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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Metaphor
Figurative language that describes something as though it actually were something else.
Simile
A figure of comparison using like with nouns and as with clauses
Extended Metaphor
More than one appearance of same metaphor in poem
Controlling Metaphor
Metaphor throughout entire work, center meaning
Figurative Language
Speech / Writing that is not literal, descriptive
Conceit
Ellaborate, fanciful metaphor
Metaphysical Poets
Emply paradoxical images, use intellect not emotion
Hyperbole
extreme exaggeration
Symbol
Representation using concrete object for abstract idea
Allegory
Many symbols working together to tell a story
Connotation
Suggested meaning of a word beyond dictionary definition
Denotation
Dictionary definition of a word
Tone
Creates attitude, not mood
Diction (formal and informal)
Word choice (formal- proper, elevated) (informal- conversational)
Cacophony
Harsh sounds, bad sounding words
Syntax
Word order and sentence structure
Euphony
Words that have pleasant sound (many vowels)
Form
The various shapes and organizational modes of poetry
Alliteration
The repetition of identical consonant sounds in close proximity
Assonance
The repetition of identical vowel sounds in different words in close proximity
Cadence
A coherent word group spoken as a single rhythmical unit (balance rhythmic flow)
Caesura
The pause(s) separating phrases within lines of poetry
Repetition
Repeating
Anaphora
The repetition of the same word / phrase throughout a work or section of work (occurs at beginning of section)
End-stopped Line
A line ending in a full pause, period, or semicolon
Enjambment
A line having no end punctuation but running over to the next line
Free Verse
Poetry based on the natural rhythms of phrases and normal pauses
Rhyme
The repetition of identical concluding syllables in different words
Sonnet
A poem of fourteen (14) lines
Iambic Pentameter
Ten (10) syllables per line, five (5) stressed, five (5) unstressed
Theme
Major / Central idea of a work, reoccuring / unifying idea
Paradox
A figure of speech embodying a controdiction that is nevertheless true
Imagery (Literal and Figurative)
Images throughout a work, often triggers senses
Ode
A stanzaic poetic form with varying line lengths and sometimes intricate rhyme schemes (lyric reverent)
Apostrophe
The addressing of a discourse to a real or imagined person who is not present
Stanza
A group of poetic lines corresponding to paragraphs in prose