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16 Cards in this Set

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Allegory
A prose or poetic narrative in which the characters, behavior, and even the setting demonstrates multilevels of meaning and significance. e.g. Death portrayed as a black-cloaked grim reaper
Alliteration
The sequential initial repetition of a similar sound, usually applied to consonants, usually heard in closely proximate stressed syllables. "Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers."
Allusion
A reference to a literary or historical event, person, or place.
Anecdote
A brief story or tale told by a character in a piece of literature. e.g. the Canterbury Tales
Antithesis
The juxtaposition of sharply contrasting ideas in balanced or parallel words, phrases, grammatical structure, or ideas. "To err is human, to forgive divine." i.e. exact opposite.
Archetype
Recurrent designs, patterns of action, character types, themes or images which are identifiable in a wide range of literature.
Asyndeton
A style in which conjunctions are omitted, usually producing a fast-paced, more rapid prose. e.g. "I came, I saw, I conquered."
Attitude
The sense expressed by the tone of voice and/or the mood of a piece of writing; the feelings the author holds towards his subject, the people in his narrative, the events, the setting or even the theme.
Ballad stanza
A common stanza form, consisting of a stanza of 4 lines that alternates four-beat & three-beat lines: 1 & 3 are unrhymed iambic tetrameter (4 beats), and 2 & 4 are rhymed iambic trimeter (3 beats).
In Scarlet Town, where I was born
There lived a fair maid dwellin;
Made many a youth cry well-a-day
And her name was Barbara Allen.
Blank Verse
The verse form that most resembles common speech, blank verse consists of unrhymed lines in iambic pentameter.
Caesura
A pause in a line of verse, indicated by natural speech patterns rather than due to specific metrical patterns.

Alas how changed! // What sudden horrors rise! A naked lover // bound and bleeding lies! Where, where was Eloise? // her voice, her hand, Her poniard, // had opposed the dire command.
Caricature
A depiction in which a character's characteristics or features are so deliberately exaggerated as to render them absurd.
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Chiasmus
A figure of speech by which the order of the terms in the first of two parallel clauses is reversed in the second.

e.g. "Pleasure's a sin, and somtimes sin's a pleasure" --Byron
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Colloquial
Ordinary language, the vernacular.
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Conceit
A comparison of two unlikely things that is drawn out within a piece of literature, in particular an extended metaphor within a poem.

e.g. the idea of tracing a love affair as a flower growing, budding, coming to fruition, and dying.
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Consonance
The repetition of a sequence of two or more consonants, but with a change in the intervening vowels, such as pitter-patter, pish-posh, clinging and clanging.