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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ch15

Britian and France emerge as dominant powers shifting influence away from Spain ad United Netherlands
maritime Power

#1 ch15
ch15

Netherlands won formal independence from Spain
1648: Treay of Westphalia

#2 ch15
ch15

the official church of the Duthch, most of the political elite belonged to it, but not an established church
Calvinist Reformed Church

#3 ch15
ch15

60% of population in Holland; trade, manufacture, shipbuilding; capital mosr easily raised here than anywhere else; Dutch prosperity
Amsterdam

#4 ch15
ch15

seaborn empire-the major presence-Dutch prosperity; shares sold at Amsterdam
1602: Dutch East Indies Company

#5 ch15
ch15

Believed that an increase in paper-money supply would stimulate Frances economic recovery; bank in Paris and organized a monopoly
John Law

#6 ch15
ch15

monopoly on trading privileges with the French colonies; took over management of the French national debt; stock rose
Mississippi Company

#7 ch15
ch15

when everything was going well; stock rising; when bank lacked the gold to exchange for all the paper money; brought disgrace
Mississippi Bubble

#8 ch15
ch15

It could not legislate but had the power to recognize or not, the legality of an act done by the monarch
Parlement of Paris

#9 ch15
ch15

chief minister of French courts; a realist; understood political ambition and incapacity of nobility; aware of finance situation; sought to solve financial problem
Cardinal Fleury

#10 ch15
ch15

as designated in Act of Settlement-came to throne; faced challenge;
Hanoverian Dynasty

#11 ch15
ch15

supported monarchy but wanted parliament to retain final sovereignty; favored urban commercial interests; encouraged tolerance toward Protestants in England
Whigs

#12 ch15
ch15

urged rapid peace settlement; opened negotiations with France; previously had empasized strong monarchy, low taxes, support Anglican church
Tories

#13 ch15
ch15

elector of Hanover; whould soon be monarch; unsypathetic to Tory peace policy; favored whigs
George I

#14 ch15
ch15

political situation in flux until he took over; a British financial scandal like Mississippi gave him special promiencs under new dynasty
Robert Walpole

#15 ch15
ch15

management of British national debt; exchanged gov. bonds for company stock; stock went up;
South Sea Company

#16 ch15
ch15

Let sleeping dogs lie; Walpoles favorite slogan
"Quieta non movere"

#17 ch15
ch15

each country into whcih Britian was divided selected 2 members elected from units called
boroughs

#18 ch15
ch15

corrupt group; Pitt family bought up pieces of property to which a vote was attached and owned seat in H of Commons
"rotten" boroughs

#19 ch15
ch15

emeerged as factor in North German politics and as a challenger to Hapsburg domination of Germany
Prussia

#20 ch15
ch15

Charles XII-insane; Russia began drive to west against Swedish territory; goal was foothold on Baltic-defeat of Sweden
Great Northern War

#21 ch15
ch15

southeastern europe; barrier to the territorial ambitions of the Austrian Hapsburgs, Poland, and Russia-existed to enhance spread of Islam
Ottoman Empire

#22 ch15
ch15

ottoman empire ruled people not on territorial but religious basis which created units called__that included all people of a particular religious faith
millets

#23 ch15
ch15

non-islamic persons in the ottoman empire; could practice their religion but they were 2nd class
zimmis

#24 ch15
ch15

legal basis negotiation by the charles VI for the Hapsburg succession through his daughter Maria Theresa
Pragmatic Sanction

#25 ch15
ch15

aquired collection of titular holdings and forged them into a centrally administered unit; transformed feudal ties and structures into bureaurcratic ones; subordinated all social classes to strengthening of institution that united realms: the army; thus made term "Prussian" synonymous with administrative rigor and military discipline
Hohenzollerns

#26 ch15
ch15

forged seperate regions and diverse nobles into modern state; established himself as central uniting power by breaking nobles, royal bureaucracy and establishing strong army
Fredrick William, the "Great Elector"

#27 ch15
ch15

trade-off b/t elector adn his nobles: in exchange for obedience to Hohenzollers they received right to demand obedience from their serfs
Junkers

#28 ch15
ch15

imposed strict austerity; jobs abolished, salaries lowered; political aims seemed to have been consolidation of obedient, compiant bureaucracy and establish a bigger army
Fredrick I

#29 ch15
ch15

Fredrick I made it; policy of gov.; meant that lower officials submitted all relevant doc. to him in his office
Kabinett

#30 ch15