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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
clause
group of words containing a subject and a verb
independent clause
can be a sentence on its own
dependent clause
cannot be a sentence on its own and needs to connect with subordinating conjucing to ID
syntax
word order (sentence structure fits under this)
irony
opposite of the intended effect
verbal irony
sarcasm-meaning opposite of what is said
situational irony
Americans knock down trees, build a megamall, and put up little scraggly trees
dramatic irony
when the reader or watcher knows something the character or actor doesn't
argumentation
how to defend, attack, and quality
style analyssis
how has the author used language in order to ahcieve meaning
modes of discourse (list and define)
description-appeals to 1 or more sense
narration-tells story
expositiory-factual; explains uemotionally
persuasion-tries to change reader's mind to writer's pint of view
chiasmus
mirror image; pattern where first part balances against 2nd part but reversed; abba
"ask not what your country can do for you, but what you can do for your country"
asyndeton
a series or group of wrds that normally would be ocnnected by a suboordinating conjunction but is not "we came, we saw, we conquered"
polysyndeton
separating each word or grou pof words that normally would be separated by commas and only one suboordinating conjunction with a suboordination conjunction
"red and white and blue"
Euphamism
polite term; sugar coated word for something else to avoid being crude, disrespectful, or to mislead
fallacies
errors in reasoning
ad hominem
fallacy
attack on man not issue
hasty generalization
fallacy
sample size too small in inductive reasoning
non sequitor
fallacy
does not follow logically
red herring
fallacy
create a distraction-get audience off course
strawman
fallacy
create a false issue as a distraction
suboordinating conjunctions
after, although, as, as if, as long as, asmuchas, as soon as, as though, b/c, before, even if, even though, how if, inasmuch
aphorism
witty profound statement
simple sentence
"love is blind"
loose/cumulative sentence
Love is blind, htough some can see it, be afraid of it, or simply cry.
periodic
Though I have never really experienced it or have "seen" it, love is blind.
interruptive sentence
Love, though I have never really experience it or have "seen" it, is blind.
list sentence functions and give examples
declaritive "I threw the ball."
interogative "Who threw the ball?"
Imperative "throw the ball"
Exclamatory "Ouch. The ball hit me."
paradox
something that appears to be true but isn't
narratio
background given after exordium in the greek formula for oration
propositio
thesis
confirmatio
confirmation of propositio; body with specifics
refutatio
anticipation and refutation of opponents arguments
peroratio
revisiting of strong points with sense of conclusion
exordium
attention getting device