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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Rabelais
"Gargantua and Pantagruel"
French secular writings: confidence in human nature
Machiavelli
"The Prince"
Savonrola
Predicted French invasion
Official leader of Florence in absense of Medici Family (1494-1498)
Dominican Friar: established theocracy
Blamed invasion on moral decayed: burn valuables in bonfires
Overthrown, burned at stake in 1484
Lorenzo de Medici
Banking family, controlled Florence
Donatello's David for his wedding
Patron of the arts, spent much of family's fortune
Julius II
Warrior Pope
Leo X
Excommunicated Martin Luther
Spent Vatican treasury to patronize arts
The Prince
Political treatise of 16th Century
Manual: how to take and keep power
Politically: ends justify means
Rulers: better feared than loved
Raphael
Student of Michelangelo and da Vinci
Lots of Madonna and Child
"School of Athens"
Donatello
1st artist since antiquity to sculpt a free-standing nude figure
David
da Vinci
Last Supper, Mona Lisa
Renaissance Man
Smart: physiology, artist, inventor
Michelangelo
David: anatomically correct
Valla
Foremost expert on Latin language
"On the Elegances of the Latin Language"
First to write crticical analysis on "False Donation of Constantine"
Secretary to Pope Nicholas V
Flaws in Vulgate
Donation of Constantine
[False]
Lorenzo Valla examined it
Used critical analysis to prove the ancient document (giving vast territories to Church from Constantine in 8th Century) was a fraud
Petrarch
The Father of Humanism
First to use critical analysis on ancient history
Influenced by Cicero: need awareness of literary culture
Coined term "Dark Ages"
Castiglione
"The Book of the Courtier"
Specified qualities needed to be a true gentleman
Social commentary of 14th Century
The Courtier
Specified qualities needed to be a true gentleman
Social commentary of 14th Century
Intellectual, physical pursuits, rejected crude habits
Boccaccio
"The Decameron"
Earthly tales to amuse
Poked gentle fun at Church and Society
Erasmus
Most famous Northern Humanist
Authority of Greek
Translated Greek and Latin versions of the New Testament, fixed Vulgate
"The Praise of Folly"
The Praise of Folly
Only Bible sold more copies
Written in Latin
Critical of church, other institutions
Christian, big influence to Luther
Believed education = reform
Utopia
Sir Thomas More
Writer and civic humanist
Described perfect society
"No Place"
Humanism
Study of ancient Latin and Greek texts to reveal something about human nature
van Eyck
Perfected oil painting
Religious symbolism, Flemish style
Arnolfini and His Wife
Spider King
Louis XI
1461-1483
Rutherless, uncooperative to nobility
Promoted new industries
Made agreements to other countries
Increase taxes, improves army
Brought Brittany under French control with Anne of Brittany
The Galacian Church
Official (Catholic) church of France
Pragmatic Sanction of the Bourges
Reaffirmed that state was more powerful than Church
Claimed right to appoint bishop: tax land of bishop's diocese
The Tudor Dynasty
Henry II
England small, weak, unimportant country
Growth of strong monarchy
Avoided foreign wars, dependence on Parliament
Henry VII of England
Encouraged cloth Industry
Built up merchant marine with trade
Crushed Irish rebellion, won control of Scotland with a marriage
Country in good shape
Reconquista
Christians wanted religious homogeneity in Spain
Jews and Muslims strongly encouraged to convert or leave (or die)
Racism toward banking Jews
The Decameron
Boccaccio
Earthly tales to amuse
Northern Europe
Converstaions of people waiting out plague together
War of Roses
1455-1485
Nobles fighting for control of England
Star Chamber
Offshoot of the Royal Council in England
Made up of middle-class
Torture nobles, discourage ambission
Ghiberti
Won contest for door panels of Florentine cathedral
Metal-working, sculpture
"Gates of Paradise" -Michelangelo
Brunelleschi
Second place to Ghiberti
Duomo of Florence, Santa Maria del Fiore
Condordat of Bologna
1516
Superceded Pragmatic Sanction of Bourges
Reserved rights to appoint new bishops, also new abbots, tax land of monasteries
More revenue
Conversos
Or marranos
200,000 Jews in Spain
new Christian converts protected by crown but lose popular support
Persecuted in Inquisition
Hanseatic League
Economic alliance of trading cities and their guilds that dominated trade along the coast of Northern Europe in the later Middle Ages
Maximilian
HRE
Hapsburg
1486-1493
Established Hapsburgs in Spain by marrying his son
League of Cambrai
Formed by Pope Julius II to combat growing power of Venice
Allied at first with Louis XII of France, later turned against him
Swabian Rebellion
Peasants War (1524-1525)
Peasants believed Luther would support liberal social agenda
Luther sympathized with plight of peasants, NOT in social/political reform
Twelve Articles: peasant demands: end serfdom, fuedal hunting, tithes
Luther gathered Lutheran and Catholic princes to crush
Brethren of the Common Life
Founded by Thomas a'Kempis
Encouraged Christians to live simply and make religion a personal experience