwing is NOT true of the "Glorious Revolution of 1689?
a. It established, once and for all, the right of Parliament to levy taxes.
b. It established that the monarchy and Parliament ruled England together.
c. It reflected the theories of government of Thomas Hobbes
d. It was supported by the theories of John Locke.
e. It marked the supremacy of constitutionalism in England
C
Hobbes's works supported absolutism
Religious toleration by English government from 1534, when the English Reformation began, to 1689, when the Toleration Act was passed
a. guarenteed the right to worship to all Christian sects
b. denied the right to worship to all except Anglicans
c. denied only the right to worship to atheists
d. periodically denied to Catholics the right to worship
e. was varied, at times denying then guarenteeing freedom of worship to different sects
E
Catholics and some Protestant sects were denied religious freedom at various times
Whic was NOT a goal of Christian humanists like Erasmus and Thomas More?
a. To recapture the moral force of early Christianity
b. To reform the RCC
c. To criticize the pomposities of leaders and inequities of society
d. To support Protestantism
e. To emphasize the religious aspects of classical literature
D
They wanted to reform, but not dismantle Roman Catholicism
Regiomontanus and Nicholas of Cusa helped lay the foundations for Copernicus's Radical theory of astronomy by their work in
a. telescopic observation
b. phsyics
c. mathematics
d. empiracle science
e. philosophical disputation
C
Their work allowed Copernicus to develop a more elegant and simple model of the universe than that of Ptolemy
Machiavelli's "The Prince" was significant because
a. it became the "Bible of 20th-century dictators"
b. it was one of the first reality-based treatises on political behavior
c. it was written with the goal of unifying Italy
d. it was based primarily on empirical observation
e. all of the above
E
It was not a moral tract based on the Church law or dogmal it attempted to evaluate real politics and then offered a prescription for divided Italy
In the 14th and 15th centuries, mystics, such as Meister Eckhart, Thomas a Kempis, and the founder of Brothers of the Common Faith, Gerard Groote
a. preached rebellion against the papcy
b. stressed the importatnce of sacraments
c. laid the foundations for Protestantism's personal approach to worship
d. argued the necessity of adhering to dogma
e. had a universal and popular appeal
C
The Mystics' personal approach to communion with God and the simple piety preached by Groote set the tone for Luther's tenets.
An important accomplishment of the Treaty of Utrecht (1713-1714) was
a. that it allowed a Bourbon monarch to rule both Spain and France
b. it established a French empire in North America
c. it set up an independent and unified Netherlands
d. it ousted the Austrians from Italy
e. it helped restore the balance of power on the continent
E
France's overwhelming strength and Louis's penchant for war had disturbed the balance of power for decades
The Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Day in 1572
a. marked the renewal of religious civil war in France
b. resulted in the slaughter of Catholic leaders
c. marked the end of Protestantism in France
d. restored religious toleration in France
e. was perpetrated by Huguenot mobs
A
Catholic plotters and Catholic mobs slaughtered Huguenot leaders, and the religious civil war broke out with renewed fervor and brutality
Which of the following is NOT a major tenent of Lutheranism?
a. Salvation by faith and faith only
b. The Bible is the final authority for Christian Doctrine
c. Absolution from sin comes only through the grace of God
d. Baptism is the only valid sacrament
e. Only the inner grace of God, not indulgences or absolution, can free one from sin
D
Baptism and Holy Communion were both considered sacraments by Luther.
Which of the following is a significant difference between medieval and Renaissance sculpture?
a. The shift from Old Testament to New Testament themes
b. The use of stone rather than wood
c. Renaissance sculpture was devoid of religious subjects
d. Renaissance art represented the visible world rather than conventional symbolism
e. Renaissance sculpture was no longer commissioned by the popes
D
It showed emotion, anatomic accuracy, humanity. It was religious but lacked the symbolic representation of medieval art.
Calvin, a Frenchman, established a theocratic government in
a. France
b. Scotland
c. Sweden
d. Switzerland
e. England
D
Zwingli and Calvin preached in Geneva, a Swiss city.
"The church is not subordinante to the state, but rather must be ruled according to God's plan. The Chosen few should not only govern the church but also the state." An adherent of what religious group is likely to hae believed this in the 16th century?
a. Lutheran
b. Calvinist
c. Roman Catholic
d. Millennarian
e. Anabaptist
B
Theocracy was a feature of Calvinism, which argued that religious morality should influence the state
During the 16th century, which dynasty ruled a dominion that stretched from the Atlantic to Eastern Europe, from the Baltic to the Mediterranean?
a. Valois
b. Hohenzollern
c. Bourbon
d. Tudor
e. Hapsburg
E
The fabled Habsburg family was one of the oldest and most powerful in Europe
All of the follwing are accurate depictions of the Thirty Years' War (1618 - 1648) EXCEPT
a. it was fought mostly in Germany
b. it involved the major states of Europe
c. it was a religious struggle between Protestants and Catholics
d. it was a political struggle between the German princes and the Holy Roman Emperor
e. it allied the French with Austrian Habsburgs
E
Cardinal Richelieu got into the war in order to nullify Austria's power and influence among the German states
Choose the correct chronology
a. Peace of Augsburg, Thirty Years' War, Peace of Westphalia
b. Thirty Years' War, The Reign of Charles V as Holy Roman Emperor, Peace of Westphalia
c. Ministry of Cardinal Richelieu, Diet of Worms, Thirty Years' War
d. Reign of Louis XIV, Council of Trent, regency of Mazarin
e. Regency of Mazarin, Treaty of Utrecht, Thirty Years' War
A
Philip II of Spain (1556 - 1598)
a. championed religious toleration of Spanish Jews and Moslems
b. granted independence to the Spanish Netherlands
c. abolished the Alcabala, a 10 percent tax on all sales that inhibited commerce
d. dedicated his reign to establishing Catholic orthodoxy
e. was defeated by the Turks at Lepanto
D
He forcibily converted or expelled Jews and Moors, Spain's most productive and educated groups; he crushed resistance in the Spanish Netherlands; he put a restrictive tax on all sales; he helped defeat the Turkish invaders.
The 17th century witnessed the rise in Central and Eastern Europe of two states:
a. Austria and Prussia
b. Poland and Austria
c. Prussia and Austria
d. Poland and Prussia
e. Russia nad Poland
C
Prussia and Russia modernized and expanded under wise leadership
Prussia has been called "a state built around an army" meaning that
a. the kings were recruited from the High Command
b. in a nation of separate states, the army was a unifying force
c. the Junkers were militarists
d. the army ruled the monarchy
e. universal conscription was the rule
B
A Christian buffer states between the West and the Russians, its army was always its focal point.
Joseph II of Austria (1780 - 1790) has been called the "ideal Enlightened Despot" for all of the following EXCEPT
a. he abolished serfdom
b. he fostered freedom of the press
c. he granted religious freedom to most Christian sects and to Jews
d. he abolished the secret police
e. he suppressed the influence of the Roman Catholic Church
D
The secret police actually helped Joseph to extend his reforms by making centralization of his government easier.
Louis XVI of France convened the Estates General in 1789 for the first time in over 150 years because
a. he wanted to show support for the growing democratic movement
b. he wanted approval to exempt the First and Second Estates from taxation
c. he wanted approval for taxing all landowners in the realm
d. he needed funds to help support the American cause against the British
e. he needed a legislative body to check the powers of Parlement of Paris
C
The high court, the Parlement of Paris, declared it was necessary if he was to initiate a tax on the exempted First and Second Estates
When the French people drew up cahiers (lists of grievances) in 1789 for the Estates General to consider, which of the follwing would NOT have been likely?
a. The peasants wanted relief from feudal dues.
b. The bourgeoisie called for access to high office in the military and government.
c. Shopkeeperes wanted an end to unnecessary taxes on commerce.
d. The nobles wanted an expansion of royal power.
e. The clergy wanted protection of monastic lands.
D
The battle for power between a centralized monarchy and the nobility was a familiar theme all during the growth of the nation-state
The Age of Napoleon spanned what years?
a. 1799 - 1815
b. 1803 - 1815
c. 1789 - 1815
d. 1795 - 1814
e. 1799 - 1814
A
Napoleon made a comeback in 1815 after exile on Elbe. The French Rev bega in 1789, Napoleon was in power before 1803
Choose the correct chronology.
I. Congress of Vienna first assembles.
II. The Concert of Europe is formed.
III. The First Treaty of Paris is signed by Louis XVIII
IV. The "Hundred Days" brings Napoleon's return and defeat.

a. I, IV, II, III
b. III, I, II, IV
c. I, III, II, IV
d. II, IV, I, III
e. III, I, IV, II
E
Why is it significant that Napoleon crowned himself as emperor of the First French Empire in 1804?
a. He was the first of his line.
b. It was a symbolic gesture to show his independence
c. Because of the Concordat of 1801, the clergy refused to participate.
d. Because the Senate had named "Emperor of the French" rather than "Emperor of France."
e. It had no significance.
B
Beholden to no one and nothing but his own abilities. That was his point.
All of the following were results of the Industrial Revolution EXCEPT
a. it created two new social classes
b. it displaced the landed aristocracy as the dominant social class
c. it brought great wealth to factory owners
d. it subjected workers and their families to low wages, long working days, and oppressive living conditions
e. it created poverty much worse than that in the countryside
E
According to Ricardo's Iron Law of Wages
a. workers in pig iron production must earn subsistence wages
b. population will outrun the food supply
c. a ten-hour workday was the most productive
d. variations in the supply and demand of labor will lead to eventual mass starvation
e. poverty will end only with the public ownership of the means of production
D
He tried to explain why Adam Smith's "natural law" economy did not bring about the general prosperity that he had promised in Wealth of Nations
How did Edward Jenner's development of a vaccine against smallpox influence the Industrial Revolution?
a. It increased the food supply by protecting farmers from developing the disease through exposure to infected cows.
b. It led indirectly to a population increased that provided more workers for urban factories.
c. It improved the health of milkmaids and increased the supply of dairy products.
d. Used on cattle, it increased the yield of meat.
e. It had no influence
B
Healthier people work harder, live longer. His original experimental innoculation of a diluted solution containing a cowpox scab was into the arm of a small boy.
"The Age of Reason diminished the human spirit by denying the emotionality that flows from the soul. Miracles are acts of God, not illusions for the senses. Myster is at the core existence. The tiller of the soil is purer at heart than the factory laborer, and science will never uncover the ultimate meaning of life."

The passage above would most likely have been written in the first half of the 19th century by
a. a Socialist
b. a materialist
c. a Romantic
d. a rationalist
e. a liberal
C
The Romantic movement was a reaction to the rationalism of the Enlightenment
"The Age of Reason diminished the human spirit by denying the emotionality that flows from the soul. Miracles are acts of God, not illusions for the senses. Myster is at the core existence. The tiller of the soil is purer at heart than the factory laborer, and science will never uncover the ultimate meaning of life."

The writings of which of the following adhered to the themes of the movement reflected in the above passage?
a. Marx and Engels
b. Charles Darwin
c. Byron and Goethe
d. Edmund Burke
e. Freud
C
Lord Byron, the English poet, and Johann von Goethe, the great german poet and dramatist, personified the movement
Hapsburg rule in the Austro-Hungarian Empire prior to World War I was most threatened by
a. the growth of socialism
b. liberal reformers
c. German agression
d. the Pan-Slavic movement
e. a decline of the fine arts
D
Of the many non-German minorities that were part of the empire, the Slaves were most vocal in their anti-German, anti-Hungarian nationalism.
Rejection of Romanticism and the adoption of realism in the arts and literature in the mid-19th century was affected by
a. the impact of industrialization
b. the impact of various scientific discoveries and theories such as Darwin's Natural SElection
c. the failures of the Revolutions of 1848
d. the "power politics" of national unification
e. All of the above
E
A revolution in psychology at the end of the 19th century popularized the notion that human behavior springs from irrational forces and unconscious urges. It was pioneered by
a. Auguste Comte
b. Leopold von Ranke
c. Sigmund Freud
d. William James
e. Carl Gustave Jung
C
Monet, Renoir, and Pissarro pioneered which style of painting?
a. Romanticism
b. Impressionism
c. Realism
d. Abstractionism
e. Cubism
B
Romanticism flowed from the reactions to the French Revolution, realism from the the ugly realities of the industrialized world, abstract art and cubism developed during and after the First World War
Who was the most influential statesmen in Europe for the two decades before 1890, and why was he so powerful?
a. Prime Minister Cavour because a united Italy had become a major player on the world stage
b. Kaiser Wilhelm I because Germany had become the world's leading industrial power
c. Chancellor Bismarck because the unification of Germany had upset the European balance of power
d. Emperor Franz Joseph because he headed the rejuvenated monarchy of Austria-Hungary
e. Prime Minister William Gladstone because England had acquired an empire upon which "the sun never set"
C
Which of the following were strongholds of Protestanism by 1600?
a. North Italy and Southern Germany
b. Poland and Austria
c. Hungary and Northern Germany
d. Scandinavia and Norther Germany
e. Austria and Germany
D
England was also an important center
All of the following are accurate assessments of the New Imperialism EXCEPT
a. it degraded the subect peoples
b. it created immensely profitable markets for European goods in the colonies
c. it introduced progressive economies to the non-Western world
d. it helped precipitate World Wars I and II
e. it encouraged the non-West to modernize its social and political systems
B
The non-European peoples in the colonies did not have wealth enough to provide a rich market for European manufactured goods. The most profitable trade was between industrialized nations.
The transition from colonialism to the independence was LEAST chaotic in which of the following?
a. The Philippines
b. The Belgian Congo
c. The Dutch East Indies (Indonesia)
d. Algeria
e. Indochina
A
It was slated for independence in 1946, and, despite the ravages of World War II, which ended in 1945, the schedule was kept. However, the Islands are wracked today by guerrilla war and economic instability