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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ch16

regulate the dress of the different classes
Sumptuary Laws

ch16 #1
ch16

those who acquire titles by serving in bureaucracy or by purchase
nobility of the robe

ch16 #2
ch16

nobility derived from military service
nobility of the soward

ch16 #3
provincial nobility--little better off than wealthy peasants
hobereaux

ch16 #4
ch16

land tax that french nobles did not pay
tallie

ch16 #5
ch16

nobles liable to pay the 'twentieth'--income tax (rarely did pay)
vingtieme

ch16 #6
ch16

nobles not liable for tax of forced labor on peasants
corvee

ch16 #7
ch16

nobilities reaction to threat to social statius from power of monarchs
aristocratic resurgence

ch16 #8
ch16

peasants who were free
free peasants

ch16 #9
ch16

peasatns bound to the land of their master
serfs

ch16 #10
ch16

dues placed upon french pesants (use-for-payment)(certain # of days to work on roads)
banalities

ch16 #11
ch16

Habsburg lands-law and custom required serfs to provide service to thier lords
robot

ch16 #12
ch16

russian nobles reckoned thier wealth by the number of male serfs they owned
number of "souls"

ch16 #13
ch16

Pugachev promised serfs freedom form lords; all south russia in turmoil until gov. stop rebellion
Pugachevs Rebellion

ch16 #14
ch16

upheld the superior status of aristocracy and the landed gentry; ex. of legislation related to economic and social status
game laws

ch16 #15
ch16

country people would poach game and sell it to those who would sell it on the black market
higglers

ch16 #16
ch16

establishments run by family groups and did not employ many outsiders
family economy

ch16 #17
ch16

perspn hired to work for head of house for room, board, wages
servant

ch16 #18
ch16

men and women left home and marry and form independent household of their own; process of moving away and making new
neoloclaism

ch16 #19
ch16

willing to condust and finance experiements of others; iron plows, wheat by drill; methods permitted land to be cultivated for longer time w/ out having to fallow
Jethro Tull

ch16 #20
ch16

encouraged other innovations; cultivate sandy soil, crop rotation, restored soil nutrients
Charles "turnip" Townsend

ch16 #21
ch16

pioneered methods of animal breeding that produced more better
Robert Bakewell

ch16 #22
ch16

-secretary of British Board of Agriculture; traveled; books very important--discussed inovations
Arthur Young/ Annals of Agriculture

ch16 #23
ch16

intended to use land more rationally and more profit; fencing, reclamation, transformation
Enclosure

ch16 #24
ch16

2nd half of 18th century--industrialization of European economy
Industrial revolution

ch16 #25
ch16

increase in desire for consumer goods arose; emphasized this more than new machinery
demand side of the process

ch16 #26
ch16

resulted from improvments in agriculture ; people buy consumer goods
disposable income

ch16 #27
ch16

attempted to find customers among royal family and aristocarcy; gained their bussiness and then produced less expensive version
Jodiah Wedgwood

ch16 #28
ch16

invented flying shuttle increased productivity of weavers
James Kays

ch16 #29
ch16

invented spinning jenny--allowed spindle threads to be spun
James Hargraves

ch16 #30
ch16

water frame that took cotton textile maufacture to factories
Richard Arkwright

ch16 #31
ch16

invented power loom in 1780/s but not pop. till 1830's
Edmund Cartwright

ch16 #32
ch16

first practical engine using steam power
Thomas Newcome

ch16 #33
ch16

application of steam engine perfected by
James Watt

ch16 #34
ch16

successful toy and buttin maker--gets with Watt
Matthew Boultion

ch16 #35
ch16

cannon maker--John and Watt get with to make metal cylinders for Watt
John Wilkinson

ch16 #36
ch16

new puddling process; allowed more slag to be removed and purer iron
Henry Cort

ch16 #37