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26 Cards in this Set

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believed that throughout history, women have occupied a subordinate role in the economic system, education, and politics
feminists
feminists focus on...
(1)
(2)
(1)sexual difference
(2)sexual politics
refers to ones biologically determined difference
sex
refers to cultural differences due to social conditioning
gender
feminists goal is...?
a genderless society
Mary Wollstone craft, a feminist author, wrote this book.
Vindication of the Rights of Woman
Elisabeth Cady Stanton, a feminist author, wrote this text.
Declaration of Sentiments
school of literary criticism that suggests that literature should be analyzed in regards to the time period in which it was written, incorporating psychological background of the author, the "social sphere" in which the author lived, and books and theories that may have influenced that author
New Historicism
a formal discussion of a subject in speech of writing
discourse
a system of understanding or a body of ideas which give shape to the knowledge of a particular tiem period
episteme
(1) the lowest common denominator of human actions
(2) changes the behavior of the subordinate classes
(3) implies knowledge
power
Michel Foucault wrote these two pieces as part of the New Historicism movement.
Madness and Civilization
The Birth of the Clinic
the theory that literary texts, like dreams, express the unconscious desires and motivations of the author
psychoanalytic criticism
the instict to do something
drive
when a child is jealous of his dad because the youth wants to be with his mother
oedipus complex
conscious actions that are made in conjunction with reality
ego
moral and corrective instict; conscious
super-ego
unconscious need for pleasure; not necessarily sex related.
Id
when the mind tends to repeat actions over and over again in order to overcome the trauma associated with the situation
repetition compulsion
known as the "father of psychoanalysis", he expresses his theories of the unconscious mind
sigmund freud
Four questions a Marxist asks while looking at a literary text?
(1) What role does class play in the work? What is the author's analysis of class relations?
(2) how do characters overcome oppression?
(3) in what ways does the work serve as propaganada for the status quo; or does it try to undermine it?
(4)does the work propose some form of utopia vision as a solution to the problems encountered in the work?
reflects class struggle and materialism
Marxism
struggle between the classes - the oppressed vs. the oppressing
Marxism
the beliefs and values held in an unquestioning manner by a culture, governing what the culture deems to be normative and valuable
ideology
refers to the pervasive system of assumptions, meanings, and values that shapes the way things look, what they mean, and therefore, what reality is for the major population
hegemony
Communist Manifesto
Marxism