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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Henry IV (France)
Worked with finance minister duke of Sully to monopolize goods and build a canal between the Atlantic and Mediterranean; instituted the corvee
Labor tax that employed workers to build roads and facilitate travel
Louis XIII (France)
Became king at nine years old; his mother, Marie de Medici and Cardinal Richelieu, rule
Treaty of Fontainebleau
Mutual defense pact with Spain; also arranged marriages between Louis XIII and the Spanish princess, and between Elizabeth and the Spanish heir (Marie sought security for France)
Cardinal Richelieu
Shrewd diplomat; pursued an anti-Habsburg policy; campaigned against Protestants; employed the printing press to produce propaganda
Louis XIV (France)
Became king at five years old; queen mother, Anne of Austria, and Cardinal Mazarin, rule; later in life establishes the court life at Versailles and learns to work with the nobility
Series of rebellions; people seek to return to local autonomy; after a near-anarchic rule, people realize that a monarchy is better
Divine right of kings
The king is subject only to the judgement of God; justified by Old Testament rulers who were appointed by and answered only to God
Powerful Catholic order; monopolized education
Catholic opposition to the Jesuits; based on the teachings of St. Augustine (Protestant influence)
Prominent Parisian family who gave political support to Jansenism
Ad Sacram Sedem
Papal bull that banned Jansenism (Pope Innocent X)
Jean-Baptiste Colbert
Controller of general finances for France; created the economic base to fund Louis XIV's wars
Direct tax on the peasantry
Government control of the economy; aims to maximize exports and internal financial resources for making war
Marquis of Louvois
Louis's war minister and military organizer; instituted military discipline, salaries, and promotion by merit (created dedicated soldiers)
Sebastien Vauban
Military engineer; developed trench warfare
War of Devolution
Louis held a claim to the Spanish-Belgian provinces through his wife, Marie-Theresa; argued that property "devolved" to children of a first marriage, so his wife had higher claim than her brother, Charles II; Louis is eventually granted some land
Triple Alliance
Alliance of England, Sweden, and Holland in the War of Devolution
Treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle
Peace agreement that ended the War of Devolution
Invasion of the Netherlands
Louis invades Holland (alliance with England against the Dutch); Prince of Orange united Spain, the Holy Roman Empire, Lorraine and Brandenburg against Louis; ends with the Peace of Nijmwegen
League of Augsburg
Created to resist French expansion into Germany

England, Spain, Holland, Bavaria, Saxony, the Palatinate, Emperor Leopold of Austria
Nine Years' War
Louis invades the Palatinate; France fights the League of Augsburg; ends in stalemate with the Peace of Ryswick
War of the Spanish Succession (part one)
Both Leopold of Austria and France have claim to the Spanish throne; everyone fears France becoming even more powerful; Charles II of Spain leaves everything to Philip of Anjou (Louis's grandson) who becomes Philip V of Spain; English fight to let Emperor Leopold get a share of Spanish inheritance
Grand Alliance
England, Holland, and the Holy Roman Empire ally against France in the War of the Spanish Succession
War of the Spanish Succession (part two)
The English army is far superior, but Louis is reluctant to surrender; peace achieved with treaties of Utrecht and Rastatt
Treaty of Utrecht
Armistice that ended the War of the Spanish Succession
Treaty of Rastatt
Made peace between France and Holland; confirmed Philip V as king of Spain; made England a Mediterranean power
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