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100 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Allegory
– (n) 1. the expression by means of symbolic fictional figures and actions of truths or generalizations about human existence 2. a symbolic representation
Allusion
– (n) 1. an implied or indirect reference 2. the act of hinting at something
Anachronistic
– (n) something that is chronologically out of place
Anecdote
– (n) a short story/narrative
Antagonist
– (n) a character who opposes the protagonist
Antihero
– (n) a protagonist who lacks heroic qualities
Antithesis
– (n) a. (1) the rhetorical contrast of ideas by means of parallel arrangements of words, clauses, or sentences (2) opposition, contrast b. (1) the second of two opposing constituents of an antithesis (2) the direct opposite
Apostrophe
– (n) the addressing of a usually absent person or a usually personified thing rhetorically
Archetype
– (n) Primordial image , character, or pattern of circumstances that recurs throughout literature and thought consistently enough to be considered universal.
Aside
– (n) an actor’s speech that is heard by the audience, but not other characters
Ballad
– (n) a narrative composition in rhythmic verse suitable for singing
Bildungsroman
– (n) a novel about the moral and psychological growth of the main character
Blank Verse
– (n) unrhymed verse; specifically unrhymed iambic pentameter verse
Caesura
– (n) 1 in modern prosody: a usually rhetorical break in the flow of sound in the middle of a line of verse 2 Greek & Latin prosody: a break in the flow of sound in a verse caused by the ending of a word within a foot
Chronological
– (adj) of, relating to, or arranged in or according to the order of time
Climax
– (n) the point in a story where the problem has been built up to its height and is about to be solved.
Comedy
– (n) a play/story that is funny
Conceit
– (n) excessive appreciation of one's own worth or virtue
Connotation
– (n) the positive or negative feelings that are associated with a word.
Denotation
– (n) a direct specific meaning as distinct from an implied or associated idea
Denouement
– (n) the end of a story where all the loose ends are tied up
Deus ex Machina
– (n) a person or thing that appears or is introduced suddenly and unexpectedly and provides a contrived solution to an apparently insoluble difficulty
Dialect
– (n) a regional variety of language distinguished by features of vocabulary
Diction
– (n) 1. choice of words especially with regard to correctness, clearness, or effectiveness 2. vocal expression, pronunciation and enunciation of words
Doppelganger
– (n) a ghostly counterpart of a living person
Dramatic Irony
– (n) a plot device in which the audience's or reader's knowledge of events or individuals surpasses that of the characters. The words and actions of the characters therefore take on a different meaning for the audience or reader than they have for the play's characters.
Dramatic Monologue
– (n) a literary work (as a poem) in which a speaker's character is revealed in a monologue usually addressed to a second person
Dystopia
– (n) a novel that shows the dark side of a utopia
Elegy
– (n) 1. a poem in elegiac couplets 2. a song or poem expressing sorrow or lamentation especially for one who is dead
Enjambment
– (n) the running over of a sentence from one verse or couplet into another so that closely related words fall in different lines
Epic
– (n) a long narrative poem in elevated style recounting the deeds of a legendary or historical hero
Epigraph
– (n) a quotation set at the beginning of a literary work or one of its divisions to suggest its theme
Epistolary
– (n) of, relating to, or suitable to a letter (on paper)
Epitaph
– (n) an inscription on or at a tomb or a grave in memory of the one buried there
Euphemism
– (n) the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant
Existentialism
– (n) a chiefly 20th century philosophical movement centering on analysis of individual existence in an unfathomable universe and the plight of the individual who must assume ultimate responsibility for acts of free will without any certain knowledge of what is right or wrong or good or bad
Extended Metaphor
– (n) a metaphor that is developed at great length an appears frequently throughout a work
Flashback
– (n) when a story’s action goes into the past to follow a character’s memories.
Foil
– (n) someone or something that serves as a contrast to another
Foot
– (n) the basic unit of verse meter consisting of any of various fixed combinations or groups of stressed and unstressed or long and short syllables
Foreshadow
– (n) to represent, indicate, or typify beforehand
Frame Tale
–(n) a story in which the main story is told
Free Verse
– (n) verse whose meter is irregular in some respect or whose rhythm is not metrical
Genre
– (n) a category of literary composition
Hero
– (n) 1. a mythological or legendary figure often of divine descent endowed with great strength or ability; an illustrious warrior; a man admired for his achievements and noble qualities; one that shows great courage 2. the principal male character in a literary or dramatic work.
Heroic Couplet
– (n) a rhyming couplet in iambic pentameter
Hubris
– (n) pride, self-confidence in excessive amounts.
Hyperbole
– (n) extravagant exaggeration
Imagery
– (n) figurative language
In media res
– (n) “In the middle of things” a way of writing novels/telling stories.
Introspection
– (n) an examination of one's own thoughts and feelings
Juxtaposition
– (n) the act or an instance of placing two or more things side by side
Metaphor
– (n) a figure of speech in which a word or phrase literally denoting one kind of object or idea is used in place of another to suggest a likeness or analogy between them
Metaphysical Poetry
– (n) name given to a group of English lyric poets of the 17th cent. The hallmark of their poetry is the metaphysical conceit (a figure of speech that employs unusual and paradoxical images)
Meter
– (n) systematically arranged and measured rhythm in verse
Metonymy
– (n) a figure of speech consisting of the use of the name of one thing for that of another of which it is an attribute or with which it is associated (as "crown" in "lands belonging to the crown")
Modernism
– (n) a self-conscious break with the past and a search for new forms of expression
Mood
– (n) a conscious state of mind or predominant emotion
Noble Savage
– (n) a mythic conception of people belonging to non-European cultures as having innate natural simplicity and virtue uncorrupted by European civilization
Ode
– (n) a lyric poem usually marked by exaltation of feeling and style
Onomatopoeia
– (n) the naming of a thing or action by a vocal imitation of the sound associated with it
Oxymoron
– (n) a combination of contradictory or incongruous words
Paradox
– (n) a statement that is seemingly contradictory or opposed to common sense and yet is perhaps true
Parallelism
– (n) repeated syntactical similarities introduced for rhetorical effect
Can be a repeated parallel action, or can be the way that verbs are stated.
Parody
– (n) a literary or musical work in which the style of an author or work is closely imitated for comic effect or in ridicule
Pathetic Fallacy
– (n) the ascription of human traits or feelings to inanimate nature
Petrarchan/Italian Sonnet
– (n) a sonnet consisting of an octave rhyming abba abba and a sestet rhyming in any of various patterns
Picaresque
– (n) a type of fiction dealing with the episodic adventures of a usually roguish protagonist
Polysyndeton
– (n) repetition of conjunctions in close succession (as in we have ships and men and money and stores)
Propaganda
– (n) ideas, facts, or allegations spread deliberately to further one's cause or to damage an opposing cause
Protagonist
– (n) the principal character in a literary work
Pun
– (n) the usually humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound
Quatrain
– (n) a unit or group of four lines of verse
Realism
– (n) concern for fact or reality and rejection of the impractical and visionary
Retrospection
– (n) the act or process or an instance of surveying the past
Rhetoric
– (n) the study of writing or speaking as a means of communication or persuasion
Rhyme
– (n) correspondence in terminal sounds of units of composition or utterance
Rhythm
– (n) an ordered recurrent alternation of strong and weak elements in the flow of sound and silence in speech
Romanticism
– (n) a movement originating in the 18th century, characterized chiefly by a reaction against neoclassicism and an emphasis on the imagination and emotions, and marked especially in English literature by sensibility and the use of autobiographical material, an exaltation of the primitive and the common man, an appreciation of external nature, an interest in the remote, a predilection for melancholy, and the use in poetry of older verse forms
Satire
– (n) a literary work holding up human vices and follies to ridicule or scorn
Scansion
– (n) the analysis of verse to show its meter
Sestina
– (n) a lyrical fixed form consisting of six 6-line usually unrhymed stanzas in which the end words of the first stanza recur as end words of the following five stanzas in a successively rotating order and as the middle and end words of the three verses of the concluding tercet
Shakespearean/English Sonnet
– (n) a sonnet consisting of three quatrains and a couplet with a rhyme scheme of abab cdcd efef gg
Simile
– (n) a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as
Situational Irony
– (n) Players and events coming together in improbable situations creating a tension between expected and real results.
Soliloquy
– (n) a dramatic monologue that represents a series of unspoken reflections
Stanza
– (n) a division of a poem consisting of a series of lines arranged together in a usually recurring pattern of meter and rhyme
Stream of Consciousness
– (n) the continuous unedited chronological flow of conscious experience through the mind
Syllogism
– (n) a deductive scheme of a formal argument consisting of a major and a minor premise and a conclusion
Symbol
– (n) something that stands for or suggests something else by reason of relationship
Synecdoche
– (n) a figure of speech by which a part is put for the whole (as fifty sail for fifty ships)
Syntax
– (n) the way in which linguistic elements (as words) are put together to form constituents (as phrases or clauses)
Tone
– (n) style or manner of expression in speaking or writing
Tragedy
– (n) 1. (a) a medieval narrative poem or tale typically describing the downfall of a great man (b) a serious drama typically describing a conflict between the protagonist and a superior force (as destiny) and having a sorrowful or disastrous conclusion that elicits pity or terror (c) the literary genre of tragic dramas
Understatement
– (n) statement with restraint especially for effect
Utopia
– (n) a place of ideal perfection especially in laws, government, and social conditions
Valediction
– (n) an act of bidding farewell
Verbal Irony
– (n) sarcasm used in literature
Verisimilitude
– (n) something that depicts realism
Villanelle
– (n) a chiefly French verse form running on two rhymes and consisting typically of five tercets and a quatrain in which the first and third lines of the opening tercet recur alternately at the end of the other tercets and together as the last two lines of the quatrain