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28 Cards in this Set

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Tragedy
The ruin of the leading characters; dismal life for modern characters
Comedy
lighter drama in which the leading characters overcome the difficulties that beset them
Problem Play
Drama of social criticism discusses social, economic, or political problems
Farce
When comedy involves ridiculous or hilarious complications without regard to human values
Comedy of Manners
Comedy which wittily portrays fashionable life
Fantasy
A play sometimes, not always, in comic spirit which the author gives free reign to his fantasy, without regard to reality
Melodrama
Pays almost no attention to human value, like farce, but gives thrills instead of laughs. Has no literary value.
Medieval mystery
dealt with Bible stories and allegorical mysteries
Chronicle plays
dealt directly with historical scenes and characters
Masques
slight playing involving much singing and dancing and costuming. Usually allegorical
Allusion
an indirect reference by casually mentioning something that is generally familiar
Aside
lines whispered to the audience or to another character on stage...not meant to be heard by everyone
Catastrophe
the final even in a drama
(a death in a tragedy, or a marriage in a comedy)
Comedy
a light play with a happy ending
Crisis or Climax
The turning point in the plot
Dramatic irony
when the audience knows something that the character on stage does not
Foreshadow
lines that give a hint or clue to future events
Irony
A method of expression in which the ordinary meaning of the word is opposite to the thought in the speaker's mind. Events contrary to what is expected.
Comic relief
A bit of humor injected into a serious play to relieve heavy tension
Metaphor
an implied comparison between two different things
Metonymy
a figure of speech whereby the name of a thing is substituted for the attribute which it suggests.
"The pen(literature) is mightier than the sword(force)."
Nemesis
agent of retribution
Personification
giving human qualities to inanimate things
Poetic Justice
the operation of justice in a play with fair distribution of good deeds and punishment for wrongdoing
Simile
comparison using like or as
Soliloquy
A single character on a stage thinking aloud
tragedy
a serious play having an unhappy ending
Tragic flaw
a character trait that leads one to his/her own destruction