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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
First European republic, with central government (States General) and provincial authorities

Agricultural success, economic success, financial success

Declined after Willian III died - everything stagnated and other nations caught up
Louis XV
Lous XIV's great-grandson; became king at the age of five
Duke of Orleans
Regent for Louis VX, wan't very good at anything
John Law
France's financial minister and a gambler; source of the Mississippi Bubble Scandal
Mississippi Company
Sold stock and issued paper money; France ran out of gold; there were problems
Cardinal Fleury
Chief court minister who improved France's economy somewhat, but lacked the funding for dramatic improvement
Favored by George I because the opposed the French; supported Parliamentary sovreignty, commercial interests, and toleration
Not favored by George I because they preferred peace with France; supported strong monarchy, low taxes, and Anglicanism
Robert Walpole
Unofficial first Prime Minister of Britian; created the South Sea Company and saved the economy
Pragmatic Sanction
Charkes VI of Austria secured a successor, his daughter Maria Theresa
Frederick William the Great Elector (of Prussia)
Broke local noble estates and organized a royal bureaucracy
Frederick Willian I
Granted title King of Prussia after helping the Habsburgs in the War of Spanish Succession; beginning of kabinett government; transformed allegiance into a duty; built a huge army
Old rich
Guards of the Moscow garrison
Peter the Great
Sought to copy Western Europe; built St. Petersburg
Administrative colleges
Bureaus operating according to written instruction, instead of departments with a single minister; managed taxes, foreign relations, war, and economic affairs
Table of Ranks
Equated social position and privileges with loyalty to Peter
Religious reform
Peter replaced the patriarch with a Holy Synod headed by a lay procurator general