Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/23

Click to flip

23 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Schemes:

Figures of Speech
any artful deviation in thought or expression from the ordinary or simple-sophisticated
Schemes:

-schemes
(form, shape) deviation from ordinary pattern or arrangement of words
Schemes:

-tropes
(to turn) deviation from ordinary meaning/significance of a word
Balance/Order/Placement:

-parallelism
sentence with structural similarity (word/phrase/clause) so that elements of equal importance have equal development (symmetry contributes to rythm/beat)
Balance/Order/Placement:parallelism:

-isocolon
parallel elements with the same structure and length

"He asks to stand, he wants to sit, and he is expected to lie" -Churchill
Balance/Order/Placement:

-order of importance
? (needs definition)

"We have reached a point of great decision, not just for our nation, not for all of humanity, but for life upon the earth" -George Wald
Balance/Order/Placement:order of importance:

-Chronological/spacial/climactic
? (needs definition)
Balance/Order/Placement:

-antithesis
the placing together of normally unassociated ideas/phrases-often in parallel structure (wittiness).

"Those who have been left out, we will bring in. Those left behind, we will try to catch up."
Balance/Order/Placement:antithesis-

-juxtaposition
placing together
Balance/Order/Placement:antithesis:

-paradox
seemingly contradictory statement that contains a measure of truth

"Art is a form of lying to tell the truth" -Picasso
Balance/Order/Placement:antithesis:

-oxymoron
(pointedly + dull) two contradictory terms (condensed paradox)

deafening silence
Balance/Order/Placement:omission:

-ellipses
(fall short) omission of word(s) which are readily implied by the context (used for economy)

"Rape is the sexual sin of the mob, adultery of the bourgeois, and incest of the aristocracy" -John Updike
Balance/Order/Placement:omission:

-asyndeton
omission of conjunctions between words/clauses/phrases (usually before last item in a list)-hurried rythm

"I came, I saw, I conquered (Veni, Vidi, Vici)" -Ceasar
Balance/Order/Placement:addition/repetition:

-apposition/appositive
(to put) inserting next to a noun another noun/phrase that renames it

John, my brother, is coming home.
Balance/Order/Placement:addition/repetition:

-parenthesis
(to put in besides) inserting words syntactically unrelated using dash/parenthesis (hear author's voice-emotionally charged)

John said it was going to rain-who was I to disagree-before the end of the game.
Balance/Order/Placement:addition/repetition:

-polysyndeton
(many + bound together) inserting extra conjunctions in a sentence (slowed rhythm)

John pursues his way, and creeps, and wades, and dives, and swims in the nearby pond.
Balance/Order/Placement:addition/repetition:

-anaphora
(back + to carry) repetition of same word(s) at the beginning of successive phrases/clauses/sentences (strong emotional effect)

"He has refused... He has forbidden... He has called together... He has obstructed..." -Declaration of Independance
Balance/Order/Placement:addition/repetition:

-epistrophe
(to turn toward) repetition of the same word(S) at the end of succesive phrases/clauses/sentences (for emphasis)

"We cannot learn from one another until we stop shouting at one another" -Nixon
Balance/Order/Placement:addition/repetition:

-anadiplosis
(to double back) repetition of last word of sentence/phrase/clause as first word of next s/p/c

He walked at length about "war games." "Games," however, seems an inappropriate term.
Balance/Order/Placement:addition/repetition:

-epanalepsis
(to take up) repetition of word(s) at beginning and end of sentence/phrase/clause (highly emotional language)

"When the shadow fades and is no more, the light that lingers becomes a shadow to another light." -Kahlil Gibran
Balance/Order/Placement:addition/repetition:

-antimetabole/chiasmus
(a placing crosswise) a repetition of words in successive clauses, in reverse grammatical order

One should eat to live, not live to eat.
Balance/Order/Placement:addition/repetition:

-alliteration
recurrence of an initial consonant sound, and sometimes a vowel sound

"A sable, silent solemn forest stood" -James Thomson
Balance/Order/Placement:addition/repetition:

-assonance
resemblance of internal vowel sound in neighboring words

Refresh your zest for living.